Bishopric of Pomesania
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Bishopric of Pomesania
Diocese of Pomesania

Dioecesis Pomesaniensis
Kwidzyn Cathedral.jpg
Former Cathedral in Kwidzyn, now Co-Cathedral of the Diocese of Elbl?g
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Pomesania
Coat of arms
Location
Ecclesiastical provinceRiga
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteLatin Rite
Established1243
Dissolved16th century
CathedralKwidzyn Cathedral
Leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopAdam Wodarczyk

The Bishopric of Pomesania (German: Bistum Pomesanien; Polish: Diecezja pomeza?ska) was a Catholic diocese in the Prussian regions of Pomesania and Pogesania, in modern northern Poland until the 16th century, then shortly a Lutheran diocese, and became a Latin titular see.

The former Cathedral and Castle of Pomesanian Cathedral Chapter complex in Kwidzyn is listed as a Historic Monument of Poland.[1]

Catholic diocese

Banner used in the Battle of Grunwald (1410)

It was founded as one of four Roman Catholic dioceses in Prussia in 1243 by the papal legate William of Modena.

The bishops, whose seat was Riesenburg (Prabuty), ruled one third of diocesan territory as his temporality. The diocesan cathedral chapter met in the fortified cathedral of Marienwerder (Kwidzyn). In the 1280s the Teutonic Order succeeded to impose the simultaneous membership of all capitular canons in the Order thus winning influence in the diocese and in the capitular elections of the bishops. So the temporality of Pomesania's bishop did not develop the status of a prince-bishopric and was ruled as part of Teutonic Prussia. In 1454, the region was incorporated by King Casimir IV Jagiellon into the Kingdom of Poland upon the request of the anti-Teutonic Prussian Confederation.[2] The Bishop and canons of Pomesania pledged allegiance to the Polish King during the incorporation in March 1454 in Kraków.[3] After the subsequent Thirteen Years' War (1454-1466) between Poland and the Teutonic Order, the region was recognized as part of Poland as a fief held by the Teutonic Knights.[4]

Beginning in 1523 during the Protestant Reformation, the diocese was effectively administered by Lutheran bishops until 1587, when the diocese was secularized by the regent of Ducal Prussia, George Frederick.

However the Catholic diocese was only formally suppressed in 1763, having remained vacant since 1524 except for 'temporary' Apostolic administrators since 1601.

The diocesan area outside of Ducal Prussia remained Catholic and on 1601.04.19 joined the Roman Catholic Diocese of Che?mno.

