Brze%C5%9B%C4%87 Kujawski Voivodeship
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Brze%C5%9B%C4%87 Kujawski Voivodeship
Brze Kujawski Voivodeship
Palatinatus Brestensis
Województwo brzesko-kujawskie
Voivodeship of Poland1
14th century-1793
Coat of arms of Brze Kujawski
Coat of arms
RON województwo brzeskokujawskie map.svg
Brze Kujawski Voivodeship in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1635
CapitalBrze Kujawski
Area 
3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi)
History 
o Established
14th century
1793
Political subdivisionscounties: 5
Preceded by
Succeeded by
¹ Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland before 1569.

Brze Kujawski Voivodeship (Latin: Palatinatus Brestensis, Polish: Województwo brzesko-kujawskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland (later Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), from the 14th century to the Second Partition of Poland in 1793. It was part of the historic Kujawy region and the Greater Polish prowincja. Originally, its name was Brzesc Voivodeship (Wojewodztwo brzeskie), but after the 1569 Union of Lublin, it was renamed into Brzesc Kujawski Voivodeship, to distinguish it from Lithuanian Brest Litovsk Voivodeship (Polish: Wojewodztwo brzesko-litewskie).

Geography

Its area was 3,276 sq. kilometers, divided into five counties. The seat of the voivode was at Brze Kujawski, while local sejmiks for both Brze Kujawski and Inowroc?aw Voivodeships took place at Radziejow. It was one of the smallest and most densely populated voivodeships of the Commonwealth.

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of Brze Kujawski Voivodeship:

"East of the land of the Polans lies the region of Kujawy, most of which stretches along left bank of the Vistula. The region was divided into two voivodeships: those of Brze Kujawski, and Inowroc?aw. Third part of historic Kujawy, the Dobrzyn Land, lies on the right bank of the Vistula. Duke Boleslaw Krzywousty, while writing his testament in 1138, united Kujawy and Mazovia, giving it to his son Boleslaw IV the Curly (...) The dynasty of Mazovian Piasts lasted until the 16th century, while the Kujawian Piasts died out in the 14th century. As a result, Kujawy returned to the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in 1434, two hundred years before Mazovia. It is not known when the province was divided into two voivodeships, but in Horodlo in 1413 (see Union of Horodlo), two Kujawian voivodes were already present: Maciej of Labiszyn was the voivode of Brze, and Janusz of Koscieliska was the voivode of Gniewkowo, later Inowroc?aw (...)

The area of Brze Kujawski Voivodeship was almost 60 sq. miles, with 67 Roman-Catholic parishes, 13 towns and 567 villages. It was divided into five counties: Brze Kujawski, Radziejow, Przedecz, Kowal and Kruszwica. All counties were among the smallest in the Province of Greater Poland, as Przedecz County had the area of 9 sq. miles, while Kruszwica County was even smaller, with 6 sq. miles. At the same time, however, Brze Kujawski Voivodeship (together with czyca Voivodeship) was most densely populated of all voivodeships of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Its population density in the 16th century reached 1,200, even 1,300 people per sq. mile (...)

Brze Kujawski Voivodeship had six senators. These were: The Bishop of Kujawy, the Voivode and the Castellan of Brze Kujawski, as well as Castellans of Kruszwica, Kowal and Konary. Starostas resided in capitals of the five counties, plus at Nieszawa and Dunikow. Since both Brze Kujawski and Inowroc?aw voivodeships were part of Kujawy, local sejmiks for them took place at Radziejow. Here, four deputies to the Sejm were elected, and two deputies to the Greater Poland Tribunal. Both voivodeships shared one coat of arms".

Administration

Governor seat:

Regional council (sejmik) seats:

Counties

  • Brzesc Kujawski County,
  • Kowal County,
  • Kruszwica County,
  • Przedecz County,
  • Radziejow County.

Neighbouring Voivodeships:

Voivodes

References

  1. ^ a b c d B?a?ejewski Stanis?aw, Kutta Janusz, Romaniuk Marek: Bydgoski S?ownik Biograficzny. Tom VI. Bydgoszcz 2000. ISBN 83-85327-58-4, str. 49-57

Sources

Coordinates: 52°36?21?N 18°54?17?E / 52.605943°N 18.904807°E / 52.605943; 18.904807


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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