Chiyoda, Tokyo
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Chiyoda, Tokyo
Chiyoda

?
Chiyoda City
The National Diet Building, Chiyoda, Tokyo
The National Diet Building, Chiyoda, Tokyo
Flag of Chiyoda
Flag
Location of Chiyoda in Tokyo
Location of Chiyoda in Tokyo
Chiyoda is located in Japan
Chiyoda
Chiyoda
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°41?38.41?N 139°45?12.94?E / 35.6940028°N 139.7535944°E / 35.6940028; 139.7535944Coordinates: 35°41?38.41?N 139°45?12.94?E / 35.6940028°N 139.7535944°E / 35.6940028; 139.7535944
CountryJapan
RegionKant?
PrefectureTokyo
Area
 o Total11.66 km2 (4.50 sq mi)
Population
(May 1, 2015)
 o Total54,462
 o Density4,670/km2 (12,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address1-2-1 Kudanminami,
Chiyoda, Tokyo
102-8688
Websitewww.city.chiyoda.lg.jp

Chiyoda (?, Chiyoda-ku) is a special ward located in central Tokyo, Japan. It is known as Chiyoda City in English.[1]

It was formed in 1947 as a merger of Kanda and K?jimachi wards following Tokyo City's transformation into Tokyo Metropolis. The modern Chiyoda ward exhibits contrasting Shitamachi and Yamanote geographical and cultural division. The Kanda area is in the core of Shitamachi,[2] the original commercial center of Edo-Tokyo. On the other hand, the western part of the K?jimachi area typically represents a Yamanote district.

Chiyoda consists of the Imperial Palace and a surrounding radius of about a kilometer. As of May 2015, the ward has an estimated population of 54,462, and a population density of 4,670 people per km², making it by far the least populated of the special wards. The total area is 11.66 km², of which the Imperial Palace, Hibiya Park, National Museum of Modern Art, and Yasukuni Shrine take up approximately 2.6 km², or 22% of the total area.

Often called the "political center" of the country,[3] Chiyoda, literally meaning "field of a thousand generations", inherited the name from the Chiyoda Castle (the other name for Edo Castle, today's Imperial Palace). With the seat of the Emperor in the Imperial Palace at the ward's center, many government institutions, such as the National Diet, the Prime Minister's Official Residence, the Supreme Court, ministries, and agencies are also located in Chiyoda, as are Tokyo landmarks such as Tokyo Station, Yasukuni Shrine and the Budokan. Akihabara, a district known for being an otaku cultural center and a shopping district for computer goods, is also located in Chiyoda, as are fifteen embassies.

History

The Chiyoda ward was created on March 15, 1947 by the merger of Kanda Ward (the northeast corner of present-day Chiyoda) and K?jimachi Ward (comprising the rest of Chiyoda). It has been a site of a number of historical events.

Geography

Grounds of the Tokyo Imperial Palace

Chiyoda is located at the very heart of former Tokyo City in eastern mainland Tokyo. The central area of the ward is furthermore occupied by the Imperial Palace. The east side of the ward, bordering Ch, is the location of Tokyo Station. The south side, bordering Minato, encompasses Hibiya Park and the National Diet Building. It is almost exclusively occupied by administrations and agencies. The west and northwest are primarily upper class residential; the Yasukuni Shrine is also there. To the north and northeast are several residential neighborhoods and the Akihabara commercial district.

Politics and government

Chiyoda ward office building.
National Diet Building in Chiyoda

Local government

Chiyoda is run by a directly elected mayor and a city assembly of 25 elected members. The current mayor is Masami Ishikawa, an independent.

Metropolitan representation

For the Metropolitan Assembly, Chiyoda forms a single-member electoral district. It had been represented by Liberal Democrats for 50 years until the landslide 2009 election when then 26-year-old Democratic newcomer Zenk? Kurishita unseated 70-year-old former Metropolitan Assembly president and six term assemblyman, Liberal Democrat Shigeru Uchida.[4] In the 2013 election, no Democrat contested the seat and Uchida won back the district against a Communist and two independents.

The Tokyo Fire Department has its headquarters in ?temachi in Chiyoda.[5]

National representation

For the national House of Representatives, Chiyoda, together with Minato and Shinjuku, forms the prefecture's 1st electoral district since the electoral reform of the 1990s. The district is currently represented by Constitutional Democrat Banri Kaieda.

The ward is also home to the National Diet, the Supreme Court of Japan and the residence of the Prime Minister of Japan and is the political nerve center of Japan.

International representation

Cityscape

On December 31, 2001, Chiyoda had 6,572 buildings which were four stories or taller.[1]

Some of the districts in Chiyoda are actually not inhabited, either because they are parks (Hibiya Koen), because they consist only of office buildings (Otemachi or Marunouchi), and/or because they are extremely small. The area on the eastern side of Akihabara Station is the location of several districts that cover at most a few buildings. Kanda-Hanaokach? is, for example, limited to the Akihabara Station and the Yodobashi Camera department store. Understanding the address system in the Kanda area can be particularly troublesome for non-locals.

Districts and neighborhoods

K?jimachi Area

Hibiya Park

Kanda Area

  • Kanda Area (?, former Kanda Ward (Kanda-ku)). Soto-Kanda, at the northern corner of the ward, home to the famous Akihabara electronics district.

The list below consists of the many smaller neighborhoods of the Kanda area, for which a modernization of the addressing system has not been enforced yet except Kanda-Sarugakuch? and Kanda-Misakich?. All officially start with the prefix "Kanda-", but it is sometimes omitted in daily life. Note that Iwamotoch? and Kanda-Iwamotoch? are different districts (as is the case for Kajich? and Kanda-Kajich?)

Economy

Chiyoda office buildings street level
Chiyoda office buildings from the imperial palace grounds
Shueisha headquarters
Chiyoda office buildings

On October 1, 2001, Chiyoda had 36,233 business establishments with 888,149 employees.[1]

0verflow,[11]Asahi Glass,[12]Bungeishunj?,[13]Calbee,[14]Creatures Inc.,[15]Datam Polystar,[16]DIC Corporation,[17]Dowa Holdings,[18]Furukawa Electric,[19]HAL Laboratory,[20]Hakusensha,[21]Jaleco,[22]The Japan FM Network Company,[23]Japan Freight Railway Company,[24]Japan Post Holdings,[25]JFE Holdings,[26]Kadokawa Corporation,[27]KDDI,[28]Konica Minolta,[29]Kyowa Hakko Kirin,[30]Lixil Group Corporation,[31]Maeda Corporation,[32]Mitsubishi Estate,[33]MCDecaux,[34]Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group,[35]Mizuho Financial Group,[36]Nabtesco,[37]Nakano Corporation,[38]New Otani,[39]Nikken Sekkei,[40]Nippon Cable,[41]Nippon Flour Mills,[42]Nippon Paper Industries,[43]Nippon Soda,[44]Nippon Suisan Kaisha,[45]Nitto Boseki,[46]NTT docomo,[47]Orient Watch Company,[48]Seibu Kaihatsu,[49]Seven & i Holdings,[50]Shin-Etsu Chemical,[51]Shogakukan,[52]Shueisha,[53]SMC Corporation,[54]Sony Music Entertainment Japan,[55]Tanaka Kikinzoku Group,[56]Toho,[57]Toho Zinc,[58]Tokio Marine Nichido,[59]Tokuyama Corporation,[60]Tokyo FM,[23]Toppan Printing,[61]Ushio, Inc.,[62]Yamazaki Baking Company,[63]Vie de France,[64]YKK Group,[65] and Yomiuri Shimbun are headquartered in Chiyoda.[66]Mazda has an office in Chiyoda.[67]

