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Boris Tadi%C4%87

Boris Tadi?
Boris Tadic 2010 Cropped.jpg
3rd President of Serbia

11 July 2004 - 5 April 2012
Vojislav Ko?tunica
Mirko Cvetkovi?
Predrag Markovi? (Acting)
Slavica ?uki? Dejanovi? (Acting)
Minister of Defence
(Serbia and Montenegro)

17 March 2003 - 16 April 2004
PresidentSvetozar Marovi?
Velimir Radojevi?
Prvoslav Davini?
Minister of Telecommunications
(Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)

4 November 2000 - 7 March 2003
Zoran ?i?i?
Dragi?a Pe?i?
Ivan Markovi?
Position abolished
Personal details
Born (1958-01-15) 15 January 1958 (age 62)
Sarajevo, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia
Political partySocial Democratic Party (2014-present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic Party (1990-2014)
Spouse(s)
Veselinka Zastavnikovi?
(m. 1980; div. 1996)

Tatjana Rodi? (m. 1997)
Children
  • Ma?a
  • Vanja
MotherNevenka Tadi?
FatherLjubomir Tadi?
Alma materUniversity of Belgrade
Signature

Boris Tadi? (Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [b?ris t?di:t], Serbian Cyrillic: ; born 15 January 1958) is a Serbian politician who served as President of Serbia from 2004 to 2012. He was elected to his first term on 27 June 2004, when Serbia was part of Serbia and Montenegro, and re-elected for a second term on 3 February 2008, this time as president of independent Serbia. He resigned on 5 April 2012 in order to trigger an early election. Prior to his presidency, Tadi? served as the last Minister of Telecommunications of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and as the first Minister of Defence of Serbia and Montenegro. He is a psychologist by profession.

Tadi? was a member of the Democratic Party since its establishment in 1990, and its president since 2004. Following his defeat in the 2012 presidential election and poor party ratings, he stepped down in November 2012, to take the position of the party's Honorary President. After a split with the new leadership in January 2014, Tadi? left the Democratic Party and formed his own New Democratic Party (later renamed Social Democratic Party) for the 2014 parliamentary election.

Tadi? strongly advocates close ties with the European Union (EU) and Serbia's European integration.[1] During his presidency, the EU has abolished visas for Serbian citizens traveling to the Schengen Area countries, Serbian government signed the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) and received an EU candidate status, as well as, Serbia has completed obligations to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).[2] He became the first Serbian head of state or head of government to visit the Srebrenica Genocide Memorial and he launched an initiative for the Serbian parliament to adopt a resolution condemning the Srebrenica massacre.[3] The period of a coalition government led by the Tadi?'s Democratic Party was characterized by the challenges of the Kosovo declaration of independence and the global financial crisis, leading to low rates of economic growth.[2] He is widely regarded as a pro-Western leader,[4][5][6] who also favors balanced relations with Russia, the United States and the EU.[7]

Early life

Boris Tadi? was born in Sarajevo, the capital of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic within the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. His father, Ljubomir, was a philosopher and a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. His mother, Nevenka, is a psychologist. His maternal grandfather and up to six other relatives were killed by the Croatian Usta?e during World War II.[8]

The Tadi?s are descendants of the Serb clan of Piva, in the region of Old Herzegovina, Montenegro. The family's Slava (Patron Saint) is Saint John the Baptist.[9] His parents frequently relocated between various cities and had moved to Sarajevo from Paris, where they pursued their doctoral studies, only a few days prior to his birth. Tadi? and his family moved to Belgrade when he was three years old, and his father got a job at the newspaper Liberation (Oslobo?enje).[10][11]

Tadi? finished Pera Popovi? Aga (today Mika Petrovi? Alas)[12] elementary school and matriculated at the First Belgrade Gymnasium in Dor?ol. During his teenage years he played water polo for VK Partizan, but had to quit due to injuries. He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy with a degree in psychology, specifically social psychology in the department of clinical psychology.

