China Zhi Gong Party
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China Zhi Gong Party

China Zhi Gong Party

(Zh?ngguó Zhìg?ngd?ng)
ChairpersonWan Gang
Founded10 October 1925; 95 years ago (1925-10-10)
Preceded byHongmen
HeadquartersBeijing, China
NewspaperZhongguofazhan (China Development)[1]
Zhongguozhigong (China Zhi Gong)[2]
Membership (2016)48,000[3][4]
Ideology
National affiliationUnited Front
National People's Congress
Standing Committee of NPC
Party flag
?.svg
Website
www.zg.org.cn
China Zhi Gong Party
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Tibetan name
Tibetan?
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunghgoz Ceiqgoeng Danj
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic ?
Mongolian script? ?
?
Uyghur name
Uyghur
Manchu name
Manchu script
RomanizationZhig'ongdang

The China Zhi Gong Party (Chinese: ; lit. 'Public Interest Party of China') is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that are subservient to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and represented in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, a principal organisation in the United Front.[7][8] Some scholars have described the Zhi Gong Party as "gathering non-party voices to support the party".[9]

History

The China Zhi Gong Party derives from the overseas Hung Society organisation "Hung Society Zhigong Hall" or "Chee Kong Tong", based in San Francisco, USA. This organisation was one of the key supporters of Sun Yat-sen in his revolutionary efforts to overthrow the Qing dynasty.

The party was founded in October 1925 in San Francisco, and was led by Chen Jiongming and Tang Jiyao, two ex-Kuomintang warlords that went into opposition. Their first platform was federalism and multi-party democracy.[] The party moved its headquarters to Hong Kong in 1926. After the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 it began engaging in anti-Japanese propaganda and boycotts. The party was nearly wiped out during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The party turned to the left during its third party congress in 1947.[]

After the People's Republic of China was founded, at the invitation of the CCP, representatives of the CZGP attended the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC in 1949. They participated in drawing up the CPPCC Common Program and electing the Central People's Government. As part of the CCP's reorganisation of the minor aligned parties, the CZGP was designated as the party of returned overseas Chinese, their relatives, and noted figures and scholars who have overseas ties.[]

On occasions, the Zhi Gong Party appears to be used as an intermediary for contacts with certain foreign interests. For example, when a delegation of Paraguayan politicians visited Beijing in 2001 and met Li Peng (despite Paraguay having diplomatic relations not with PRC but with ROC in Taiwan), it was invited not by the PRC government or the CCP, but by the Zhi Gong Party.[10]

In April 2007, Wan Gang, Deputy Chair of the Zhi Gong Party Central Committee, was appointed Technology Minister of China. This was the first non-Communist Party ministerial appointment in China since the 1950s.[]

Leaders

  1. Chen Jiongming (1925-1933)
  2. Chen Yansheng () (1933-1947)
  3. Li Jishen (1947-1950)
  4. Chen Qiyou () (1950-1979)
  5. Huang Dingchen () (1979-1984)
  6. Dong Yinchu () (1984-1997)
  7. Luo Haocai (1997-2007)
  8. Wan Gang (2007-present)[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 1, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ To, James Jiann Hua (May 15, 2014). Qiaowu: Extra-Territorial Policies for the Overseas Chinese. BRILL. p. 80. ISBN 978-90-04-27228-6.
  8. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (July 12, 2019). "The Chinese Influence Effort Hiding in Plain Sight". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Tatlow, Didi Kirsten; Feldwisch-Drentrup, Hinnerk; Fedasiuk, Ryan (August 3, 2020), Hannas, William C.; Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (eds.), "Europe: A technology transfer mosaic", China's Quest for Foreign Technology (1 ed.), Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2021. |: Routledge, pp. 113-129, doi:10.4324/9781003035084-10, ISBN 978-1-003-03508-4CS1 maint: location (link)
  10. ^ Chinese Top Legislator Meets Paraguayan Delegation Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine (July 31, 2001)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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