|Government of Ukraine |
Ukrainian: ? ?
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
Ukrainian: ? ?
|Appointed by||Ukrainian parliament |
(Prime Minister's proposal)
|Main organ||Cabinet of Ministers|
|Responsible to||President and Parliament|
Hrushevsky Street, Kiev
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ? ?, Kabinet ministriv Ukrayiny; shortened to CabMin), commonly referred to as the Government of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ? ?, Uryad Ukrayiny), is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine. As Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, it was formed on 18 April 1991 by the Law of Ukrainian SSR No.980-XII. Vitold Fokin was approved the first Prime Minister of Ukraine.
The Cabinet is a collegiate body consisting of the Cabinet's presidium composed of five individual and several ministries that are represented by their respective minister. Some ministries may be headed by members of the Cabinet presidium (Vice Prime Ministers). The presidium of Cabinet is composed of the Prime Minister of Ukraine presiding over the Cabinet and assisted by his First Vice Prime and other Vice Prime ministers. The Secretariat of Cabinet of Ministers ensures the operations of the cabinet.
The number of ministries in the cabinet has changed over time, some ministries were abolished, others combined with others or degraded to state committees or agencies. Each ministry is in charge of other government sub-departments. There are three basic types of government sub-departments known as "central offices (organs) of executive authority": services, agencies, inspections. Beside the basic government sub-departments there also other government sub-departments which were granted a special status. Among such sub-departments there are various government committees, government commissions, government funds, and other institutions. Sub-departments may be elevated to ministerial status by their reorganization and, vice versa, government ministries may degraded to sub-departments (e.g. Ministry of Emergencies was degraded to a sub-department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs).
The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control and being held accountable to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament). It consists of the Prime Minister, the First Vice-Prime Minister, three Vice-Prime Ministers, and other Ministers, who head their assigned Ministries (departments). At one point of time there also was an institute of "state ministries" that was majorly abolished on 25 February 1992 by the Presidential Decree (#98). The Secretariat of Cabinet of Ministers (or Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers) supports the effective operation of the government. Structural part of the secretariat is also the office of the Prime Minister of Ukraine.
Since August 2016 Ukrainians can sign and submit electronic petitions to the Cabinet of ministers of Ukraine "to (assist with) the formation of the priorities of state policy and management decision-making". To be considered, the petition must get at least 25,000 votes three months from the date of publication. Ukraine authorities are on hold to tell for the next election
The duties of the cabinet of ministers are described in the Article 116 of the Constitution of Ukraine. Members of the government (cabinet) are citizens of Ukraine, who have the right of vote, higher education, and possess the state language (Ukrainian language). The members of the government cannot have judgement against them that has not been extinguished and taken away in the established legal order. Members of the Cabinet and chief officers of central and local bodies of executive power may not combine their official activity with other work, except teaching, scholarly and creative activity outside working hours, and/or to be members of an administrative body or board of supervisors of an enterprise that is aimed at making profit. In case if a People's Deputy of Ukraine was appointed to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine he or she resigns as a member of parliament and his/hers letter of resignation is reviewed immediately at the next session of the Ukrainian parliament.
At the sessions of the Cabinet may participate the President of Ukraine or his representative. During the plenary sessions of the Ukrainian parliament People's Deputies of Ukraine have the Time of questions to the Government during which the whole Cabinet participates and answers to all queries of members of parliament.
The Cabinet issues resolutions and orders that are mandatory for execution. Normative legal acts of the Cabinet, ministries, and other central bodies of executive power are subject to registration. Failure to register invalidates the act. (see Article 117) The Cabinet also possesses the power of legislative initiative and may introduce its own bills to the parliament (Verkhovna Rada). The members of Cabinet and deputy ministers may be present at the sessions of the parliament and participate in discussions. Every year no later than 15 September the Cabinet submits a bill on the State Budget of Ukraine to the Verkhovna Rada.
The sessions of the Cabinet are considered plenipotentiary if more than a half of the Cabinet's members participate in them. In case if a minister cannot participate at the sessions he or she may be replaced by a deputy with a consultative capacity. On propositions of other members of the Cabinet a consultative capacity may be awarded to other participants who allowed at the sessions of the Cabinet. Over the sessions presides the Prime Minister of Ukraine, while in his(hers) absent - the First Vice Prime Minister.
