Bo%C5%BEena N%C4%9Bmcova
Get Bo%C5%BEena N%C4%9Bmcov%C3%A1 essential facts below. View Videos or join the Bo%C5%BEena N%C4%9Bmcov%C3%A1 discussion. Add Bo%C5%BEena N%C4%9Bmcov%C3%A1 to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Bo%C5%BEena N%C4%9Bmcov%C3%A1
Bo?ena N?mcová
Bo?ena N?mcová - engraving by Jan Vilímek
Bo?ena N?mcová - engraving by Jan Vilímek
BornBarbora Novotná
(1820-02-04)4 February 1820 ?
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died21 January 1862(1862-01-21) (aged 41)
Prague, Austrian Empire
Resting placeVy?ehrad Cemetery
Literary movementCzech National Revival
Notable works
Josef N?mec
(m. 1837)


Bo?ena N?mcová (Czech pronunciation: ['bona 'mtsova:]) (4 February 1820[] in Vienna - 21 January 1862 in Prague) was a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.

Her image features on the 500 CZK denomination of the banknotes of the Czech koruna.


According to the dating up to now accepted by the majority of Czech authors, Bo?ena N?mcová was born in 1820 as Barbara Pankel (or Barbora Panklová according to the usual Czech name-giving for women) in Vienna as a daughter of Johann Pankel from Lower Austria and Teresie Novotná, a maid of Bohemian origin. In her childhood she lived near the small town of Ratibo?ice, where her grandmother Magdalena Novotná played an important part in her life. N?mcová would later write her most famous novel with the main character inspired by her grandmother.

When she was 17 years old, she married Josef N?mec, fifteen years her senior, who worked as a customs officer and was therefore a state employee. The marriage was arranged by Barbora's parents and became an unhappy one, as the married couple did not understand each other very well. N?mec was said to be a rude and authoritarian man. He was a Bohemian patriot, which did not sit well with his superiors, and he was often transferred to different locations and later lost his job. The couple had four children and suffered from a lack of money. N?mcová died in poverty, estranged from her husband. She is said to have been in an intimate relationship with the poet Václav Bolemír Nebeský.[1] The Bohemian patriots arranged a magnificent funeral for her.

Speculations on Bo?ena N?mcová's real origin

Some authors question the birthdate (the preserved documents differ) and the real origin of Bo?ena N?mcová. According to one hypothesis, N?mcová could have been born three to four years earlier than previously thought, and been an illegitimate daughter of Wilhelmine, Duchess of Sagan (1781-1839). Helena Sobková, a writer of popular-history books about N?mcová, believes that N?mcová may actually have been the niece of Wilhelmine. In 1816 an illegitimate daughter was born to Wilhelmine's younger sister, Dorothée de Talleyrand-Périgord, and Count Karel Jan Clam-Martinic (1792-1840) in Bourbon-l'Archambault (a French spa). The child was not officially recognized by its mother; it was registered as Marie-Henriette Dessalles.[2] The child's further fate is unknown, and it is possible that Duchess Wilhelmine of Sagan later gave the girl to N?mcová's parents to raise her as their own child under the name Barbora Panklová.

None of these speculations, however, have been definitely proven by serious historical research.

Grave of Bo?ena N?mcová in Vy?ehrad Cemetery



  • Babi?ka (The Grandmother) (1855) - N?mcová's best-known novel about a young girl named Barunka (a pet form of Barbora) and her childhood with her grandmother in the countryside. The book was inspired by N?mcová's own childhood in the village of Ratibo?ice, where she lived with her parents, siblings and maternal grandmother Magdalena Novotná.
  • Pohorská vesnice (The village under mountains) (1855)

Fairy tales and legends

  • Chý?e pod horami
  • O dvanácti m?sí?kách
  • Národní báchorky a pov?sti (National Stories and Legends)
  • Slovenské pohádky a pov?sti (Slovak Fairy Tales and Legends)
  • Selská politika (Country Politics)
  • Hospodyn? na sloví?ko
  • Dopisy z lázní Franti?kových (The Letters from Franzenbad)
  • Listy p?ítele p?ítelkyni
  • Silný Ctibor
  • Dev?t k?í (Nine Crosses)


  1. ^ Wilma Abeles Iggers, Women of Prague: Ethnic Diversity and Social Change from the Eighteenth Century to the Present, Berghahn Books, Providence 1995, p. 87, ISBN 1-57181-008-0.
  2. ^ See Johannes Willms, "Talleyrand: Virtuose der Macht", C.H. Beck, Munich 2011, p. 226.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes