Carbonate Minerals
Get Carbonate Minerals essential facts below. View Videos or join the Carbonate Minerals discussion. Add Carbonate Minerals to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Carbonate Minerals
Calcite crystals from the Sweetwater Mine, Viburnum Trend District, Reynolds County, Missouri; 6.2 × 6 × 3.3 cm

Carbonate minerals are those minerals containing the carbonate ion, CO32-.

Carbonate divisions

Anhydrous carbonates

Rhodochrosite, Sweet Home Mine, Alma, Colorado; 5.2 × 4.2 × 2.3 cm
Smithsonite, Silver Bill Mine, Dragoon Mts, Cochise County, Arizona; 4.8 × 4.1 × 2.4 cm

Anhydrous carbonates with compound formulas

Dolomite with calcite and chalcopyrite from the Picher Field, Tri-State district, Cherokee County, Kansas; 12.0 × 9.7 × 4.3 cm

Carbonates with hydroxyl or halogen

Azurite and malachite, Beaver Dam Mts, Washington County, Utah; 5.1 × 3.9 × 2.4 cm

Hydrated carbonates

The carbonate class in both the Dana and the Strunz classification systems include the nitrates.[1][2]

Nickel-Strunz classification -05- carbonates

Hanksite, Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl, one of the few minerals that is considered a carbonate and a sulfate
Photomicrographs of a thin section containing carbonate vein in mica rich rock. In cross-polarized light on left, plane-polarized light on right.

IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009).[3] This list uses the classification of Nickel-Strunz (, 10 ed, pending publication).[2]

  • Abbreviations:
    • "*" - discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "?" - questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "REE" - Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)
    • "PGE" - Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)
    • 03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V[5,6] Vanadates), 09 Silicates:
      • Neso: insular (from Greek n?sos, island)
      • Soro: grouping (from Greek s?ros, heap, mound (especially of corn))
      • Cyclo: ring
      • Ino: chain (from Greek [genitive inos], fibre)
      • Phyllo: sheet (from Greek phyllon, leaf)
      • Tekto: three-dimensional framework
  • Nickel-Strunz code scheme: NN.XY.##x
    • NN: Nickel-Strunz mineral class number
    • X: Nickel-Strunz mineral division letter
    • Y: Nickel-Strunz mineral family letter
    • ##x: Nickel-Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter

Class: carbonates

Class: nitrates


  1. ^ Dana Classification on Webmineral.
  2. ^ a b Strunz Classification on Webmineral.
  3. ^ Stuart J. Mills; Frédéric Hatert; Ernest H. Nickel; Giovanni Ferraris (2009). "The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals" (PDF). Eur. J. Mineral. 21: 1073-1080. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2009/0021-1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-17. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes