Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
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Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

Chongqing Jiangbei
International Airport

Terminal 3 of Chongqing Jiangbei Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesChongqing
LocationYubei District, Chongqing
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL416 m / 1,365 ft
Coordinates29°43?09?N 106°38?30?E / 29.71917°N 106.64167°E / 29.71917; 106.64167Coordinates: 29°43?09?N 106°38?30?E / 29.71917°N 106.64167°E / 29.71917; 106.64167
Website http://www.cqa.cn/
Maps
CAAC airport chart(Accurate as of 2016)
CAAC airport chart(Accurate as of 2016)
CKG is located in Chongqing
CKG
CKG
Location of airport in Chongqing
CKG is located in China
CKG
CKG
CKG (China)
CKG is located in Asia
CKG
CKG
CKG (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
02R/20L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
03/21 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers41,595,887
Aircraft movements300,745
Cargo (in tonnes)382,160.8
Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
Simplified Chinese?
Traditional Chinese

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport (IATA: CKG, ICAO: ZUCK) is located in Yubei District, Chongqing, People's Republic of China. The airport's IATA Airport code, CKG, is derived from the city's former romanized name, Chungking. Jiangbei airport is also a 128-hour transit visa-free airport for foreigners from many countries. It was awarded first place in the "Best Airport in the 25-40 Million Passenger Size" category by Airports Council International in 2017 and again in 2018.[3]

Situated 19 kilometres (12 mi) north of the city centre of Chongqing, the airport is a major aviation hub for airlines in western China, including China Express Airlines, China Southern Airlines (Chongqing Airlines), Sichuan Airlines, Shandong Airlines, XiamenAir and China West Air. Chongqing is a focus city of Air China and Hainan Airlines.

The airport has three terminals: Terminal 2 serving domestic flights and Terminal 3A other domestic flights and all international flights while Terminal 1 is currently closed. The first, second, and third phases of the airport came into operation in January 1990, December 2004, and December 2010, respectively. Terminal 2 is capable of handling 15 million passengers and Terminal 3A 45 million passengers annually.[4]

In terms of passenger traffic, Jiangbei Airport was the ninth-busiest airport nationwide in 2018, handling 41,595,887 passengers with a year-on-year growth of 7.4 percent. The airport was the eighth-busiest airport by traffic movements and tenth-busiest airport by cargo traffic in China in 2016.

History

The civil aviation of Chongqing dates back to the 1920s. After the completion of Baishiyi Airport in 1938, Chongqing became one of the four cities in China that had an airport in operation. In 1950, four flight routes from Tianjin, Chengdu, Guangzhou and Kunming to Chongqing became the earliest to be opened after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. In 1965, the Civil Aviation Administration of China opened an office in Sichuan Province and Chongqing Airport became subject to it. The development of Chongqing's civil aviation then stopped until the 1990s.[5]

On 22 January 1990, the new airport, Chongqing Jiangbei Airport was opened to replace the old Baishiyi Airport's commercial flight functions and remained open as a military airport. The development of the civil aviation resumed. In 1997, when the Chongqing area became a 4th municipality of China, Civil Aviation Administration of China established a branch in Chongqing in the same year.

Development

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport is currently undergoing a major expansion, with a vision of obtaining a major international air hub and becoming the largest airport in western China by 2030.[6] Jiangbei Airport has been outlined ambitious growth plans, competing with Chengdu Airport, Kunming Airport, Wuhan Airport and Xi'an Airport to be recognized as the nation's fourth largest aviation hub (after those hubs in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou).

Jiangbei Airport was reported to have reached the fastest growth rates since 2011, according to CAPA's Airport Traffic Benchmark Tool. On 1 November 2015, the annual passengers at Jiangbei Airport exceeded 30 million for the first time.

Aircraft movement is increasing rapidly post-2011 at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport.

Airport expansion

The expansion project Phase III, which included a second runway and an additional Terminal, T2, started construction in 2007 and completed in 2010. Major elements of the construction were adding a second runway of 3,200 meters (which was later lengthened to 3,600 meters to satisfy the landings and takeoffs of Boeing 747 and the demands of Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.) to the east of the existing runway, building a parallel taxiway in between the two runways, and setting up a visual aid lighting support system. It also added a second terminal building (T2) with an area of 86,000 square meters, 41 apron aircraft parking stands, and a freight station and support facilities occupying an area of 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft). It cost CNY3.3 billion (USD538 million).[7] On 22 December 2010, the second runway was commissioned, which made Jiangbei Airport the fourth airport in mainland China to operate two runways, one exclusively for departures and the other exclusively for arrivals.[]

The current major expansion - Phase IV - of Jiangbei Airport contains the construction of a third runway and a new terminal, T3A, which is expected to be 530,000 square meters,[8] more than double the size of the existing terminals (T1 and T2A/T2B) combined, costing CNY26.0 billion (USD4.1 billion). T3A is expected to be completed by the end of 2016, after which the airport will have more than 725,000 square meters of terminal floor space, ranking Jiangbei Airport among China's 15 largest airports with an annual passenger capacity of 60 million and an annual cargo capacity of 2 million tons.[] Half of the new terminal is currently planned for international flights from major cities in South East Asia, East Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe, and North America. After the completion of expansion Phase IV, Jiangbei Airport will become the 4th airport in China (inc. Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan) that has three runways in operation, of which Runway #3 (03/21) will be operated independently on top of the pair #1 (02L/20R) and #2 (02R/20L).[]

Departure Level of Terminal 3, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