He was arrested during his studies in July 1982 for protesting the arrest of a group of students, arrested for protesting against martial law in Poland and in support of the Solidarity movement. Tadi? spent one month in penal labour prison in Padinska Skela.[13][14]

He worked as a journalist, military clinical psychologist and as a teacher of psychology at the First Belgrade Gymnasium.[12] Until 2003, Tadi? also worked at the Faculty of Dramatic Arts at the University of Arts in Belgrade as a lecturer of political advertising.

Early political career

Tadi? joined the newly founded Democratic Party in 1990. He served as an MP and member of the parliamentary Science and Technology Committee following the 1993 Serbian parliamentary election.

Boris Tadi? founded the Centre of Modern Skills (Centar modernih ve?tina, CMV) in 1998, an NGO dealing with political and civic education, and the development of the political culture and dialogue.[15]

The Democratic Party was part of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS), a grand coalition of anti-Milo?evi? parties which played a key role in his downfall in 2000. Tadi? was elected deputy leader of the Democratic Party twice, in February 2000 and then in October 2001.

Tadi? served as Minister of Telecommunications in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from November 2000 to March 2003 and as Minister of Defence from March 2003 until he started his presidential campaign in April 2004. He served as an MP of the Democratic Party in the Chamber of Citizens of the Federal Assembly and later went on to be the acting parliamentary leader of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition in 2003, the president of the Security Services Control Committee, as well as the parliamentary leader of the Democratic Party in the National Assembly of Serbia starting in February 2004.

The assassination of Zoran ?in?i? in March 2003 led to a leadership convention of the Democratic Party in February 2004, which was won by Tadi? against Zoran ?ivkovi?.[16] He was later reelected unopposed in regular leadership conventions in 2006 and 2010.

Presidency

President of Serbia within state union (2004-2008)

Tadi?, as the newly elected Democratic Party leader, was chosen as the candidate for the presidential election. He defeated Tomislav Nikoli? of the nationalist Radical Party in the run-off of the 2004 presidential election with 53%[17] of the vote. He was inaugurated on 11 July of that year.[18]

During the 2004 election campaign, Tadi? promised to form a new special institution called the People's Office. The People's Office of the President of the Republic was opened on 1 October 2004. The role of the People's Office is to make communication between the citizens and the President easier, and to cooperate between other state bodies and institutions, in order to enable the citizens of Serbia to exercise their rights. The People's Office of the President is divided into four divisions: Legal Affairs Division, Social Affairs Division, Projects Division and General Affairs Division. The first Director of the People's Office was Dragan ?ilas. When he joined the Government of Serbia as the Minister in charge of the National Investment Plan in 2007, Tatjana Pa?i? became the new Director.[19]

Tadi? advocated cooperation and reconciliation of the former Yugoslav countries, strained by the burden of the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. On 6 December 2004, Boris Tadi? made an apology in Bosnia and Herzegovina to all those who suffered crimes committed in the name of the Serbian people.[20] In July 2005, Tadi? visited the Bosnian town of Srebrenica on the 10th anniversary of massacre of 8,000 Muslim men and boys by Bosnian Serb forces.[21] In 2007, Tadi? issued an apology to Croatia for any crimes committed in Serbia's name during the war in Croatia.[22]

Tadi? presided during the independence referendum in Montenegro (2006). He was the first foreign head of state to visit Montenegro after it became independent on 8 June, and promised to continue friendly relations. Serbia declared independence as well, and Tadi? attended the first raising of the flag of Serbia at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.[23]

On 6 September 2007, Tadi? was a signatory of the agreement that led to the formation of the Council for Cooperation between Serbia and Republika Srpska, together with Milorad Dodik and Vojislav Ko?tunica.[24] In late 2007, he stated that Serbia does not support a break-up of Bosnia and Herzegovina and that, as a guarantor of the Dayton Accords that brought peace to Bosnia, he supports its territorial integrity. Tadi? also said that Serbia supports the accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the EU,[25] and NATO.[26]

As President, Tadi? has pursued a pro-Western foreign policy. On 28 September 2005, he met with Pope Benedict XVI in Vatican City, making him the first Serbian head of state to be granted an audience with a pope. This helped improve traditionally strained Catholic-Orthodox relations.[27]

On 22 June 2007, Tadi? presided over the 1000th meeting of the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers in Belgrade.[28]

Boris Tadi? at the 50th Belgrade Book Fair, 2006.

