Chirala
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Chirala

Chirala

Kshirapuri
Clock Tower Centre in Chirala
Clock Tower Centre in Chirala
Nickname(s): 
Chirala;Kshirapuri
Chirala is located in Andhra Pradesh
Chirala
Chirala
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°49?29?N 80°21?08?E / 15.8246°N 80.3521°E / 15.8246; 80.3521Coordinates: 15°49?29?N 80°21?08?E / 15.8246°N 80.3521°E / 15.8246; 80.3521
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictPrakasam
Government
 o TypeMunicipal council
 o BodyChirala Municipality
Area
 o Total13.30 km2 (5.14 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population
(2011)[3]
 o Total92,942
 o Density7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chiralakar
Languages
 o OfficialTelugu,Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
523 155
Telephone code+91-8594
Vehicle registrationAP-27
WebsiteChirala Municipality

Chirala (About this soundpronunciation ) also known as Kshirapuri is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Chirala mandal in Ongole revenue division.[4][5] As of 2011census of India, it had a population of 87,200. It is also known as 'SMALL BOMBAY' or 'MINI MUMBAI' of South India where textiles and hand-loom are famous till date. It is also one of the main producers of Cashew Nuts in different varieties and are exported across the world. Chirala is also famous tourist spot for beach resorts, Vodarevu beach is just 6 kilo meter's away.

Etymology

The town was also known as Kshirapuri, which translates as the sea looks as white as milk. The name got transformed to Chirala, where Chira means Sari.[6]

History

Chirala region is an important region of ancient Kammanadu.[7]

Geography

The coordinates of the town are 15°49?29?N 80°21?08?E / 15.8246°N 80.3521°E / 15.8246; 80.3521 and is located at an altitude of 3 m (9.8 ft) from the coast of Bay of Bengal.[2]

Climate

The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperature records at 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well. The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 200 millimetres (8 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).[8]

Governance

Municipal office

Chirala Municipality is the civic governing body of the town. It is a first grade municipality, constituted on 1 April 1948 and has a jurisdictional area of 13.57 km2 (5.24 sq mi) with 33 election wards.[1][9] The present municipal commissioner of the town is P.Sreenivasa Rao.[10] The constituents of Chirala urban agglomeration include, Chirala Municipality, census towns of Chirala, Vetapalem; out growths of Ipurupalem , and Kothapeta.[11]

Economy

Chirala Beach

Handloom weaving industry is one of the main occupation the town.[12]

Demographics

As of 2011census of India, the town had a population of 92,942 with 23,070 households. It shows 2.04% growth in population, compared to 2001 Census of India which was recorded as 85,455.[13] The total population constitute, 42,927 males and 44,273 females --a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[14] 8,389 children are in the age group of 0-6 years, of which 4,253 are boys and 4,136 are girls --a ratio of 973 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 78.80% with 62,099 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[4][15]

The urban agglomeration population of Chirala is 162,471.[6][16]

Transport

Chirala railway station main entrance

The town is also well connected with National and state highways. The National Highway 214A passes through the town, which connects Digamarru and Ongole.[17]State Highway 48, also referred as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road connects the town with Guntur.[18]State Highway 45 connects it with Piduguralla, which passes through Narasaraopet and Chilakaluripet.[19] Public transport includes, the buses operated by state run APSRTC services. Chirala railway station is an A-Category station in Vijayawada Railway Division of South Central Railway zone. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways.[20]

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[21][22] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Chirala, India". fallingrain.com.
  3. ^ Template:7 web
  4. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 16-17,44. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 141, 175. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ a b "About Chirala Municipality". chirala.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ General, India. Office of the Registrar (1964), Census of India, 1961, Manager of Publications, p. 13 (item 11)
  8. ^ "CLIMATE: CHIRALA". Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Municipality Profile". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration, Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "Key Contacts". chirala.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Name of Urban Agglomeration and its State constituent Units-2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 23. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ Murali, S (14 October 2015). "Chirala weavers upbeat over heavy procurement orders". The Hindu. Chirala. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ "Chapter-3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ "Chirala Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "National Highways in A.P". AP Online Portal. Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (8 October 2015). "Nizampatnam backwaters beckon adventure geeks". The Hindu. Guntur. Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ "Road Maps". Roads and Buildings Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "Vijayawada division - A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 2016.

Chirala bustings: Buses from chirala to surrounding places

http://buddhabeachresorts.com


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Chirala
 



 



 
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