Blackville, South Carolina
Location of Blackville, South Carolina
|o Total||9.0 sq mi (23.4 km2)|
|o Land||8.9 sq mi (23.1 km2)|
|o Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||292 ft (89 m)|
|o Density||269/sq mi (104.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1246909|
The town was named after Alexander Black, a railroad promoter.
On December 22, 1781, a band of British Loyalists fought with a group of local Patriots two miles north of Blackville. The location, called Windy Hill at that time, is slightly east of the present-day Healing Springs Park and Church. The commanding officer was Captain Benjamin Odom, Jr. who was a member of Colonel William Harden's regiment. Sixteen Patriots were killed. Major "Bloody Bill" Cunningham was believed to be the commander of the Tory company. The area was known for many years as "Slaughter Hill".
Blackville is located in northeastern Barnwell County at U.S. Route 78 passes through the town, leading west 31 miles (50 km) to Aiken and east 15 miles (24 km) to Bamberg. South Carolina Highway 3 leads southwest 9 miles (14 km) to Barnwell, the county seat.(33.357078, -81.272649).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Blackville has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.4 km2), of which 8.9 square miles (23.1 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.13%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,973 people, 1,145 households, and 800 families residing in the town. The population density was 324.7 people per square mile (125.3/km²). There were 1,332 housing units at an average density of 145.5 per square mile (56.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 23.65% White, 75.61% Black, 0.07% Indian, 0.20% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 1,145 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $21,316, and the median income for a family was $28,537. Males had a median income of $25,150 versus $20,742 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,881. About 27.0% of families and 29.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 28.5% of those age 65 or over.
Education facilities in Blackville include Macedonia Elementary School, Blackville-Hilda Junior High School, Blackville-Hilda High School, Jefferson Davis Academy, Calvary Fellowship Mennonite, Bamberg/Barnwell County Adult Education, and Barnwell Christian School.