Contrary to his earlier decision in the 2004 Kosovan parliamentary election, Tadi? stated that he had no right to call on Kosovo Serbs to vote in the 2007 Kosovo parliamentary election, as the standards he asked for in 2004 were not reached.[29]

Reelection campaign

Boris Tadi? has advocated an early presidential election that is required under constitutional law, since the adoption of the new Constitution of Serbia, after the successful constitutional referendum in October 2006. On 13 December 2007, the speaker of the Parliament, Oliver Duli?, set the election date for 20 January 2008. The Democratic Party submitted the candidacy of its leader to the Republic Electoral Commission on 21 December. The re-election campaign was led under the slogan "For a strong and stable Serbia" in the first round and "Let's win Europe together!" in the second. Tadi? advocated integration of Serbia into the European Union but also territorial integrity of Serbia with sovereignty over Kosovo and Metohija.

Tadi? received support from G17 Plus and Sanjak Democratic Party, partners from the Government. He also received support of various national minority parties including Hungarian and Romani parties. He received 1,457,030 votes (35.39 percent) in the first round. In the second round on 3 February 2008, he faced Tomislav Nikoli? and won the election with 2,304,467 votes (50.31 percent).[30]

President of Serbia (2008-2012)

Presidential oath of Boris Tadi?:
I swear that I will invest all my efforts in the preservation of sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, including Kosovo and Metohija as its integral part, as well as the realisation of human and minority rights and freedoms, observation and defence of the Constitution and laws, preservation of peace and welfare of all Serbian citizens and that I will fulfill all my duties conscientiously and responsibly.[31]

Tadi? was sworn in at the inauguration ceremony on 15 February 2008 in the National Assembly of Serbia.[31]

The Assembly of Kosovo proclaimed a declaration of independence on 17 February 2008.[32] Boris Tadi? urged a United Nations Security Council meeting to react urgently and annul the act. He also said that Belgrade would never recognise the independence of Kosovo and would never give up the struggle for its legitimate interests.[33] Russia backed Serbia's position and President Vladimir Putin said that any support for Kosovo's unilateral declaration is immoral and illegal.[34]

On 21 February Tadi? met President of Romania Traian B?sescu in Bucharest where he thanked him for Romanian support and stated that "Serbia will not give up its future in Europe".

Tadi? said that Serbia would never recognise an independent Kosovo.[35] He stated that the problem of Kosovo was not solved by the unilaterally declared independence and that the decade-long problems between Serbs and Albanians still exist. He called the international institutions to find a solution within the UN Security Council, for the continuation of negotiations.[36] He also called a decision made by the US President George W. Bush to send arms to Kosovo "bad news."[37]

Boris Tadi? with Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico in Belgrade.

Tadi? also said that Serbia would not accept the legality of the EU's planned policing and judiciary mission for Kosovo.[38] On 25 February 2008, Boris Tadi? met with Dmitry Medvedev and Sergei Lavrov in Belgrade where Medvedev stated that "We proceed from the understanding that Serbia is a single state with its jurisdiction spanning its entire territory, and we will adhere to this principled stance in the future, We have made a deal to coordinate together our efforts in order to get out of this complicated situation". Agreement on the South Stream pipeline was also signed during this visit.[39][40]

Meeting with Lech Kaczy?ski, late President of Poland, at the 63rd UN General Assembly session in September 2008

On 5 April 2008, Tadi? called the acquittal of Ramush Haradinaj "disgraceful because of the innocent victims" and demanded the ICTY to appeal. He said that Serbia wishes to help the Tribunal to collect evidence "because Haradinaj's place is in prison". He said that former Hague Chief Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte had said that witnesses in the case against Haradinaj had been intimidated and even murdered to prevent them testifying to his crimes.[41]

