Aerial view from the east
|Population||9,298 (2016 census)|
|o Density||364.6/km2 (944.4/sq mi)|
|Elevation||169.5 m (556 ft)|
|Area||25.5 km2 (9.8 sq mi)(ABS Community Profile)|
|LGA(s)||Rural City of Benalla|
Benalla  is a small city located on the Broken River in the High Country north-eastern region of Victoria, Australia, about 212 kilometres (130 mi) north east of the state capital Melbourne. At the 2016 census the population was 9,298.
It is the administrative centre for the Rural City of Benalla local government area.
A 1906 history recounts that prior to white settlement "as many as 400 blacks would meet together in the vicinity of Benalla to hold a corrobboree."
The area was first sighted by Europeans during an expedition of Hamilton Hume and William Hovell in 1824 and was noted as an agricultural settlement called "Swampy". The expedition was followed by that of Major Thomas Mitchell in 1834.
Docker's property was intended to lend its name to the new township ("Benalta") but through a clerical error in the Sydney Survey department it became known as 'Benalla'.
An attack by indigenous people on the camp of sheepherders George and William Faithful became known as the Faithful Massacre; eight settlers were killed in the incident. Following the massacre, in 1839 a police station was established and the name of the settlement became Broken River.
A bridge was built over the Broken River in 1847 and the following year the town was surveyed. In 1861 it was proclaimed a town.
It was proclaimed a city in 1965.
According to the 2016 census of Population, were 9,298 people in Benalla.
Benalla is situated on a mostly flat floodplain of the Broken River catchment situated directly to the north and west of the Great Dividing Range. Lake Benalla is an artificial lake created in 1973 from the Broken River as an ornamental feature for the centre of the city. Broken river forms a green belt along the north-south spine of the city. There are three major crossings of the river at Benalla. The main street in the Central Business District is Bridge Street East.
Another large artificial lake, Lake Mokoan, 7 kilometres to the north east, was decommissioned beginning in 2009, with a wetlands area being developed for visitors. To the south of the freeway is the heavily forested Reef Hills State Park.
Benalla is the seat of local government and administrative headquarters for the Rural City of Benalla.
Industries include agricultural support services, tourism, a medium density fibreboard factory, Thales Australia ammunition factory and aviation.
Benalla has two secondary schools, Benalla P-12 College (which has four campuses comprising Prep-yr 2; yr 3-6; yrs 7-9 and 10-12), FCJ College and three primary schools: Benalla P-12, St. Joseph's Primary School and Australian Christian College - Hume. McCristal's College was a private grammar school that used to existin Benalla.
The Benalla Flexible Learning Centre offers an alternative education model for students up to 22 years old also.
The Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE has a campus in Benalla which includes the Benalla Performing Arts and Convention Centre opened in 2004 by Lynne Kosky MP, the then Minister of Education and Training. The campus included GRADA, a regional academy of dramatic art offering courses in Acting, Dance and Production and now specializes in Nursing and Engineering courses with direct links to local businesses for work placements, The other GoTafe campuses in the region include at Shepparton, Wangaratta and Seymour.
The Centre for Continuing Education also offers pre-employment programs in Benalla plus Aged Care programs with practical work experience at Cooinda Village.
Benalla's cultural facilities include the Benalla Performing Arts and Convention Centre which includes a cinema and theatre. The city also has a major art gallery which forms a landmark perched over Lake Benalla on the site of the original police station. Benalla is fast becoming known as the street art capital of regional Australia with more than 50 major contemporary murals on the CBD Benalla Street Art trail, and beyond including local villages such as Goorambat and Winton Wetlands. The annual Wall to Wall Street Art Festival has been held since 2015, curated by Juddy Roller Studios, usually the week before Easter. Over one long-weekend dozens of world class artists create one giant outdoor gallery in the town. The Wall to Wall Festival also includes workshops, artist talks, live music, markets, street art tours and more. www.benallastreetart.com.au
Benalla is also home to an artist's hub known as North East Artisans - an entirely self funded, not for profit community art gallery run by volunteers. It features a shop gallery with the works of local artists, an exhibition space, artist studios and a cafe, with regular exhibitions and live music events featuring local, national and international musicians. North East Artisans recently celebrated its 5th birthday in 2019.
The Rose Festival is another annual local garden festival dating from 1967. Now called "The Benalla Festival" it is held over the first two weekends in November with dozens of free and low cost events including the community Street Parade, Music by the Lake and fireworks, and A Day in the Gardens Market held in the Benalla Botanical Gardens.
Benalla Gardens Oval is the home of the Benalla & District Cricket Association. The ground has hosted touring teams since the 19th century. In the Rural City of Benalla there are numerous cricket grounds.
Benalla is also home to the Benalla Bandits Baseball Club who compete in the North East Baseball Association, The team plays out of Racecourse Reserve, Benalla.
Benalla is home to the Gliding Club of Victoria at the State Gliding Centre located on the Benalla airfield. This club is the longest continuous operating gliding club in Australia and has played host for the World Gliding Competition in 1987 and 2016. Many of the club's members travel from Europe each summer to enjoy the warm weather and ideal soaring conditions of the region.
There is a park and walking track that circumnavigates Lake Benalla, featuring a ceramic sculpture mural community that was created as part of an employment project for local artists.
Another heritage site is Lake Benalla - the site of the former Police Station. The listed Police Members were Corp. Thomas Whitwell, Troopers John Phealy, Patrick Monahan, Thomas Cornwark and Dismounted Trooper Edward Beech; these officers were Gazetted on 30 April 1839. Benalla Police is Victoria's longest serving.
Benalla has a local newspaper, the Benalla Ensign, which is published weekly.
Health services are provided by Benalla Health, which operates a 42-bed hospital, plus a variety of Allied Health and maternal and Child Health Services. Cooinda Village Aged Care offers best practice care for residents, particularly dementia sufferers plus in home, independent living and high needs care.
Benalla is just over 2 hours from Melbourne by road or train. Located at the intersection of the M31 Hume Freeway (north-south) and the A300 Midland Hwy (east-west) Road transport and the motor vehicle is the main form of transport The Hume Freeway (National Highway M31) by-passes Benalla to the south, while the Midland Highway (A300) runs through the city centre. The road system is also the main form of public transport. Benalla Bus Lines run a service every hour on each of two routes, servicing the west and east sides of the city. Its main terminal is at the ANZ Bank in Nunn St.
Rail transport includes both passenger rail and freight rail. The city's only station is Benalla railway station which is on the North East railway line. The Albury V/Line rail service stops at Benalla as does the twice daily NSW TrainLink XPT service to and from Central railway station, Sydney.
Benalla Airport YBLA (BLN) began life as a major RAAF training base during World War II and now also serves as the home of the Gliding Club of Victoria as well as a ballooning & ultralight centre and the Benalla Aviation Museum.
Water is supplied by North East Water. The main water supply is Loombah Weir and McCall Say Reservoir in the Ryan's Creek Catchment approximately 13 kilometres south of the city with a total 1800 megalitre capacity.