Charles De Broqueville
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Charles De Broqueville
Charles, 1st Count de Broqueville

DeBroqueville.jpg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Armes de Broqueville.svg
Coat of arms
20th Prime Minister of Belgium

22 October 1932 - 20 November 1934
MonarchAlbert I
Leopold III
Jules Renkin
Georges Theunis

17 June 1911 - 1 June 1918
MonarchAlbert I
Frans Schollaert
Gérard Cooreman
Personal details
Born(1860-12-04)4 December 1860
Postel, Belgium
Died5 September 1940(1940-09-05) (aged 79)
Brussels, Belgium
Political partyCatholic Party
Memorial to Charles de Broqueville on Avenue de Broqueville, Woluwe-St-Lambert, Brussels

Charles Marie Pierre Albert, 1st Count de Broqueville (4 December 1860 - 5 September 1940) was the 20th Prime Minister of Belgium, serving during World War I.

Before 1914

First elected to the Chamber of Representatives in the 1892 election, he represented the arrondissement of Turnhout until June 1919.

He was the leader of Belgium's Catholic Party, and he served as prime minister between 1911 and 1918, heading the de Broqueville government.

Once it became clear that Germany intended to violate Belgian neutrality in August 1914, he oversaw Belgium's mobilization for war. Despite the mobilization, de Broqueville opposed King Albert I's proposal to deploy the Belgian Army along the German frontier in 1914 — instead strategically placing them throughout the country. He recognized that wartime support for Belgium depended upon its continued status as a non-provocative neutral power.

1914-1918

The German invasion of 1914 forced the Belgian government into exile at Le Havre. De Broqueville fought the king on the neutrality issue, hereby denying Belgium a full alliance with the Allied forces.

This opposition of the king critically weakened de Broqueville's stance among members of his cabinet. Consequently, he resigned as Foreign Secretary in January 1918 and as Prime Minister in May when he lost the support of his own party.

De Broqueville also served as minister in various departments:

  • Minister of Railways and PTT (Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones) 1910-1912
  • Minister of War 1912-1917
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs 1917
  • Minister of Reconstruction 1917-1918
  • Minister of the Interior 1918-1919
  • Minister of National Defence 1926-1930

After the War

Later, Charles de Broqueville became Prime Minister a second time, serving from 22 October 1932 until 20 November 1934.

Honours and arms

Foreign
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Armes de Broqueville.svg
Coronet
A Belgian Count's coronet
Escutcheon
Azure, a saltire or, accompanied in chief of a six-pointed star or
Motto
Quis me fortior aut fidelior

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Royal Decree of 1919/-Mémorial du centenaire de l'Ordre de Léopold. 1832-1932. Bruxelles, J. Rozez, 1933..

References and further reading

  • Louis DE LICHTERVELDE, Charles de Broqueville, in: Biographie Nationale de Belgique, t. XXIX, 1956-1957, p. 369-377.
  • Paul VAN MOLLE, La parlement belge, 1894-1972, Antwerp, 1972
  • Luc SCHEPENS, Albert Ier et le gouvernement Broqueville, 1914-1918 : aux origines de la question communautaire. Paris 1983,
  • Thierry DENOËL, Le nouveau dictionnaire des Belges, 2e éd. revue et augm., Brussels, Le Cri, 1992, p. 167.
  • Maria DE WAELE, Charles de Broqueville, in: Nieuwe Encyclopedie van de Vlaamse Beweging, Tielt, 1998
  • Paul VOS, Charles de Broqueville op de kering der tijden, in: Vlaamse Stam, 2012, blz. 122-142.
  • Frans RENAERS, De opvoeding van Charles de Broqueville, in: Vlaamse Stam, blz 142-145.

External links


Political offices
Preceded by
Frans Schollaert
Prime Minister of Belgium
1911-1918
Succeeded by
Gérard Cooreman
Preceded by
Jules Renkin
Prime Minister of Belgium
1932-1934
Succeeded by
Georges Theunis

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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