Following the Republic of Kosovo's formation of the Kosovo Security Forces in January 2009, he sent protest letters both to the[clarification needed] and NATO Secretaries-General. The letter states that Serbia views those forces as an illegal paramilitary organisation that constitutes a threat to the country's security and a danger to peace and stability in the Western Balkans. Tadi? drew attention to the fact that the KSF were formed on the basis of the Ahtisaari Plan that was never adopted by the Security Council and added that the creation of these forces constitutes a breach of the Serbian Constitution and international law, which is why they should be disbanded. He called for the demilitarisation of Kosovo.[42]

On 13 March 2008, President Tadi? signed a decree dissolving the country's parliament and slating early parliamentary elections for 11 May.[43] Boris Tadi? gathered a large pro-EU coalition around his Democratic Party and G17 Plus for the Serbian parliamentary election in 2008, named "For a European Serbia - Boris Tadi?". The coalition list was led by Dragoljub Mi?unovi? and it also included Sanjak Democratic Party, Serbian Renewal Movement and League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina.[44] The coalition won 38% of the vote, more than any other list.[45] He condemn?d remarks regarding the election made by Javier Solana and Pieter Feith and called on the European Union not to interfere with Serbian elections.[46][47]

Tadi? said that he was ready, authorised as per Vienna Convention,[48] to sign the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union if it were offered on 28 April, but not at the price of recognising Kosovo's unilaterally declared independence.[49] Tadi? attended the signing of the SAA ceremony in Luxembourg on 29 April, where the Deputy Prime Minister Bo?idar ?eli? signed the document on behalf of Serbia, as per the authorisation of the Government from December 2007. He was opposed by the then Prime Minister Vojislav Ko?tunica who believed that Serbia ought not to sign any agreements with the European Union.[50] While, on 1 May, Ko?tunica said that Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was right when he said that the SAA should have been signed, he nonetheless vowed to annul the agreement after the parliamentary elections, calling it "not in the service of Serbia's territorial integrity."[51][52]

On 27 June 2008, Tadi? named Mirko Cvetkovi? for the new Prime Minister, following the victory of his party coalition in parliamentary election that took place in May. Cvetkovi? was sworn in after giving the oath in the National Assembly on 7 July 2008.[53]

Following the 2008 South Ossetia War, and Russian recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Tadi? refused to follow suit, saying that even though he respects the Russian support to Serbia regarding Kosovo, "Serbia is not going to recognise these so-called new countries". He stated that "Serbia is not going to do something that is against our interest, because we are defending out territorial integrity and sovereignty by using international law" and that by constitution he must defend the interests of Serbia, and not the interests of any other country in the world.[54][55]

Boris Tadi? and Dmitry Medvedev sealed the deal regarding the construction of a South Stream gas pipeline in December 2008

Tadi? invoked his constitutional powers of Commander-in-Chief of the Military of Serbia and dismissed the Chief of the General Staff Zdravko Pono? on 30 December 2008. Pono? made public accusations against the Defence Minister Dragan ?utanovac in the media. It was also revealed that he ignored the minister and has not submitted a single report in a year.[56][57]

Foreign Minister of Greece Stavros Lambrinidis with Serbian President Boris Tadi? and Foreign Minister of Serbia Vuk Jeremi?

In April 2009, Tadi? announced a constitutional reform proposal. His initiative includes the proposal to reduce the number of the National Assembly members from 250 to 150 to better reflect the size of the country followed by changes in law on party registration and financing in order to consolidate similar parties and limit those with little support which should bring Serbia closer to a two-party system. The second proposed amendment would change the administrative division of Serbia by dividing it into more autonomous regions in order to achieve a more balanced development. This change would lead to Serbia's being divided into seven regions instead of the current asymmetrical division which includes two autonomous provinces but where the majority of the territory has no special autonomy.[58][59][60] However, the proposals haven't came to fruition.

During his visit to Serbia in May 2009, Lech Kaczy?ski, President of Poland, stated that he doesn't agree with the decision of the Polish Government to recognise the independence of Kosovo and that he as the President "favours the policy pursued by Serbian President Boris Tadi?". They also discussed energy, particularly Europe's dependence on natural gas from just one source, and agreed that there is a need for a common EU energy policy that should also include the Balkan states.[61]

US Vice President Joe Biden meets Tadi? during the state visit to Serbia in May 2009

On 21 May 2009, Dragan Mari?, a former businessman who was revolted over the court decision in his dispute with the national air carrier Jat Airways, entered the Presidency office carrying two hand grenades and seeking an out-of-court settlement signed by President or Government. Members of the Battalion of Military Police Cobras, providing security to the President of Serbia, managed to take one of the grenades immediately and isolate the attacker, however the perpetrator removed the pin from the second grenade and threatened to detonate it by releasing the lever. The negotiations were handled by the special team of the Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs, supported by the officials of the Ministry of Justice, and lasted for several hours until the man was disarmed and arrested. After the incident, Tadi?, who was present in the secured area of the building, congratulated the police and army special units, the security and negotiation team for doing a terrific job, peacefully and with no casualties and also said that problems, no matter what kind, cannot be resolved by force and by jeopardising citizens' lives.[62][63]

In October 2009, after the Serbian national team qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Boris Tadi? and other Serbian ministers celebrated at the end of the match in Belgrade's Red Star Stadium by toasting the winning team with a glass of champagne. It is illegal to consume alcohol at Serbian sporting events to stop violence. Tadi? pleaded guilty, saying "I did not know that consumption of alcohol, even if only for a toast, has been forbidden so I fully take responsibility for the violation" and was fined EUR400.[64]

Some observers have describe that the coalition government led by Tadi?'s Democratic Party introduced some media control mechanisms, which were further developed by the Aleksandar Vu?i? regime to severely curtail media freedom.[65][66]Ljiljana Smajlovi?, editor-in-chief of Politika, has accused Tadi? several times of pressuring editorial politics.[67][68] Following his defeat at the 2012 presidential elections, Tadi? and main opposition candidate Tomislav Nikoli? had similar media coverage, but the campaign coverage was characterized by the lack of analytical and critical reporting, while some media outlets such as the weekly NIN and tabloid Blic showed a preference for Tadi?.[69][70]

Advisors

Advisors to the President of the Republic carry out the analytical, advisory and other corresponding tasks for the needs of the President of the Republic as well as other expert tasks in relations of the President with the Government and the Parliament.[71]

Advisor Portfolio
Gordana Matkovi? General Affairs
Trivo In?i? Political Issues
Mla?an ?or?evi? Legal Issues
Neboj?a Krsti? Public Relations
Vojislav Brajovi? Culture
Jovan Ratkovi? EU/NATO relations

Chief of Staff is Miodrag Raki?. Acting Secretary General of the Office of the President was Vladimir Cvijan from 2008 to 2010.

Previous advisors who served from 2005 to 2008 are Biserka Jevtimijevi? Drinjakovi? (economic issues), Vladimir Cvijan (legal issues) and Du?an T. Batakovi? and Leon Kojen (political issues). Most of the former advisors are now serving as directors of public enterprises and ambassadors.

Post-presidency

2012 elections and aftermath

On 5 April 2012, a day after announcing his decision, Tadi? submitted his resignation to the speaker of parliament, Slavica ?uki?-Dejanovi?, who then took over as acting president. This led to bringing forward the presidential election[72] to coincide with the parliamentary election on 6 May.[73]

Amid controversy regarding the legitimacy of the third mandate and the legality of certain decisions,[74] incumbent Tadi? lost the presidential elections to his opponent, Tomislav Nikoli? from the Serbian Progressive Party. Nikoli? has won 49.7% of the votes in the runoff vote, versus 47% for Tadi?, according to data of the Serbian Center for Free Elections and Democracy.[75] The result was considered somewhat of a surprise, as Tadi? had exploited his resignation for the presidential vote to coincide with parliamentary elections.

Tadi? was criticized both inside and outside the party for the manoeuvre of calling early presidential elections without a clear goal, and entering them with over-confidence.[76]Dragan ?ilas, long-time mayor of Belgrade and one of rare Democrats who remained in his seat after 2012 elections, announced that he would challenge Tadi? in December party elections. After a period of gauging the odds, it became obvious that ?ilas would receive majority support. Before the electoral conference, ?ilas and Tadi? reached a face-saving agreement whereby Tadi? would step down from the race and remain the party's honorary president, and ?ilas thus became the only major candidate.[77] ?ilas was elected president of the Democratic Party on 25 November 2012.[78]

New Democratic Party

In early 2014, after losing the internal reelections in the Democratic Party to Dragan ?ilas[79] Tadi? resigned from his position of honorary president and left the party.[80] Subsequently, a number of prominent party members all across defected from the party and stated that they intend to form a list in the forthcoming parliamentary election with Tadi? as its leader. So far, coalition has been agreed with the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina. A political party, most likely named New Democratic Party, is in the process of forming and registration.[81]

Policy and criticism

Coalition with the Socialist Party of Serbia

Following the 2008 election, Tadi?'s Democratic Party was unable to form a pro-European government with the hard-line Liberal Democratic Party. Faced with the possibility of a eurosceptic government led by the Democratic Party of Serbia, the Serbian Radical Party and the post-Milo?evi? Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Tadi? proposed a coalition with the SPS. On 7 June 2008 at an assembly of the Main Board of the Democratic Party, Tadi? compared the DS and the SPS saying that both grieved over the loss of their presidents, ?in?i? and Milo?evi?. His address was heavily criticized by members of the Liberal Democratic Party, the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina and the Social Democratic Union.[82][83]

On 18 October 2008 Tadi? and Ivica Da?i?, President of the Socialist Party of Serbia, signed a Declaration of Political Reconciliation drafted in July,[84] agreeing on further EU integration and negotiations with Kosovo based on UN Resolution 1244.[85] The Declaration was again viewed as exonerating Milo?evi?'s regime and the G17 Plus, the Serbian Renewal Movement and League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina refused to sign it despite supporting the government.[86][87] It was also criticized by the right-wing Dveri and the Serbian Radical Party who called the declaration a reconciliation of the two wings of the League of Communists who split at the 8th Session.[88][89] Tadi? defended the reconciliation after the 2012 presidential election reiterating that Serbia was in need of consensus-building policies.[90]

Press freedom

In 2011 Report, the Freedom House described the media situation as generally free and stated that press operated with little government interference, although most media outlets are thought to be aligned with specific political parties.[91] Some observers have describe that the coalition government led by Tadi?'s Democratic Party introduced some media control mechanisms, which were further developed by the Aleksandar Vu?i? regime to severely curtail media freedom.[92][93] Media associations criticized the ruling coalition for adopting the controversial Law on Public Information proposed by the G17 Plus.[92][94]

On 8 April 2011 the European Federation of Journalists wrote to Tadi? that press freedom in Serbia was seriously compromised, that the safety of investigative journalists in Loznica and Belgrade was threatened and that independent newspapers were struggling against economic pressure and political interference, sometimes even against undue judiciary pressure through court decisions.[95] The two main journalism associations and the journalists' union stated support for the letter.[96]Ljiljana Smajlovi?, editor-in-chief of Politika, has accused Tadi? several times of pressuring editorial politics.[97][98]

In September 2011 the Anti-Corruption Council, led by Verica Bara? and with the support of Commissioner for Information of Public Importance Rodoljub ?abi?, Ombudsman Sa?a Jankovi?, and presidents of the two main journalism associations Ljiljana Smajlovi? and Vuka?in Obradovi?, published a report detailing the state of the freedom of the press in Serbia from January 2008 to June 2010. The Council concluded that the media in Serbia was overwhelmed by strong political pressure, that full control over the media was established, that no medium broadcast objective and complete information, and that events were censored or reported on selectively and incompletely. The report concluded that marketing agencies owned by senior Democratic Party officials and Tadi?'s close associates, namely Sr?an ?aper and Dragan ?ilas, held a significant share of the advertising market.[99][100]

