Bernardino Cirillo
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Bernardino Cirillo

Bernardino Cirillo Franco (May 20, 1500 - June 19, 1575), also called Bernardino Cirillo and Cyrilo Franco, was a Roman Catholic bishop of Loreto, Italy.[1]

He was born in the city of L'Aquila, Italy on May 20, 1500. His father was Pietro Sante de' Cirilli and his mother was Gemma Bucci.[2]

He participated in the Council of Trent and was interested in improving Church music. He published litanies to the Virgin Mary.[1][3] Cirillo advocated a return to the simplicity and harmony of the earlier forms of Church music rather than elaborate forms of organ music.[4]

Cirillo attacked "modern" church music in a 1549 letter to Ugolino Gualteruzzi.[1][5] In 1649, King John IV of Portugal wrote a treatise entitled Defense of modern music against the mistaken opinion of Bishop Cyrilo Franco [i.e., Bernardino Cirillo],[6] presenting a point-by-point rebuttal of Cirillo's letter.[7]

He died in Rome on June 19, 1575.[2]


  • Cirillo, Bernardino (1570). Annali della città dell'Aquila, con l'historie del suo tempo [Annals of the city of L'Aquila, with the history of its time] (in Italian). Appresso Giulio Accolto.


  1. ^ a b c Buelow, George J. (2004). A History of Baroque Music. Indiana University Press. p. 14. ISBN 9780253343659. Bishop Bernardino Cirillo Franco (c. 1500-1575) wrote, in a letter of 1549, thoughts about sacred music
  2. ^ a b CIRILLO, Bernardino. Treccani. Biographical Dictionary of Italians (in Italian). 25. 1981.
  3. ^ Catholic encyclopedia
  4. ^ Art and music in the early modern period by Franca Trinchieri Camiz 2003 ISBN 0-7546-0689-9 page 81
  5. ^ Stevenson, Robert (1961). Spanish Cathedral Music in the Golden Age. University of California Press. p. 333. Bishop Cirillo Franco's attack on 'modern' church music, first published in
  6. ^ John IV, King of Portugal (1965) [1649]. Ribeiro, Mário de Sampayo (ed.). Defensa de la musica moderna contra la errada opinion del Obispo Cyrilo Franco [Defense of modern music against the mistaken opinion of Bishop Cyrilo Franco]. Acta Universitatis Conimbrigensis (in Spanish) (reprint ed.). Portugal: University of Coimbra. ISBN 9789726160564. OCLC 258290532.View digitized copy of originai 1649 book
  7. ^ d'Alvarenga, João Pedro. "The Debate on Musical Aesthetics around 1600 and the Defensa de la mvsica moderna by King João IV (1649)". p. 237. Defensa de la musica moderna, a short treatise written in 1649 by the Portuguese King João IV as a point by point response to Bishop Bernardo Cirillo's famous mid-sixteenth-century letter ... In 'New Music' 1400-1600: Papers from an International Colloquium on the Theory, Authorship and Transmission of Music in the Age of the Renaissance (Lisbon-Évora, 27-29 May 2003), ed. João Pedro d'Alvarenga e Manuel Pedro Ferreira, Lisboa, Évora: CESEM, Centro de História da Arte e Investigação Artística, Casa do Sul.

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