Caroline M. Wilkinson FRSE (born 27 October 1965) is a British anthropologist who has been a professor at the Liverpool John Moores University's School of Art and Design since 2014. She is best known for her work in forensic facial reconstruction and has been a contributor to many television programmes on the subject, as well as the creator of reconstructed heads of kings Richard III of England in 2013 and Robert the Bruce of Scotland in 2016.
She first became known to television audiences as a result of her regular appearances on the BBC series Meet the Ancestors, and also appeared on History Cold Case while working at the Centre for Anatomy & Human Identification (CAHID) at the University of Dundee (2005 - 2014).
In 2013, Wilkinson, then a professor of craniofacial identification at the University of Dundee, created a facial reconstruction of King Richard III, whose remains had been uncovered in a carpark and positively identified using DNA.
In 2014 Wilkinson was brought in to help identify the Beachy Head Lady. She immediately recognised the skull as being that of a Sub-Saharan African, a view subsequently confirmed unprompted by two other experts.
In December that year, Wilkinson created a facial reconstruction of Saint Nicholas, working from anatomical knowledge, tissue depth data, and the latest reconstruction technology. From his skeletal remains, it was known that his broken nose had "healed asymmetrically, giving him a characteristic nose and rugged facial appearance".
In 2016, Wilkinson helped create facial reconstructions of Robert the Bruce, using a skull believed to have belonged to the Scottish king. Two versions were created, one standard one and another based on the belief that he had suffered from leprosy.
She is the author of several works on the subject of facial reconstruction.
In 2012, she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Wilkinson was awarded the Combined Royal Colleges medal of the Royal Photographic Society in 2016, for "outstanding contribution to the advancement of medical photography or medical imaging."