Bishopric of Pomesania
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Bishopric of Pomesania
Banner used in the Battle of Grunwald (1410)

The Bishopric of Pomesania (German: Bistum Pomesanien; Polish: Diecezja pomeza?ska) was a Catholic diocese in the Prussian regions of Pomesania and Pogesania, in northern modern Poland until the 16th century, then shortly a Lutheran diocese, and became a Latin titular see.

Coat of arms of the Bishopric

Catholic diocese

Situation of the Bishopric (abbrev. P.) within the Prussian Deutschordensland of 1410

It was founded as one of four Roman Catholic dioceses in Prussia in 1243 by the papal legate William of Modena.

The bishops, whose seat was Riesenburg (Prabuty), ruled one third of diocesan territory as his temporality. The diocesan cathedral chapter met in the fortified cathedral of Marienwerder (Kwidzyn). In the 1280s the Teutonic Order succeeded to impose the simultaneous membership of all capitular canons in the Order thus winning influence in the diocese and in the capitular elections of the bishops. So the temporality of Pomesania's bishop did not develop the status of a prince-bishopric and was ruled as part of Teutonic Prussia.

Beginning in 1523 during the Protestant Reformation, the diocese was effectively administered by Lutheran bishops until 1587, when the diocese was secularized by the regent of Ducal Prussia, George Frederick.

However the Catholic diocese was only formally suppressed in 1763, having remained vacant since 1524 except for 'temporary' Apostolic administrators since 1601.

The diocesan area outside of Ducal Prussia remained Catholic and on 1601.04.19 joined the Roman Catholic Diocese of Che?mno (Bishopric of Kulm=Culm in German; now Peplin in Polish).

Catholic resident bishops

The former cathedral at Kwidzyn

Catholic Apostolic administrators

The apostolic administration was thereafter vested in many nearly successive Bishops of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Che?mno
  • Wawrzyniec Gembicki (1601.04.19 - 1610.04.19) while Bishop of Diocese of Che?mno (Poland) (1600.11.10 - 1610.04.19); later Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1610.04.19 - 1616.03.14), Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Gnesen, Poland) (1616.03.14 - death 1624.02.10)
  • Maciej Konopacki (1611 - 1613), while Bishop of Diocese of Che?mno (Poland) (1611 - 1613)
  • Jan Kuczborski (1614 - 1624) while Bishop of Diocese of Che?mno (Poland) (1614 - 1624)
  • Jakub Zadzik (1624.12.02 - 1635.11.29) while Bishop of Che?mno (1624.12.02 - 1635.11.29); later Bishop of Kraków (Poland) (1635.11.29 - death 1642.03.17)
  • Jan Lipski (1636 - 1639) while Bishop of Che?mno (1636 - 1639); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Gnesen, Poland) (1639 - death 1641)
  • Kasper Dzia?y?ski (1639 - 1646) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland) (1639 - 1646)
  • Andrzej Leszczy?ski (1646.12.03 - 1653.01.08) while Bishop of Che?mno (Poland) ([1646.05.04] 1646.12.03 - 1653.01.08); previously Bishop of Kamyanets-Podilsky (Ukraine) (1641.12.16 - 1646.12.03); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Gnesen, Poland) (1653.01.08 - 1658.04.15)
  • Jan Gembicki (1653.04.21 - 1655.05.11) while Bishop of Che?mno (1653.04.21 - 1655.05.11); next Bishop of P?ock (Poland) (1655.05.11 - 1674.03.13), Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1674.03.13 - death 1675.03)
  • Adam Kos (1657.11.11 - death 1661.02.11) while Bishop of Che?mno (1657.11.11 - 1661.02.11)
  • Andrzej Olszowski (1661.08.08 - 1674.10.01) while Bishop of Che?mno (1661.02.23] 1661.08.08 - 1674.06.26); next Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Gnesen, Poland) ([1674.06.26] 1674.10.01 - 1677.08.29)
  • Jan Kazimierz Opali?ski, Cistercians (O. Cist.) (1681.11.17 - death 1693.07.22) while Bishop of Che?mno (1681.06.23] 1681.11.17 - 1693.07.22); previously Titular Bishop of Diocletiana (1680.01.08 - 1681.11.17) as Coadjutor Bishop of Pozna? (Posen, Poland) (1680.01.08 - 1681.11.17)
  • Kazimierz Szczuka (1693.10.05 - death 1694.06.30) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1693.10.02] 1693.10.05 - 1694.06.30)
  • Teodor Andrzej Potocki (1699.04.11 - 1712.06.10) while Bishop of Che?mno (1699.04.11 - 1712.06.10); later Bishop of Warmia (Poland) ([1711.11.16] 1712.06.10 - 1723.11.22), Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Sambia (Russia) (1712.06.10 - 1723.11.22), Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Gnesen, Poland) ([1723.01.09] 1723.11.22 - death 1738.11.12)
  • Jan Kazimierz de Alten Bokum (1719.07.30 - 1721.06.30) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1718.06.27] 1719.07.30 - 1721.06.30); previously Bishop of Przemy?l (Poland) (1701.07.18 - 1719.07.30)
  • Feliks Ignacy Kretowski (1723.08.30 - death 1730.12.06) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1722.11.20] 1723.08.30 - 1730.12.06)
  • Andrzej Stanis?aw Za?uski (?1723.11.22 - 1736.11.19) while Bishop of P?ock (Poland) (1723.11.22 - 1736.11.19); later Bishop of Luck (Ukraine) (1736.11.19 - 1739.07.20), Bishop of Che?mno ([1739.03.08] 1739.07.20 - 1746.05.02), Bishop of Kraków (Poland) ([1746.03.12] 1746.05.02 - death 1758.12.16)
  • Thomaz Franciszek Czapski, O. Cist. (1730.12.06 - 1733.04.23) while Bishop of Che?mno (1730.12.06 - 1733.04.23); succeeded as former Titular Bishop of Diana (1726.07.01 - 1730.12.06) as Coadjutor Bishop of Che?mno (1726.07.01 - 1730.12.06)
  • Adam Stanis?aw Grabowski (1736.09.26 - 1739.07.15) while Bishop of Che?mno (1736.09.26 - 1739.07.15); previously Titular Bishop of Nilopolis (1733.06.22 - 1736.09.26) as Auxiliary Bishop of Pozna? (Posen, Poland) (1733.06.22 - 1736.09.26); later Bishop of Kujawy-Pomorze (Poland) (1739.07.15 - 1741.09.18), Bishop of Warmia (Poland) ([1741.04.14] 1741.09.18 - death 1766.12.15), Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Sambia (Russia) (1741.09.18 - 1766.12.15)
  • Wojciech Stanis?aw Leski, O. Cist. (1747.04.10 - death 1758.09.19) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1746.10.17] 1747.04.10 - 1758.09.19)
  • Andrzej Ignacy Baier (1759.02.12 - 1763) while Bishop of Che?mno ([1758.11.18] 1759.02.12 - death 1785.01.31).

Latin titular see

In October 2014 the Catholic diocese was nominally restored as Titular bishopric of Pomezania (Polish) / Pomesania (Curiate Italian) / Pomesanien (German) / Latin adjective Pomesanien(sis).

It has had the following incumbent(s), so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

Lutheran bishopric

Beginning in 1523 during the Protestant Reformation, the diocese was effectively administered by Lutheran bishops. In 1587, the diocese was secularized by the regent of Ducal Prussia, George Frederick.

The Lutheran incumbents were :

References

External links


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