Central Civil Services of India
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Central Civil Services of India

The Central Civil Services (CCS) are concerned directly with the union non-political executive administration and is the permanent bureaucracy of the federal Government of India.

Most of the specialized fields in civil services in India belong to the central services. The Central Civil Services are classified into Group A and Group B, both of which are gazetted.

In 2015, the Government of India approved the formation of Indian Skill Development Service.[1][2] Further, in 2016, the Government of India approved the formation of Indian Enterprise Development Service.[3]

The recruitment of the CCS (Group A) is made through Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I.E.S./I.S.S. Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). All promotions or empanelment in the CCS are either by Civil Services Board or by Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.

History

British India

With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919, the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, were split into two - All India Services and Central Services.[4]

The All India and Central Services (Group A) were designated as Central Superior Services as early as 1924.[5] From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India consisted of 10 All India Services and 5 central departments, all under the control of Secretary of State for India, and 3 central departments under joint Provincial and Imperial Control.[5]

The Central Services was headed by the Viceroy and Governor-General of India.

Modern India

The Group A officers are appointed by the President of India and appointments to Group B are made by the authorities specified by a general or special order of the President.

Central Services (Group A)

The Central Civil Services (Group A) are concerned with the administration of the Union Government.[6] All appointments to Central Civil Services (Group A) are made by the President of India.

  • Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)

Central Services (Group B)

For Group B posts, the Combined Graduate Level Examination (CGLE) is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC).[a][7]All appointments to Group B are made by the authorities specified by a general or special order of the President. [b][7]

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services
  • Botanical Survey of India, Group 'B'
  • Central Electrical Engineering Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Engineering Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Excise Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Health Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Power Engineering Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Secretariat Official Language Service, Group 'B'
  • Central Secretariat Service, Group 'B' (Section and Assistant Section Officers Grade only)
  • Central Secretariat Stenographers Service, Group 'B' (Private Secretary and Personal Assistant Grade only)
  • Customs Appraisers Service, Group 'B'- (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers)
  • Customs Preventive Service, Group 'B' - (Chief Inspectors)
  • Defence Secretariat Service
  • DANICS
  • DANIPS
  • Geological Survey of India, Group 'B'
  • Indian Foreign Service, Group 'B' - (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only)
  • Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Group 'B' Telecommunication Wing.
  • Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing, Group 'B'
  • Income Tax Service, Group 'B'
  • Indian Salt Service, Group 'B'
  • India Meteorological Service, Group 'B'
  • Survey of India, Group 'B'
  • Postal Superintendents' Service, Group 'B'
  • Postmasters' Service, Group 'B'
  • Railway Board Secretariat Service, Group 'B'(SO and ASO only)
  • Telecommunication Engineering Service, Group 'B'
  • Telegraphs Traffic Service, Group 'B
  • Zoological Survey of India, Group 'B'

Reforms and Challenges

In 2016, the Ministry of Finance for the first time, dismissed 72 and prematurely retired another 33 Indian Revenue Service officers for non-performance and on disciplinary grounds.[8][9][10][11][12] In 2019, Government of India dismissed 12 (IRS IT) and 15 (IRS Customs and Central Excise) officers for corruption and bribery charges.[13][14] In 2019, Department of Personnel and Training in Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions listed 284 Central Secretariat Service officers for performance audit by review panel headed by Cabinet Secretary of India.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Government nod to raise new Group-A civil service cadre". Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ "Govt approves formation of Indian Skill Development Service". Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "Cabinet approves enterprise development cadre". Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Goel, S.L. Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Deep and Deep Publications, 2008. ISBN 9788176293952.
  5. ^ a b Maheshwari, Shriram. Problems and Issues in Administrative Federalism. Allied Publishers. ISBN 9788170233428.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-04. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b Complete Civil Service Schedule of the Central Civil Services Group B of India." Central Civil Service Group B - Government of India, 20 April 2020.
  8. ^ "For good governance, Finance Ministry fires 72 tax officers, retires 33 more". Business Standard. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Government takes strict action against defaulting/non performing tax officials/officers". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "Absent for years, government sacks 11 IRS officers". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ "108 IRS officers under CBI probe for alleged corruption: Government". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ "CBI seizes 2 crore in old currency from city residence of IRS officer". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Govt sacks 12 senior I-T officers including a senior officer for corruption". Business Standard. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ "Govt Sacks 15 Senior Customs, Central Excise Officers Over Corruption, Bribery Charges". Outlook. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ "Modi govt to retire Central Secretariat Service officers now, 284 of them under scanner". The Print. Retrieved 2019.

Notes

  1. ^ The Schedule of Central Civil Services for Group 'B'. The complete list as per Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Govt. of India
  2. ^ The Schedule of Central Civil Services for Group 'B'. The complete list as per Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Govt. of India

External links


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