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Cayster River
Küçük Menderes 1.png
Cayster near Ödemi?
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationBeyda?, ?zmir
 ⁃ elevation220 m (722 ft)
 ⁃ location
Selçuk, ?zmir
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length114 km (71 mi)
Basin size3,502 km2 (1,352 sq mi)
 ⁃ average11.45 m3/s (404 cu ft/s)

Küçük Menderes ("Little Meander"), Cayster River or Kaystros River (Ancient Greek: ) or Caystrus River is a river south of ?zmir, Turkey. It generally flows westward and arrive at the Aegean Sea at Pamucak beach, near Selçuk, ?zmir.

The ancient city of Ephesus was once an important port on the river,[1] but over the centuries, sedimentation gradually filled in the inlet around the city. The ancient port of Panormus was near its mouth.[2] The coastlines moved seaward, and the ruins of Ephesus are now some 8 km (5.0 mi) inland from the coast.

Its tributaries are the Fertek, Ulad?, Il?ca, De?irmen, Akta?, Rahmanlar, Prinçci, Yuval?, Ceriközkayas?, E?ridere, Birgi, Çevlik and Keles.

The river is currently just north of the Büyük Menderes ("Big Meander") River; both rivers have often changed their course.


  1. ^ Willcock, Malcolm M. (1976). A companion to the Iliad : based on the translation by Richard Lattimore ([9th print.] ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-226-89855-5.
  2. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854-1857). "Panormus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 37°57?28?N 27°15?49?E / 37.9578°N 27.2635°E / 37.9578; 27.2635

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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