Chief Justice of India
Get Chief Justice of India essential facts below. View Videos or join the Chief Justice of India discussion. Add Chief Justice of India to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Chief Justice of India

Chief Justice of India
Emblem of the Supreme Court of India.svg
Emblem of the Supreme Court of India
CJI Ranjan gogoi.jpg
Incumbent
Hon'ble Justice Ranjan Gogoi

since 3 October 2018
Supreme Court
AbbreviationCJI
SeatNew Delhi
NominatorCollegium of the Supreme Court of India
AppointerPresident of India
Term lengthtill the age of 65 yrs[1]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of India (under Article 124)
Formation1950; 69 years ago (1950)
First holderH. J. Kania (1950-1951)[2]
Salary (US$4,100) (per month)[3]
WebsiteSupreme Court of India

The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India[4] and the Supreme Court of India. The CJI also heads their administrative functions.

As head of the supreme court, the chief justice is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law.[5] In accordance with Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966, the Chief Justice allocates all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her (for re-allocation) in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges.

On the administrative side, the Chief Justice carries out the following functions: maintenance of the roster; appointment of court officials and general and miscellaneous matters relating to the supervision and functioning of the Supreme Court.

However this convention has been broken twice. In 1973, Justice AN Ray was appointed superseding 3 senior judges. Also, in 1975 Justice MH Beg was appointed as the CJI superseding Justice HR Khanna.

The present CJI is Justice Ranjan Gogoi, and is the 46th CJI since 3 October 2018.28th January 1950, the year the Constitution came into effect and the supreme court came into being. He succeeded Justice Dipak Misra on 2 October 2018, and will remain in office till 17 November 2019, the day he retires on turning 65 years in age.

Appointment

Article 124 of the Constitution of India provides the matter of appointing judges of the Supreme Court. Though no specific provision exists in the Constitution for appointing the Chief Justice, who as a result, is appointed like the other judges[6] conventionally, the outgoing CJI recommends the name of the senior-most judge (i.e. by date of appointment to the Supreme Court) for appointment by the President of India, as his successor.[7][8]

Removal

Article 124(4) of Constitution of India lays down the procedure for removal of a Judge of Supreme Court which is applicable to Chief Justice as well. Once appointed, the Chief Justice remains in the office until the age of 65 years. He can be removed only through a process of impeachment by Parliament as follows:

A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

-- Article 124(4), Constitution of India, [6]

Acting President

The President (Discharge of Functions) Act, 1969[9] of India provides that the Chief Justice of India (CJI) shall act as the President of India in the event of the offices of both the President and the Vice President being vacant. When President Zakir Hussain died in office, the Vice President V. V. Giri, acted as the President. Later, Mr. Giri resigned as the Vice President. The CJI, Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah then became the acting President of India. As per the convention, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court became the acting CJI. When the newly elected President took office a month later, Justice Hidayatullah reverted as the Chief Justice of India.

List of Chief Justices of India

  1. H. J. Kania
  2. M. Patanjali Sastri
  3. Mehr Chand Mahajan
  4. Bijan Kumar Mukherjea
  5. Sudhi Ranjan Das
  6. Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha
  7. P. B. Gajendragadkar
  8. Amal Kumar Sarkar
  9. Koka Subba Rao
  10. Kailas Nath Wanchoo
  11. Mohammad Hidayatullah
  12. Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah
  13. Sarv Mittra Sikri
  14. A. N. Ray
  15. Mirza Hameedullah Beg
  16. Y. V. Chandrachud
  17. P. N. Bhagwati
  18. Raghunandan Swarup Pathak
  19. Engalaguppe Seetharamiah Venkataramiah
  20. Sabyasachi Mukharji
  21. Ranganath Misra
  22. Kamal Narain Singh
  23. Madhukar Hiralal Kania
  24. Lalit Mohan Sharma
  25. M. N. Venkatachaliah
  26. Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi
  27. J. S. Verma
  28. M. M. Punchhi
  29. A. S. Anand
  30. S. P. Bharucha
  31. B. N. Kirpal
  32. Gopal Ballav Pattanaik
  33. V. N. Khare
  34. S. Rajendra Babu
  35. R. C. Lahoti
  36. Y. K. Sabharwal
  37. K. G. Balakrishnan
  38. S. H. Kapadia
  39. Altamas Kabir
  40. P. Sathasivam
  41. Rajendra Mal Lodha
  42. H. L. Dattu
  43. T. S. Thakur
  44. J. S. Khehar
  45. Dipak Mishra
  46. Ranjan Gogoi


Remuneration

The Constitution of India gives the power of deciding remuneration as well as other conditions of service of the Chief Justice to the Parliament of India. Accordingly, such provisions have been laid down in The Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1958.[10][11] This remuneration was revised in 2006-2008, after the sixth central pay commission's recommendation.[12]

2018 crisis

In 2018, in an unprecedented act, four supreme court justices spoke out against the acting CJI Dipak Misra. Prior to Misra, no CJI had ever been indicted for fraud. Since then, the post of the CJI and the Supreme Court in general has come under increased scrutiny. Though the CJI's powers and duties have been considered equivalent to the other justices of the Supreme Court, under Misra, the court pronounced that the CJI "alone has the prerogative to constitute the benches of the court and allocate cases to the benches so constituted" even if the case involved accusations against the CJI him/herself, thus creating the provision to violate the in causa sua principle of natural justice.[13]

References

  1. ^ "Supreme Court of India - CJI & Sitting Judges". Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Supreme Court of India Retired Hon'ble the Chief Justices' of India". Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "Supreme Court, High Court judges get nearly 200% salary hike". The Hindustan Times. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Narasimham, R L, Justice (CJ, Orissa H. C.). "Chief Justice Sinha - A Review of Some of His Decisions (page 5 of 8)" (PDF). Indian Law Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 September 2016.
  5. ^ Saxena, Namit (23 December 2016). "New Captain Of The Ship, Change In Sailing Rules Soon?". Live Law. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Article 124, Constitution of India". Vakilno1.com. Archived from the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ Venkatesan, J. (4 November 2015). "TS Thakur to succeed HL Dattu as new Chief Justice of India". Asian Age. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Seniority as the Norm to Appoint India's Chief Justice is a Dubious Convention". The WIre. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "President Discharge of Functions Act 1969 Complete Act - Citation 134059 - Bare Act | LegalCrystal".
  10. ^ "The High Court and Supreme Court Judges Salaries and Conditions of Service Amendment Bill 2008" (PDF). PRS India.
  11. ^ "Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act 1958" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ (PDF). 2008 https://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/vikas_doc/docs/1241592662~~1230018357_The_High_Court_and_Supreme_Court_Judges__Salaries_and_Conditions_of_Service__Amendment_Bill__2008.pdf. Retrieved 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Dev, Atul. "Dipak Misra's shadow over the Supreme Court". The Caravan. Archived from the original on 8 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Chief_Justice_of_India
 



 



 
Music Scenes