Bishopric of Chur
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Bishopric of Chur
Prince-Bishopric of Chur

Bistum Chur (de)
Chapitel catedral da Cuira (rm)
Principato vescovile di Coira (it)
1170-1803
of Chur
Coat of arms
CapitalChur
Religion
Roman Catholic
GovernmentPrince-Bishopric
Bishop 
Historical eraMedieval
o Established
1170
o Disestablished
1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by

The Prince-Bishopric of Chur (German: Hochstift Chur, Fürstbistum Chur, Bistum Chur) was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire, and had Imperial immediacy. They were the leader of the League of God's House.[1] The Prince-Bishopric of Chur controlled contiguous land from the city of Chur, to Engadin, and to Vinschgau.[2]

History

The Bishopric of Chur was first founded in 451, when Asinio was made Bishop of Chur.[3] In 1170, Emperor Frederick I raised the Bishopric of Chur to the title of Prince-Bishopric of Chur.[4] In October 1621, Colonel Baldiron of Austria attacked the Prince-Bishopric of Chur, and the League of God's House as a whole, with 8,000 men. On November 22 of the same year, Baldiron and his soldiers captured Chur. In the ensuing peace deal, Austria took the Lower Engadine from Chur, and retained the right to station troops in Chur, and use their roads.[5] On October 27, 1624, an army of 8,000 French and Swiss soldiers attacked the Austrians stationed at Chur, lead by the marquis de Coeuvres. Because Austria had pulled much of her garrison back during spring, the 8,000 strong army quickly overtook the Austrian skeleton garrison, and seized Chur and the surrounding land.[6] During the time of the Transalpine campaigns of the Old Swiss Confederacy, the Prince-Bishopric of Chur took control of Valtellina, Bormio, and Chiavenna.[7]

Religion

As an ecclesiastical state, their leader was appointed by the Pope. It is, however, known that at least once, in 1440, the Bishop-elect requested confirmation from the Archbishop of Mainz, rather than the current pope, Eugenius IV.[8] In 1441 Heinrich von Höwen, who was already the Bishop of Constance, became the Bishop of Chur as well.[9] On 12 January 1447, Pope Eugenius IV issued a papal bull to Emperor Frederick III, allowing him to nominate bishops for Chur, for the rest of his life.[10]

Bishops

  • Asinio: 451-?[3]
  • Valentinian: ?-548[11]
  • Adalglott II: 1150 - October 1160[12]
  • Henry II: 1180-1193[13]
  • Arnold II: 1210-24 December 1221[14][15]
  • Rudolf II: 1223-1226[15]
  • Berthold: 1226-25 August 1233[16][15]
  • Ulrich IV: 1233-1237[15]
  • Volcnand: 1238-1251[15]
  • Heinrich von Höwen: 1441-?[9]

References

Citations

  1. ^ Oechsli 2013, p. 64.
  2. ^ Oechsli 2013, p. 11.
  3. ^ a b Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Büsching 1762, p. 255.
  5. ^ Oechsli 2013, p. 190.
  6. ^ Oechsli 2013, p. 192.
  7. ^ Oechsli 2013, p. 40.
  8. ^ Stieber 1978, p. 171.
  9. ^ a b Stieber 1978, p. 478.
  10. ^ Stieber 1978, pp. 282-283.
  11. ^ Dopsch 2013, p. 254.
  12. ^ Walsh 2007, p. 8.
  13. ^ Napran 2005, p. 89.
  14. ^ Pixton 1995, p. 303.
  15. ^ a b c d e Pixton 1995, p. 195.
  16. ^ Pixton 1995, p. 403.

Books

  • Büsching, Anton Friedrich (1762). A New System of Geography. Oxford. ISBN 9781371415914.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dopsch, Alfons (2013). The Economic and Social Foundations of European Civilization. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781135032388.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Napran, Laura (2005). Chronicle of Hainaut. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843831204.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Oechsli, Wilhelm (2013). History of Switzerland, 1499-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107629332.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pixton, Paul B. (1995). The German Episcopacy and the Implementation of the Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council: 1216-1245 : Watchmen on the Tower. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9789004102620.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Stieber, Joachim W. (1978). Pope Eugenius IV, The Council of Basel and the Secular and Ecclesiastical Authorities in the Empire: the Conflict Over Supreme Authority and Power in the Church. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9789004052406.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Walsh, Michael (2007). A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West. Collegeville: Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814631867.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Websites


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