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Bustocco and Legnanese
Native toItaly
Native speakers
Language codes

Bustocco and Legnanese (natively büstócu and legnanés) are two dialects of Western Lombard, spoken respectively in the cities of Busto Arsizio (Province of Varese) and Legnano (Province of Milan), Lombardy.

Although there is little evidence of Ligurian settlements in the area,[1] they are widely thought to have been characterised by the Ligurian substratum.[2] While Legnanese is closer to the Milanese dialect,[] Bustocco is especially considered very similar to the modern Ligurian language,[3] for example for the frequent unstressed at the end of masculine nouns and other words is more frequent (e.g. Bustocco gatu "cat", secu "dry", coldu "hot", bücéu "glass", candu "when" = Legnanese gatt, secch, cald, bicér, quand), as well as the elimination of some intervocalic consonants (e.g. Bustocco lauà "to work" = Legnanese lavurà). In both dialects stressed /a/ sounds like a mix between a and o.[][clarification needed]

A comic theatrical group called I Legnanesi uses Legnanese (with simplified grammar and lexicon heavily based on Italian) in its shows.[4]


  1. ^ Cociancich, Pietro (28 August 2017). "Bustocco: un dialetto ligure?" [Bustocco: a Ligurian dialect?]. Patrimoni Linguistici (in Italian). Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Marinoni, Augusto (1957). I dialetti da Saronno al Ticino. Busto Arsizio-Legnano [The dialects from Saronno to the Ticino. Busto Arsizio-Legnano] (in Italian). Rotary Club. pp. 37-50.
  3. ^ Giavini, Luigi (2002). Le origini di Busto Arsizio dai Liguri ai Longobardi [The origins of Busto Arsizio from the Ligurians to the Lombards] (in Italian). Nomos Edizioni. pp. 17-38.
  4. ^ "I lLegnanesi - Compagnia teatrale dialettale". Retrieved 2018.

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Music Scenes