|NOC||Cameroon Olympic and Sports Committee|
|Competitors||33 in 9 sports|
|Flag bearer||Annabelle Ali|
|Summer Olympics appearances (overview)|
Comité National Olympique et Sportif du Cameroun sent a total of 33 athletes to the Games, 10 men and 23 women, to compete in 9 sports. For the first time in its Olympic history, Cameroon was represented by more female than male athletes because of its presence in women's football. Freestyle wrestler and All-African Games gold medalist Annabelle Ali was the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony.
Cameroon left London with a bronze medal, after winning gold medals in athletics and football for three successive games. Seven of its athletes "defected" while participating in the Olympics, including the reserve goalkeeper Drusille Ngako, swimmer Paul Ekane Edingue and boxers Thomas Essomba, Christian Donfack Adjoufack, Abdon Mewoli, Blaise Yepmou Mendouo and Serge Ambomo.
Cameroon has qualified boxers for the following events
Cameroon has qualified a women's team.
Coach: Carl Enow
Cameroon has qualified the following boats.
Qualification Legend: FA=Final A (medal); FB=Final B (non-medal); FC=Final C (non-medal); FD=Final D (non-medal); FE=Final E (non-medal); FF=Final F (non-medal); SA/B=Semifinals A/B; SC/D=Semifinals C/D; SE/F=Semifinals E/F; QF=Quarterfinals; R=Repechage
Cameroon has qualified one athlete.
Cameroon has qualified 1 man and 1 woman. Madias Nzesso originally finished sixth, but after all three medalists were disqualified for doping offenses, she was promoted to a bronze medal.
Cameroon has so far qualified one quota place.