|Founded||10 October 1925|
|Newspaper||Zhongguofazhan (China Development)|
Zhongguozhigong (China Zhi Gong)
|National affiliation||United Front|
|National People's Congress|
|Standing Committee of NPC|
|China Zhi Gong Party|
|Zhuang||Cunghgoz Ceiqgoeng Danj|
|Mongolian script||? ? |
The China Zhi Gong Party (Chinese: ; lit. 'Public Interest Party of China') is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that are subservient to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and represented in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, a principal organisation in the United Front. Some scholars have described the Zhi Gong Party as "gathering non-party voices to support the party".
The China Zhi Gong Party derives from the overseas Hung Society organisation "Hung Society Zhigong Hall" or "Chee Kong Tong", based in San Francisco, USA. This organisation was one of the key supporters of Sun Yat-sen in his revolutionary efforts to overthrow the Qing dynasty.
The party was founded in October 1925 in San Francisco, and was led by Chen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao, two ex-Kuomintang warlords that went into opposition. Their first platform was federalism and multi-party democracy. The party moved its headquarters to Hong Kong in 1926. After the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 it began engaging in anti-Japanese propaganda and boycotts. The party was nearly wiped out during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The party turned to the left during its third party congress in 1947.
After the People's Republic of China was founded, at the invitation of the CCP, representatives of the CZGP attended the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC in 1949. They participated in drawing up the CPPCC Common Program and electing the Central People's Government. As part of the CCP's reorganisation of the minor aligned parties, the CZGP was designated as the party of returned overseas Chinese, their relatives, and noted figures and scholars who have overseas ties.
On occasions, the Zhi Gong Party appears to be used as an intermediary for contacts with certain foreign interests. For example, when a delegation of Paraguayan politicians visited Beijing in 2001 and met Li Peng (despite Paraguay having diplomatic relations not with PRC but with ROC in Taiwan), it was invited not by the PRC government or the CCP, but by the Zhi Gong Party.
In April 2007, Wan Gang, Deputy Chair of the Zhi Gong Party Central Committee, was appointed Technology Minister of China. This was the first non-Communist Party ministerial appointment in China since the 1950s.