|Etymology: The house of the mountain pass|
|Geopolitical entity||Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of depopulation||early April 1948|
|o Total||2,979 dunams (2.9 km2 or 1.1 sq mi)|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
|Current Localities||Beit Nekofa|
Bayt Naqquba (Arabic: , Hebrew: , also known as Bait Naqquba) was a Palestinian village in British Mandate Palestine, located 9.5 kilometers west of Jerusalem, near Abu Ghosh. Before Palmach and Haganah troops occupied the village during Operation Nachshon on April 11, 1948 approximately 300 Palestinian Arabs lived there. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, a moshav named Beit Nekofa was founded close to the site by Jewish immigrants from Yugoslavia. In 1962, residents of Bayt Naqubba built a new village named Ein Naqquba, south of Beit Nekofa.
In 1838 Beit Nikoba was noted as a Muslim village, located in the District of Beni Malik, west of Jerusalem.
In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village located on cultivated slopes, with 200 inhabitants, while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found 23 houses and a population of 88, though that population count included men, only.
Around 1896 the population of Bet Nakuba was estimated to be about 135 persons.
The villagers planted olive trees and vineyards, which grew mainly west of the village and on the valley floors, and irrigated their crops with water drawn from the village springs. Olive trees covered 194 dunum of land. In the 1944/5 statistics, the village had a population of 240 Muslims, and the total land area was 2,797 dunams. 303 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, 515 dunams were for cereals, while 9 dunams were built-up (urban) Arab land.
Like the people of Abu Ghosh, the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba were known for their friendly relations with their Jewish neighbors in Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim.Benny Morris writes: "It is possible that the inhabitants of Beit Naqquba had received both an order to evacuate from Arab military commanders in Ein Karim and "strong advice" to the same effect from Lisser and Navon. But it is likely that the "advice" given in the name of the Harel Brigade, which physically controlled the area, was more potent of the two factors in precipitating the evacuation." The village was taken around the 11 April 1948 during Operation Nachshon.
Between 1948 and 1964 the inhabitants of Bayt Naqquba lived at Sataf, "under trees, because the Arabs had not allowed them to come over their lines, out of distrust and revenge". Afterwards they were allowed to stay temporarily in Abu Ghosh. In 1962, they established a new village, Ein Naqquba on some of their land south of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway.
|"||A few houses are used either as dwellings or as stables. These houses were built of stone and many had domed roofs. Stones recovered from the ruins of the village houses have been used as steps for entrances to new Jewish homes. Almond and olive trees and cactuses cover the village site. In what was probably a unique case among all the villages occupied and depopulated, a new Arab village with the same name was established south of the original site in 1962, and some refugees from the old village were allowed to live there. The old village cemetery lies about 0.5 km south of the village site. It is maintained by a more recent Arab village.||"|