|Full name||Abbey of Mary, Help of Christians|
|Mother house||St. Vincent Archabbey|
|Dedicated to||Mary, Help of Christians|
|Controlled churches||Cathedral Basilica of St. Mary|
|Founder(s)||Dom Herman Wolfe, O.S.B.|
|Abbot||The Rt. Rev. Placid Solari, O.S.B.|
|Important associated figures||Abbot-Bishop Leo Haid, O.S.B.|
|Heritage designation||National Register of Historic Places|
|Location||Belmont, North Carolina, United States|
Belmont Abbey Cathedral
|NRHP reference No.||73001343|
|Added to NRHP||April 11, 1973|
Belmont Abbey, is an American monastery of Benedictine monks in the town of Belmont, Gaston County, North Carolina, outside of Charlotte, North Carolina. The Abbey Basilica of Mary Help of Christians was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
Father Jeremiah O'Connell O.S.B. was a missionary priest who had built St. Mary's College in Columbia, South Carolina, but it had been destroyed during the Civil War.. In 1876 he bought the 500-acre former Caldwell farm and donated it to the Benedictines of Saint Vincent Archabbey in Latrobe, Pennsylvania in hopes they would establish an educational institution in North Carolina. Under the direction of Abbot Boniface Wimmer of the Bendictines set about to establish a monastery and college. The monks constructed the buildings from red clay. In 1884, the monastery was designated by the Holy See as Mary Help of Christians Abbey and Father Leo Michael Haid was elected the first abbot, a position he held until his death in 1924.
In July 1886, the first three novices professed vows and an alumnus of the college became a novice. That same year, Haid founded a seminary at Belmont. On February 4, 1888 he was appointed Vicar Apostolic of North Carolina and was consecrated bishop at the Baltimore Cathedral by Baltimore Archbishop Cardinal James Gibbons on July 1, 1888, becoming the first American abbot-bishop.
From 1910 through 1977, Belmont Abbey was a territorial abbey, exercising some functions of a diocese. It had responsibility for parishes in the North Carolina counties of Gaston, Catawba, Cleveland, Burke, Lincoln, McDowell, Polk, and Rutherford. In 1944, its territory, except for Gaston County, was given to the Diocese of Raleigh. In July 1960, Gaston County too was placed under the Diocese of Raleigh. In 1977, its status as a territorial abbey was suppressed under the Diocese of Charlotte.
Construction began on the Abbey Church of Mary Help of Christians in 1892 and was completed in 1894. The Abbey Church was dedicated 11 April 11, 1894. The church is a large cruciform plan, Gothic Revival style brick church. It has a steep gable roof and the front facade features two towers of unequal size. On July 27, 1998 the Vatican issued a decree elevating the abbey church at Belmont to the rank of a minor basilica.
Father Herman Wolfe, O.S.B. and two students arrived in April 1876. The first students graduated in 1878. In April 1886 the state of North Carolina issued Saint Mary's College a charter authorizing the abbey/school to grant degrees. Two-thirds of the College Building was destroyed by fire in 1900. Rebuilding began immediately. In 1913 Saint Mary's adopted the Belmont Abbey name.
On June 20, 2011 Belmont Abbey College broke ground for a residences for female students with or expecting children--regardless of religious affiliation--that can hold 15 babies, 15 women (who can stay for up to two years), and 8 toddlers at a time, with a shared living room, dining room, and laundry room. The residence, called "Room at the Inn" is operated by a Charlotte, North Carolina-based maternity and aftercare center of the same name.
In May 2020, the college announced it was starting a nursing program address the continuing healthcare needs in Gaston County.
On July 14, 1993 the central campus was entered on the National Register of Historic Places as the "Belmont Abbey National Historic District."
The abbey is the motherhouse to Saint Leo Abbey in Tampa, Florida, as well as Mary Mother of the Church Abbey in Richmond, Virginia. The monks also are the benefactors of Belmont Abbey College, a four-year Catholic liberal arts school. As of 2020, there are about twenty monks at Belmont Abbey.