Chamber of Deputies
Câmara dos Deputados
|56th Legislature of the National Congress|
|Founded||May 6, 1826|
New session started
|February 1, 2020|
Aguinaldo Ribeiro, PP
José Guimarães, PT
Length of term
|Open list proportional representation|
|October 7, 2018|
|October 2, 2022|
|Ulysses Guimarães plenary chamber|
National Congress building
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
The Chamber of Deputies (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current President of the Chamber is the Deputy Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), who was reelected on February 1, 2019.
The legislatures are counted from the first meeting of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate, on 6 May 1826, in the imperial era (the Chamber of Deputies met for preparatory sessions from 29 April 1826 to elect its officers and conduct other preliminary business, but the Legislature was formally opened on 6 May). The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate were created by Brazil's first Constitution, the Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, adopted in 1824. The numbering of the legislatures is continuous and counts all bicameral legislatures elected since the adoption of the 1824 Constitution including the imperial General Assembly and the republican National Congress. The previous constituent and legislative assembly of the Empire of Brazil, a unicameral national assembly convened in 1823 and dissolved by Emperor Pedro I before the Constitution was adopted, is not counted. The inauguration of a new composition of Chamber of Deputies for a four-year term of office marks the start of a new Legislature.
In the imperial era the national legislature was named General Assembly. It was made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Senators were elected for life and the Senate was a permanent institution, whereas the Chamber of Deputies, unless dissolved earlier, was elected every four years. When Brazil became a republic and a federal state, the model of a bicameral legislature was retained at the federal level, but the parliament was renamed National Congress. The National Congress is made up of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. Both houses have fixed terms and cannot be dissolved earlier. Under Brazil's present Constitution, adopted in 1988, senators are elected to eight-year terms and deputies are elected every four years.
Each Brazilian state (and the Federal District) is represented in the Senate by three senators.
Elections to the Senate are held every four years, with either a third or two thirds of the seats up for election.
The number of deputies elected is proportional to the size of the population of the respective state (or of the Federal District) as of 1994. However, no delegation can be made up of less than eight or more than seventy seats. Thus the least populous state elects eight federal deputies and the most populous elects seventy. These restrictions favour the smaller states at the expense of the more populous states and so the size of the delegations is not exactly proportional to population.
Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held every four years, with all seats up for election.
Legislatures elected under the Republic of 46
Legislatures elected under the Military Regime
Legislatures elected after the restoration of civilian government ("New Republic")
The number of seats per state is distributed according to the number of inhabitants per state, according to the official measurement taken by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics through a census held each 10 years. The Brazilian population is represented by one deputy for each 362,013 inhabitants on average, but this proportionality is limited by having a minimum of eight members and a maximum of seventy members per state, these criteria being subject to an apportionment paradox.
Therefore, states with 3,258,117 inhabitants upwards have 9 to 70 deputies. Following this scenario for example the city of São Paulo with its 11,253,503 inhabitants is represented by 31 deputies of the total members of the state and the rest of the state with its 28,670,588 inhabitants are represented by 39 MPs (Member of Parliament).
There is a distorted representation of the Brazilian states in congress, having some groups of deputies representing on average more than the proportion of the population of the state, and others representing less. That proportionality means that Roraima is represented by a deputy for every 51,000 inhabitants and, at the other extreme, São Paulo is represented by one deputy for every 585,000 inhabitants. This difference is reflected in the representation of the states in the Brazilian Congress, where some states are over-represented, such as Roraima, with 681% of the population represented by their congressmen, and other states are under represented, such as the state of São Paulo, with 63% of the population represented by their congressmen. The proportionality is calculated through the division of the percentage of deputies of a state in the chamber by the percentage of the population of such state in the nation. The population of the state of São Paulo, for instance, elects only 70 deputies to the Chamber, because of the maximum limits of 70 congressmen by state, but it should have 40 more seats.
