Br?ko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Br?ko Distrikt Bosne i Hercegovine
Location of Br?ko District within Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Established by final arbitration decision||5 March 1999|
|Statute took effect||8 March 2000|
|o Mayor||Sini?a Mili? (SNSD)|
|o||Esed Kadri? (SDA)|
|o International Supervisor[a]||Michael Scanlan|
|o Total||493 km2 (190 sq mi)|
|o Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+387) 49|
|ISO 3166 code||BA-BRC|
Br?ko District (Br?ko Distrikt / , pronounced [brt?ko:]), officially the Br?ko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Br?ko Distrikt Bosne i Hercegovine / ? ), is a self-governing administrative unit in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Officially a condominium of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, it was formed in 1999 to reflect Br?ko and the surrounding areas' multi-ethnic nature and special status within the newly independent Bosnia. In reality, it functions as a local self-government area, much like the other municipalities in the country.
The seat of the district is the city of Br?ko.
The Br?ko District was established after an arbitration process undertaken by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Peace Accords however, the process could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL). The Br?ko District was formed of the entire territory of the former Br?ko municipality, of which 48% (including Br?ko city) was in the new formed Republika Srpska, while 52% was in the old Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the end of the Bosnian War, the European Union (EU) has maintained a diplomatic peace-keeping presence in the area.
Br?ko was the only element in the Dayton Peace Agreement which was not finalized. The arbitration agreement was finalized in March 1999 resulting in a "district" as mentioned above which was to be administrated by an American Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Br?ko International Supervisor.
In 2006, under the Supervisory Order, all "Entity legislation in Br?ko District and the IEBL" was abolished. The ruling made by the Br?ko Supervisor Susan Johnson abolishes all Entity Laws in the District, as well as abolishing the Entity Border Line. The ruling makes the Laws of the District and the Laws of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the laws of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) paramount within the District.
The first Br?ko International Supervisor arrived in April 1997. Prior to that time, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) had a modest office headed by Randolph Hampton. During the interim time before the District of Br?ko could be represented post arbitration agreement, local elections were held, and humanitarian relief was provided with cooperation from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and ECHO. The District became known as a center for different state-building programs run by foreign governments, particularly the United States.
Following a Peace Implementation Council (PIC) meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of the Br?ko International Supervisor. The Br?ko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Br?ko Supervision, continues to exist.
Br?ko District comprises 1% of the land area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is home to 2.37% of the country's total population.
The ethnic composition of Br?ko district:
|census 1961||census 1971||census 1981||census 1991||census 2013|
There are 31 seats in the Assembly of the Br?ko District. The seats are divided as follows as of 2016:
elected by Council
|Br?ko||Serb Democratic Party--National Democratic Movement||5,908||15.06||5||Sini?a Mili?, SNSD||21||68%|
|Alliance of Independent Social Democrats||5,512||14.05||4|
|Party of Democratic Action||4,989||12.72||4|
|Croatian Democratic Union||3,940||10.04||3|
|Br?ko Democratic Movement||3,247||8.28||2|
|Party of Democratic Progress--Progressive Srpska||2,754||7.02||2|
|Croatian Peasant Party of Stjepan Radi?||2,335||5.95||2|
|Union for a Better Future of BiH||2,049||5.22||2|
|Social Democratic Party||2,045||5.21||3|
|Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina||1,780||4.54||1|
|Minority candidate ?azim Da?aj||(384)||-||1|