Chhatrapati (Devanagari) is a royal title from the Indian subcontinent. It is often taken to be the equivalent of emperor, and was used by the Marathas. The word 'Chhatrapati' is a tatpurusha Sanskrit compound of chhatra (parasol or umbrella) and pati (master/lord/ruler). The parasol was considered a symbol of absolute, or even universal, sovereignty and consecrated kingship, and has been used by monarchies outside of India, as well. The title indicates a person who is a sovereign ruler over other princes, and not a vassal. In contrast, the Indian titles of Maharaja or Raja, Yuvraj, Rajkumar or Kumar, and Senapati, reflect a range of European equivalent meanings, from King, Crown Prince, and Prince, to Duke, Count, or Lord. Shivaji adopted 'Chhatrapati' it since other titles were bestowed by other lieges and paramount rulers, like the Adilshahis or Mughals.
The following list details the Chhatrapatis of the House of Bhosle. The title was held by his successors who were themselves very powerful like Sambhaji, Tarabai, Shahu. Although after the death of Chhatrapati Shahu, the increasing power of the Peshwas and later Maratha generals reduced it to a nominal position. The Grand Princes of Satara were generally considered the inheritors of the title, although the Rajas of Kohlapur did have a claim by descent, as their position began as a subsidiary title of Shivaji II due to location of his court. His mother, the Regent Tarabai, established a rival regime in Kohlapur, challenging both the power of Shahu.
|Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj||c.19 February 1630||1674 - 1680||13 April 1680|
|Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj||14 May 1657||20 July 1680 - 11 March 1689||11 March 1689|
|Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj||24 February 1670||1689 - 1700||3 March 1700|
|Shivaji II||9 June 1696||1700 - 1708||14 March 1726|
|Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj||18 May 1682||1708 - 1748||15 December 1749|