|Federal state||Number of members||% Of total members||Population (on the census also called Censo 2010)||% Of the population (Censo 2010)||Representativeness (Inhabitants / Mr)||Deputies of national average||% Representative distortion||% Of the population represented by MPs||Deputies required ignoring the limits|
|Rio de Janeiro||46||9%||15,180,636||8.2%||330,014||42||0.80%||110%||-4|
|Rio Grande do Sul||31||6%||10,576,758||5.7%||341,186||29||0.30%||106%||-2|
|Mato Grosso do Sul||8||1.6%||2,404,256||1.3%||300,532||7||0.30%||120%||-1|
|Rio Grande do Norte||8||1.6%||3,121,451||1.7%||390,181||9||-0.10%||93%||1|
|Total||513||100%||185,712,713||100%||362,013 (deputy national average)||514 (Population / deputy national average)||0.30% accumulated (% of total members -% of the population)||156% average (number of members / Deputies of national average)||1|
|Party||Floor leader||Seats||% of seats|
|Social Liberal||Felipe Francischini||41||7.99%|
|Social Democratic||Diego Andrade||36||7.02%|
|Brazilian Democratic Movement||Baleia Rossi||34||6.63%|
|Brazilian Social Democracy||Carlos Sampaio||32||6.24%|
|Republicanos||Jhonatan de Jesus||32||6.24%|
|Brazilian Socialist||Alessandro Molon||30||5.85%|
|Democratic Labour||Wolney Queiroz||28||5.46%|
|Solidariedade||José Silva Soares||14||2.73%|
|Brazilian Labour||Pedro Lucas Fernandes||12||2.34%|
|Republican Party of the Social Order||Acácio Favacho||10||1.95%|
|Socialism and Liberty||Sâmia Bomfim||10||1.95%|
|Social Christian||André Ferreira||9||1.75%|
|Communist Party of Brazil||Perpétua Almeida||8||1.56%|
|Sustainability Network||Joênia Wapichana||1||0.19%|
|Government||340||Ricardo Barros (PP)|
|Majority||340||Aguinaldo Ribeiro (PP)|
|Opposition||166||Alessandro Molon (PSB)|
|Minority||166||José Guimarães (PT)|
|PL, PP, PSD, MDB, DEM, SDD, PTB, PROS, AVANTE Bloc||220||Arthur Lira (PP)|
The House of Deputies is composed of the Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil by College Leaders and the Commissions, which can be permanent, temporary, or special inquiry.
The current composition of the Board of the Chamber of Deputies is the following:
President: Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ)
1st Vice President: Marcos Pereira (PRB-SP)
2nd Vice President: Luciano Bivar (PSL-PE)
1st Secretary: Soraya Santos (PR-RJ)
2nd Secretary: Mário Heringer (PDT-MG)
3rd Secretary: Fábio Faria (PSD-RN)
4th Secretary: André Fufuca (PP-MA)
1st Secretary Substitute: Rafael Motta (PSB-RN)
2nd Secretary Substitute: Geovania de Sá (PSDB-SC)
3rd Secretary Substitute: Isnaldo Bulhões Jr. (MDB-AL)
4th Secretary Substitute: Assis Carvalho (PT-PI)
This section needs to be updated.March 2017)(
On March 6 of 2012, was defined division of committees between parties. The President's House, Marco Maia, believes that the proportionality between the parties / blocs must take into account the data of the last election. Thus, PT and PMDB, with the highest benches, were three committees (the PT made the choice first). DEM and PSDB, the two largest opposition, were two commissions each. On the other hand, PSD, most harmed by this decision, filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court (STF) trying to reverse this decision.
The chair of the committee, was defined as follows:
|Agriculture, Livestock, Supply and Rural Development||Fausto Pinato (REPUBLICANOS-SP)|
|Consumer Defence||João Maia (PL-RN)|
|Constitution, Justice and Citizenship||Felipe Francischini (PSL-PR)|
|Culture||Benedita da Silva (PT-RJ)|
|Defense of Women Rights||Luisa Canziani (PTB-PR)|
|Defense of Elderly Rights||Lídice da Mata (PSB-PA)|
|Defense of People with Disabilities Rights||Gilberto Nascimento (PSC-SP)|
|Economic Development, Industry, Trade and Services||Bosco Saraiva (SD-AM)|
|Education||Pedro Cunha Lima (PSDB-PB)|
|Environment and Sustainable Development||Roberto Agostinho (PSB-SP)|
|Finances and Taxation||Sergio Souza (MDB-PR)|
|Financial Supervision and Control||Léo Motta (PSL-MG)|
|Foreign Affairs and National Defence||Eduardo Bolsonaro (PSL-SP)|
|Human Rights and Minorities||Helder Salomão (PT-MG)|
|Labor, Administration and Public Service||Professora Marcivania (PCdoB-AP)|
|Mines and Energy||Silas Câmara (REPUBLICANOS-AM)|
|National Integration, Regional Development and Amazon||Átila Lins (PP-AM)|
|Participative Legislation||Leonardo Monteiro (PT-MG)|
|Public Security and Fight Against Organized Crime||Capitão Augusto (PL-SP)|
|Roads and Transports||Eli Corrêa Filho (DEM-SP)|
|Science and Technology, Communication and Computing||Felix Mendonça Junior (PDT-BA)|
|Social Security and Family||Antonio Brito (PSD-BA)|
|Sports||Fábio Mitidieri (PSD-SE)|
|Tourism||Newton Cardoso Junior (MDB-MG)|
|Urban Development||Marco Feliciano (PODE-SP)|
defines the distribution of the standing committeesMissing or empty
going to have the Supreme Command of committees in the HouseMissing or empty