Following his defeat at the 2012 presidential elections, Tadi? and main opposition candidate Tomislav Nikoli? had similar media coverage, but the campaign coverage was characterized by the lack of analytical and critical reporting, while some media outlets such as the weekly NIN and tabloid Blic showed a preference for Tadi?.[101][102] On the other hand, the election observation organizations highlighted the many national-frequency televisions broadcast more affirmative content about the opposition parties.[103]

Personal life

Tadi? with his daughter and wife

Tadi?'s sister, Vjera, is a psychologist and currently teaches psychology in the First Belgrade Gymnasium. Besides his native language, Boris Tadi? is reportedly fluent in English, French, Italian and German.[104]

He was previously married to journalist Veselinka Zastavnikovi? from 1980 to 1996, but they divorced, having had no children.[105] They met in the 1970s.[106] Throughout their marriage they were actively involved in various socio-political activities including protests and petitions against human-rights abuses and so-called 'verbal delict' in SFR Yugoslavia in the 1980s as well as anti-Milo?evi? protests in the 1990s.

Tadi? is married to Tatjana Rodi?, with whom he has two daughters.[107]

He is 6 feet 2 inches (188 cm) tall.[108]

Tadi?'s maternal grandfather was Strahinja Ki?anovi?, a rich tradesman and land owner who unsuccessfully ran twice for the office of member of parliament.[109] He was killed during World War II at the Jadovno camp.[110] Although this is today a well known fact stated by Boris Tadi? at several occasions, Yugoslav communist authorities falsely listed Strahinja Ki?anovi? as being killed simultaneously both at Jadovno and Jasenovac.[111] This false claim was later even copied by institutions in Croatia and the United States.[112][113]

Honours and awards

On 4 August 2007, Tadi? was awarded the "European Prize for Political Culture" that is given by the Swiss Foundation Hans Ringier of the Ringier Publishing House in Locarno. Previously it was awarded to Jean-Claude Juncker. Tadi? decided to donate the financial part of the award for humanitarian purposes for the maternity hospital in a town near Gra?anica.[114][115]

Boris Tadi? attending Quadriga awards ceremony with Gerhard Schröder.

Tadi? received the Quadriga award in September 2008, an annual German award sponsored by Werkstatt Deutschland, a non-profit organisation based in Berlin. The award recognises four people or groups for their commitment to innovation, renewal, and a pioneering spirit through political, economic, and cultural activities. The other three winners were Wikipedia, represented by Jimmy Wales; Eckart Höfling, Franciscan and director; and Peter Gabriel, musician and human rights activist. The award given to Tadi? was named The Courage of Perseverance and was presented by Heinz Fischer, the Federal President of Austria.[116] In March 2010, Tadi? received the Steiger Award Europe of the Rhine-Ruhr for "respectfulness, openness, humanity, and tolerance".[117]

In 2011, he won the North-South Prize awarded by the Council of Europe and distinguishing his deep commitment and actions for the promotion and protection of human rights, defense of pluralist democracy and the strengthening partnership and the North-South solidarity.

In 2012, in Brussels, Boris Tadi?, together with the ex-President of Croatia Ivo Josipovi?, has been awarded with the European Medal of Tolerance by the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation, in recognition of the Balkan statesmen's "significant contribution to promoting, seeking, safeguarding or maintaining Tolerance and Reconciliation on the European continent".[118]

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Notes

  1. ^ It is his de jure first term, as Tadi? was elected under previous constitution for the first term.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Velimir Radojevi?
Minister of Defence of Serbia and Montenegro
2003-2004
Succeeded by
Prvoslav Davini?
Preceded by
Predrag Markovi?
Acting
President of Serbia
2004-2012
Succeeded by
Slavica ?uki? Dejanovi?
Acting
Party political offices
Preceded by
Zoran ?in?i?
President of the Democratic Party
2004-2012
Succeeded by
Dragan ?ilas
New office President of the Social Democratic Party
2014-present
Incumbent

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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