Catholic resident bishops

Catholic Apostolic administrators

The apostolic administration was thereafter vested in many nearly successive Bishops of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Che?mno
  • Wawrzyniec Gembicki (1601.04.19 - 1610.04.19) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland) (1600.11.10 - 1610.04.19); later Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1610.04.19 - 1616.03.14), Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland (1616.03.14 - death 1624.02.10)
  • Maciej Konopacki (1611-1613), while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland)
  • Jan Kuczborski (1614-1624) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland)
  • Jakub Zadzik (1624.12.02 - 1635.11.29) while Bishop of Che?mno; later Bishop of Kraków (Poland) (1635.11.29 - death 1642.03.17)
  • Jan Lipski (1636-1639) while Bishop of Che?mno (1636 - 1639); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland (1639 - death 1641)
  • Kasper Dzia?y?ski (1639-1646) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland)
  • Andrzej Leszczy?ski (1646.12.03 - 1653.01.08) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland) ([1646.05.04] 1646.12.03 - 1653.01.08); previously Bishop of Kamieniec Podolski (Poland) (1641.12.16 - 1646.12.03); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland (1653.01.08 - 1658.04.15)
  • Jan Gembicki (1653.04.21 - 1655.05.11) while Bishop of Che?mno; next Bishop of P?ock (Poland) (1655.05.11 - 1674.03.13), Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1674.03.13 - death 1675.03)
  • Adam Kos (1657.11.11 - death 1661.02.11) while Bishop of Che?mno
  • Andrzej Olszowski (1661.08.08 - 1674.10.01) while Bishop of Che?mno (1661.02.23] 1661.08.08 - 1674.06.26); next Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland ([1674.06.26] 1674.10.01 - 1677.08.29)
  • Jan Kazimierz Opali?ski, Cistercians (O. Cist.) (1681.11.17 - death 1693.07.22) while Bishop of Che?mno (1681.06.23] 1681.11.17 - 1693.07.22); previously Titular Bishop of Diocletiana (1680.01.08 - 1681.11.17) as Coadjutor Bishop of Pozna? (Poland) (1680.01.08 - 1681.11.17)
  • Kazimierz Szczuka (1693.10.05 - death 1694.06.30) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1693.10.02] 1693.10.05 - 1694.06.30)
  • Teodor Andrzej Potocki (1699.04.11 - 1712.06.10) while Bishop of Che?mno; later Bishop of Warmia (Poland) ([1711.11.16] 1712.06.10 - 1723.11.22), Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Sambia (Prussia) (1712.06.10 - 1723.11.22), Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland ([1723.01.09] 1723.11.22 - death 1738.11.12)
  • Jan Kazimierz de Alten Bokum (1719.07.30 - 1721.06.30) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1718.06.27] 1719.07.30 - 1721.06.30); previously Bishop of Przemy?l (Poland) (1701.07.18 - 1719.07.30)
  • Feliks Ignacy Kretowski (1723.08.30 - death 1730.12.06) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1722.11.20] 1723.08.30 - 1730.12.06)
  • Andrzej Stanis?aw Za?uski (?1723.11.22 - 1736.11.19) while Bishop of P?ock (Poland) (1723.11.22 - 1736.11.19); later Bishop of ?uck (Poland) (1736.11.19 - 1739.07.20), Bishop of Che?mno ([1739.03.08] 1739.07.20 - 1746.05.02), Bishop of Kraków (Poland) ([1746.03.12] 1746.05.02 - death 1758.12.16)
  • Tomasz Franciszek Czapski, O. Cist. (1730.12.06 - 1733.04.23) while Bishop of Che?mno; succeeded as former Titular Bishop of Diana (1726.07.01 - 1730.12.06) as Coadjutor Bishop of Che?mno (1726.07.01 - 1730.12.06)
  • Adam Stanis?aw Grabowski (1736.09.26 - 1739.07.15) while Bishop of Che?mno; previously Titular Bishop of Nilopolis (1733.06.22 - 1736.09.26) as Auxiliary Bishop of Pozna? (Poland) (1733.06.22 - 1736.09.26); later Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1739.07.15 - 1741.09.18), Bishop of Warmia (Poland) ([1741.04.14] 1741.09.18 - death 1766.12.15), Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Sambia (Prussia) (1741.09.18 - 1766.12.15)
  • Wojciech Stanis?aw Leski, O. Cist. (1747.04.10 - death 1758.09.19) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1746.10.17] 1747.04.10 - 1758.09.19)
  • Andrzej Ignacy Baier (1759.02.12 - 1763) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1758.11.18] 1759.02.12 - death 1785.01.31).

Latin titular see

Adam Wodarczyk, titular Bishop of Pomesania since 2014

In October 2014 the Catholic diocese was nominally restored as Titular bishopric of Pomezania (Polish) / Pomesania (Curiate Italian) / Pomesanien (German) / Latin adjective Pomesanien(sis).

It has had the following incumbent(s), so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

Lutheran bishopric

Beginning in 1523 during the Protestant Reformation, the diocese was effectively administered by Lutheran bishops. In 1587, the diocese was secularized by the regent of Ducal Prussia, George Frederick.

The Lutheran incumbents were :

References

  1. ^ Rozporz?dzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 20 kwietnia 2018 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Kwidzyn - zespó? katedralno-zamkowy", Dz. U. z 2018 r. poz. 930
  2. ^ Górski, Karol (1949). Zwi?zek Pruski i poddanie si? Prus Polsce: zbiór tekstów ?ród?owych (in Polish). Pozna?: Instytut Zachodni. p. 54.
  3. ^ Górski, pp. 71-73
  4. ^ Górski, pp. 96-97, 214-215

External links


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