Brandenburger Gold Coast
Location of Groß-Friedrichsburg within Gold Coast, modern-day Ghana, marked by the black dot and flag.
Inside Groß-Friedrichsburg. View in February 1884.
|Status||Brandenburger colony (1682-1701)|
Prussian colony (1701-1721)
|Common languages||German, Akan|
|Religion||Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Akan religion|
|Elector of Brandenburg, later King of Prussia|
|Frederick William I|
o Foundation of Brandenburg African Company
o Renamed Prussian Gold Coast Settlements
|15 January 1701|
o Sold to Netherlands
|Today part of||Ghana|
The Brandenburger Gold Coast, later Prussian Gold Coast, was a part of the Gold Coast. The Brandenburg colony existed from 1682 to 1720, when king Frederick William I of Prussia sold it for 7200 ducats to the Dutch Republic.
In May 1682 the newly founded Brandenburg African Company (German: Brandenburgisch-Afrikanische Compagnie (de), which had been granted a charter by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (core of the later Prussian kingdom), established a small West African colony consisting of two Gold Coast settlements on the Gulf of Guinea, around Cape Three Points in present Ghana:
On 15 January 1701, the small colony was renamed Prussian Gold Coast Settlements, in connection with the founding of the Prussian kingdom, which formally took place three days later, when Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, crowned himself King in Prussia (after which he became known as Frederick I of Prussia).
From 1711 to April 1712 the Dutch occupied Fort Dorothea again. In 1717 the colony was physically abandoned by Prussia, so that from 1717 to 1724 John Konny (or, in Dutch: Jan Conny) was able to occupy Groß Friedrichsburg, from 1721 in opposition to Dutch rule.
In 1721 the rights to the colony were sold to the Dutch, who renamed it Hollandia, as part of their larger Dutch Gold Coast colony.