Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Clockwise from top left: Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School; Indian Statistical Institute; Ganges River at Kuthi ghat; Belghoria Expressway; Kripamayee Kali Temple
|Etymology: Bengali: ? ("city of hogs")|
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Railway station||Baranagar Road|
|Established||1869(as North Suburban Municipality) |
1889 (as Baranagar Municipality)
|o Body||Baranagar Municipality|
|o Municipality Chairman||Aparna Moulik|
|o MLA||Tapas Roy|
(State Minister of West Bengal)
|o Total||7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|o Rank||19th (in West Bengal)|
187th (in India)
|o Official||Bengali, English|
|o Literacy rate||91.41%|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Vehicle registration||WB-23, WB-24|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Baranagar|
|Precipitation||1,770 millimetres (70 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||31.7 °C (89.1 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||22.2 °C (72.0 °F)|
|Sex ratio||1000/943 (1.06)|
Baranagar or Baranagore ([a]BAR-a-na-gar, Bengali: ['b?ranor] [b]) is a city and municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).
It is home to the Indian Statistical Institute, an institution of national importance devoted to the research, teaching and application of statistics, natural sciences and social sciences.Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School is one of the oldest and most renowned schools in Baranagar and North 24 Parganas.
Baranagar is a major industrial centre for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, chemicals, castor oil, and matches; there are also numerous cotton-processing companies.
The word Baranagar derives from the Bengali term Barahanagore (Bengali), meaning "City of the Hogs". (?: hog, : city) Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export.
There are several explanations for the etymology of this name:
Baranagar Municipality was established in 1869; it is one of the oldest municipalities in India. The Dutch had homes here in the seventeenth century.Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the extensive jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags. A major road (Surya Sen Road) parallel to the Hooghly river connects Baranagar Bazaar with Dakshineswar. In between temples such as Kaancher Mandir (i.e. Glass Temple),Joy Mitra Kali Bari and Pathbari are located.
In Kuthighat (Baranagar), still there is an old house/lodge of Dutch merchants.
|Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
More particularly to say, the boundary of Baranagar is :- in the east - the Rail line from Sealdah towards Krishnanagar; in the west - the holy river Ganga, in the north - Dakshineshwar and PWD Road and in the south - Cossipore and Sinthee. Dakshineshwar Kali Temple lies just a quarter of a mile from this place. There are many Ganga ghats in Baranagar for example Pramanic ghat, Kuthighat, Kancher mandir or glass temple ghat etc.
96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.
In summer, i.e. from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperatures range from a maximum of 35 °C (95 °F) to a minimum of 26 °C (79 °F).
Monsoon season prevails during beginning-June to mid-September. Also retrieving monsoon from mid-October till mid-November
The weather is quite pleasant, the summers and winters are moderate. The level of moisture increases during summers.
|Climate data for Baranagar|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.4
|Average low °C (°F)||13.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||20
|Average rainy days||4||3||4||6||12||18||23||22||18||11||3||1||125|
|Source: Baranagar Weather|
|Population of Baranagar|
As per the 2011 Census of India, Baranagar had a total population of 245,213, of which 126,187 (51%) were males and 119,026 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 16,825. The total number of literates in Baranagar was 208,779 (91.41% of the population over 6 years), male literates are 110,118 (93.69%) and female literates are 98,661 (89%).
As of 2001 Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.India census,
The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).
As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Baranagar Municipal city covered an area of 7.12 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 160.23 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 55 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 49 primary schools, 33 middle schools, 33 secondary schools, many higher secondary schools and 2 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 2 cinema/theatres and 2 auditorium/ community halls. It had 20 bank branches.
Baranagar is also economically enriched for "Baranagar Jute Mill". Hessian, sacking, fabrics, carpets and bags from jute (Corchorus spp) are manufactured in here. It is one of the oldest jute mills. The Service Sector includes the rest of the Economy.
Baranagar Road railway station is situated in Baranagar. It is a Kolkata suburban railway station. It is one of the oldest railway station. Sealdah - Dankuni line's trains pass through this station.
Noapara metro station is situated at Noapara in Baranagar. It is Kolkata Metro's largest station. The extension of Kolkata Metro Line 1 from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010-11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress. Baranagar metro station is under construction adjacent to Baranagar Road railway station. As of July 2018, the earliest it can be expected to be in operation is September 2019, but may get delayed up to early 2020.
Barrackpore Trunk Road (part of both SH 1 and SH 2) passes through Baranagar.Belghoria Expressway also passes through Baranagar. Dunlop Crossing is one of the largest crossings near Kolkata which connects Kolkata with Northern suburban areas and Howrah, Hooghly. Another important road is Gopal Lal Tagore Road which is connected to B.T. Road at Sinthee More (via Kashi Nath Dutta Road), at Tobin More (via Baghajatin Road) and also at Dunlop. Gopal Lal Tagore Road is also connected to Dakshineswar via Deshbandhu Road-Surya Sen Road (through Alambazar). Many buses ply along all these roads.
Baranagar houses the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute at Bonhooghly. It is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament. Established in 1931, this public university of India is focused on statistics.
Colleges of Baranagar are:
Baranagar is also home to many schools providing quality education to the local and neighbourhood people.
Following hospitals are located in Baranagar:
Baranagar Math near Pramanick ghat is the place where Swami Vivekananda and a few other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna Dev started their spiritual journey that culminated in forming the monastic order later located at Belur Math, the present headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission. Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, and Kouleswar Mandir. Pathbari Mandir is a place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly five hundred years ago here. In Baranagar a math has been set up very recently, called Alambazar Math in the heritage building where Swami Vivekananda first put up after coming back from abroad. The Annapurna Temple and the newly built Omkarnath Temple are also other two attractions of the "Mahamilan Math".Trailanga Swami Math is also here in Baranagar at Vidyayatan Sarani. There is also an old kalibari in Baranagar Bazar and one in Kutighat and Pramanicghat.
Baranagar has a gurdwara named "Dunlop Gurudwara" near Dunlop Bridge, a church named "St. James' Church, Baranagar" near Sinthee More along with many mosques.
Many sport academies and sporting clubs are situated in Baranagar:
Several educational institutions, religious places, pilgrims, heritage buildings, places of Baranagar are tourist attractions of many people:
Besides these, many people come in Baranagar every year in Durga Puja period, in the time of "Ajanta Circus".