The decisions of the Cabinet are adopted by the majority of the Cabinet's composition. In case of votes equality the vote of the Prime Minister is considered to be decisive.
Heads of regional government (including Presidential representative of Ukraine in Crimea) are appointed by the President of Ukraine on the submission of the Cabinet of Ministers for the term of office of the Head of the State
The Verkhovna Rada (parliament) has five days to approve the Prime Minister after the President proposes a candidate. A vote in Parliament is required to approve or dismiss any government minister. The President or one-third of members of parliament can initiate vote of no confidence, but only once in a parliament session.
The entire Cabinet has to be dismissed following the Prime Minister's resignation. But a Cabinet's resignation cannot be considered within a year of the Cabinet's approval of its program of activities, meaning a Cabinet dismissal can not done in its first year of existence.
The composition of Cabinet is determined by the Parliament of Ukraine on the petition of the Prime Minister of Ukraine (with exception of Minister of Defence and Minister of Foreign Affairs, which candidates are proposed by the President). The legislation on Labor and State Service do not cover regulations of Cabinet's members. Positions of Cabinet of Ministers are political and are regulated by the Constitution of Ukraine and the Law of Ukraine on the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
The 2004 Constitutional amendments are also erroneously known as the 2004 Constitution of Ukraine. The following amendments were procedurally adopted however as amendments rather than as constitution which requires approval of 2/3 parliament.
Under the terms of Article 83 of Ukraine's Constitution a governing coalition needs to be formed by factions (rather than by individuals) that represent a majority of the parliament (Verkhovna Rada), a "coalition of parliamentary factions" (Ukrainian? ). A February 2010 law on the parliament's regulations does demand both a decision by the factions and 226 signatures by members of parliament. On 1 October 2010, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared the constitutional amendments of 2004 illegal, thus abolishing the principle of coalition creation in the parliament (Constitution of Ukraine). In February 2014 the parliament passed a law that reinstated the 2004 amendments of the constitution. Three days later they also terminated the powers of five judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine appointed from the parliament's quota, for violating their oath.
|Prime Minister||Denys Shmyhal|
|Vice Prime Minister (European integration)||Vadym Prystaiko (4 March 2020 - 4 June 2020)|
Olha Stefanyshyna (since 4 June 2020)
|Vice Prime Minister||Mykhailo Fedorov[a]|
|Minister of Digital Transformation|
|Vice Prime Minister||Oleksii Reznikov|
|Minister on issues of Reintegration of Occupied Territories|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Arsen Avakov|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Dmytro Kuleba|
|Ministry for Veterans Affairs||Serhiy Bessarab|
|Ministry of Youth and Sports||Vadym Hutsait|
|Minister of Finance||Ihor Umansky (4 March 2020 - 30 March 2020)|
Serhiy Marchenko (since 30 March 2020)
|Minister of Infrastructure||Vladyslav Krykliy[b]|
|Minister of Social Policy||Maryna Lazebna|
|Minister of Justice||Denys Maliuska[c]|
|Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers||Oleh Nemchinov|
|Minister of Defence||Andriy Taran|
|Minister of Healthcare||Illia Yemets (4 March 2020 - 30 March 2020)|
Maksym Stepanov (since 30 March 2020)
|Minister of Education and Science||Yuriy Poliukhovych (acting 4 March 2020 - 25 March 2020)|
Liubomyra Mandziy (acting since 25 March 2020)
|Ministry of Energy Generation and Protection of Environment||Vitaliy Shubin (acting 11 March 2020 - 16 April 2020)|
Olha Buslavets (acting since 16 April 2020)
|Minister of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture||Pavlo Kukhta (acting 4 March 2020 - 17 March 2020)|
Ihor Petrashko (since 17 March 2020)
|Minister of Development of Communities and Territories||Oleksiy Chernyshov|
|Minister of Culture and Information Policy||Svitlana Fomenko (acting 10 March 2020 - 4 June 2020) |
Oleksandr Tkachenko (since 4 June 2020)