Foreign operations

Foreign companies with Japanese divisions in Chiyoda include Aeroméxico,[68] AMI Japan (subsidiary of American Megatrends),[69]Chloé Japan,[70]Hewlett-Packard Japan,[71]LVMH,[72]Ropes & Gray,[73]Sidley Austin,[74]Sunoco,[75] and Swiss International Air Lines.[76]

Former operations

Japanese companies which formerly had their headquarters in Chiyoda include All Nippon Airways,[77]Bandai Visual,[78]Galaxy Airlines,[79]Japan Airlines,[80]Japan Asia Airways,[80]Mitsui Chemicals,[81]Nippon Cargo Airlines,[82]Taito Corporation,[83] and Yamato Life.[84] In 1998 Fujitsu operated a branch office in Chiyoda.[85] At one point, Cantor Fitzgerald had an office in Chiyoda.[86]

Attractions

Yasukuni Shrine in Chiyoda
Otemon, the Great Gate of Edo Castle
Pedestrian zone in Akihabara

Transportation

Home to the massive Tokyo station with a multitude of subways, railways and long-distance services.

Points of historical interest

Education

Primary and secondary schools

As of 1 May 2003, Chiyoda has eight elementary schools, with 2,647 students, and five junior high schools with 1,123 students.[1] Public elementary, junior high schools and Kudan middle school in Chiyoda are operated by the Chiyoda City (the Chiyoda Ward) Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

Public schools

Prefectural high schools
Municipal secondary (junior-senior high) schools
Municipal junior high schools
  • K?jimachi Junior High School ()
  • Kanda-Hitotsubashi Junior High School (?)
Municipal elementary schools
  • Banch? Elementary School ()
  • Chiyoda Elementary School ()
  • Fujimi Elementary School ()
  • Izumi Elementary School ()
  • Kudan Elementary School ()
  • K?jimachi Elementary School ()
  • Ochanomizu Elementary School (?)
  • Shohei Elementary School ()

Private schools

Primary and secondary schools
Secondary schools
Primary schools
  • Gyosei Primary School (), boys' school
  • Futaba Gakuen Elementary School (), girls' school
  • Shirayuri Joshi Gakuen Elementary School (), girls' school, affiliated with Shirayuri Women's University

Colleges and universities

Hitotsubashi University's Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy is located in the National Center of Sciences in Hitotsubashi. Both of the Sophia University Campuses are in western Chiyoda. The main Yotsuya campus lies adjacent to Yotsuya Station and the Ichigaya Campus just south of Ichigaya Station.

Globis University Graduate School of Management which is the largest business school in Japan is also located in Chiyoda. Hosei University, Meiji University, Senshu University, Nihon University and so on are located in the area.

Libraries

Chiyoda operates four public libraries; they are the Chiyoda Library, Yobancho Library, Shohei Library, and Kanda Library. Tokyo operates the Tokyo Metropolitan Library Hibiya Library. The Japanese government operates the National Diet Library and the National Archives. Ishikawa Enterprise Foundation Ochanomizu Library is a nearby private library.[91]

Parks and recreation

Chidorigafuchi in Chiyoda

East Imperial Garden, located on the eastern portion of the Tokyo Imperial Palace grounds and housing the castle tower and the outer defense positions of the former Edo Castle, opened to the public in 1968. Kitanomaru Park, located on Edo Castle's former northern section, has the Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art and the Nippon Budokan, a venue for performances. Chidorigafuchi Boat Arena and Chidorigafuchi Moat Path includes a waterway for boats. National Diet Building Park, located adjacent to the Diet Building and divided in two by a street, includes American dogwoods planted to symbolize the relations between the United States and Japan. Hibiya Park, Japan's first western-style park, includes restaurants, open-air concert halls, and tennis courts. Imperial Palace Outer Garden, in the front of Nijubashi Bridge, serves as a jogging trail and a tourist site.[92]

References

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External links


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Chiyoda,_Tokyo
 



 



 
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