There is a fifth phase of expansion planned for Jiangbei Airport which is expected to include a new terminal, namely T3B, and a fourth runway. This phase will be finished in the mid-2020s.[]

Phases for the expansion of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
Phase Date of inauguration Terminals Runways (direction, ref. code) Number of bays Passenger capacity
Constituents Areas (sq m) Aerobridges Remote* Total Total International
I 22 January 1990 T1 16,000 #1 (02/20, 4E) 6 25 31 1,000,000 -
II 12 December 2004 T1, T2B 104,900 #1 (02/20, 4E) 24 26 50 7,000,000 -
III 21 December 2010 T1, T2A/T2B 181,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) 36 49 85 30,000,000 2,100,000
IV 29 August 2017 T1, T2A/T2B, T3A 718,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) #3 (03/21, 4F) 98 81 179 60,000,000 10,000,000
V Expected 2022 T1, T2A/T2B, T3A/T3B 1,068,900 #1 (02L/20R, 4E) #2 (02R/20L, 4E) #3 (03L/21R, 4F) #4 (03R/21L, 4F) 165 - - 70,000,000 14,000,000

Note: Remote bays include the ones that serve the air freighters.

Surge in cargo traffic

Cathay Pacific Cargo Boeing 747-400F aircraft at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

Cargo traffic increased at an average rate of 14% in the first six months of 2011, driven by exponential growth in international cargo. International cargo/mail volumes increased by 12 times from 2010 levels in the first half of 2011, to more than 9000 tonnes. In the second half of 2011, this growth rate is expected to be maintained, with Hewlett-Packard, Asus and other brands of large international IT production capacity supporting the increase, to an anticipated 60,000 to 80,000 tonnes of international cargo throughout the whole year.[9]

New international routes

Before 2010, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport's international destinations all terminated in East and Southeast Asia, including direct flights to Tokyo (has stop-over in Beijing or Shanghai), Seoul, Singapore, Bangkok, Phuket, Siem Reap, etc. However, this situation was changed in 2011 with Qatar Airways opening a new route to Doha.[10]

With the new T3A terminal in operation since August 2017,[11] the airport has had multiple new international routes with non-stop flights to London, Dubai, Los Angeles, New York, Sydney, Melbourne, Rome, Paris, Budapest, etc.[12] T3A Terminal and the third runway of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport started operation at 06:00 on 29 August 2017. In the meantime, T1 was temporarily closed, T2 serve only domestic flights operated by Sichuan Airlines, West Airlines, Huaxia Airlines and Spring Airlines, and the remaining flights were transferred to T3A. In addition, the airport operates a free trans-shipment shuttle between T2 and T3A in a 24-hour operation.[13]

Statistics

Year Passengers Ranking by PAX Cargo Aircraft operations
Number Increase Domestic Global Tons Increase Number Increase
2000 2,780,359 Increase 13.3% 11 - 62,214.5 Increase 2.2% 36,405 Increase 1.4%
2001 3,192,759 Increase 14.8% 11 - 64,597.1 Increase 3.8% 41,192 Increase 13.1%
2002 3,865,788 Increase 21.1% 12 - 71,464.9 Increase 10.6% 49,012 Increase 19.0%
2003 4,287,505 Increase 10.9% 12 - 76,921.5 Increase 7.6% 56,108 Increase 14.5%
2004 5,233,774 Increase 22.1% 12 - 87,568.0 Increase 13.8% 64,750 Increase 15.4%
2005 6,631,420 Increase 26.7% 11 - 100,909.9 Increase 15.2% 72,674 Increase 12.2%
2006 8,050,007 Increase 21.4% 10 - 120,178.3 Increase 19.1% 88,929 Increase 22.4%
2007 10,355,730 Increase 28.6% 10 - 143,472.4 Increase 19.4% 105,092 Increase 18.2%
2008 11,138,432 Increase 7.6% 10 - 160,256.4 Increase 11.7% 112,565 Increase 7.1%
2009 14,038,045 Increase 26.0% 10 91 186,005.9 Increase 16.1% 132,619 Increase 17.8%
2010 15,802,334 Increase 12.6% 10 90 195,686.6 Increase 5.2% 145,705 Increase 9.9%
2011 19,052,706 Increase 20.6% 9 76 237,572.5 Increase 21.4% 166,763 Increase 14.5%
2012 22,057,003 Increase 15.8% 9 70 268,642.4 Increase 13.1% 195,333 Increase 17.1%
2013 25,272,039 Increase 14.6% 9 62 280,149.8 Increase 4.3% 214,574 Increase 9.9%
2014 29,264,363 Increase 15.8% 8 57 302,335.8 Increase 7.9% 238,085 Increase 11.0%
2015 32,402,196 Increase 10.7% 9 - 318,781.5 Increase 5.4% 254,360 Increase 7.4%
2016 35,888,819 Increase 10.8% 9 54[14] 361,091.0 Increase 13.3% 276,807 Increase 8.4%
2017 38,715,210 Increase 7.9% 9 51[15] 366,278.3 Increase 1.4% 288,598 Increase 4.3%
2018 41,595,887 Increase 7.4% 9 - 382,160.8 Increase 4.3% 300,745 Increase 4.2%

Source: CAAC (Civil Aviation Administration of China)

Number of domestic and international/regional passengers (bar chart, 2009-2018)

10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
  •   International/Regional
  •   Domestic

Source : CQA (Chongqing Airport Group Co., Ltd.)

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Chongqing

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia XKuala Lumpur-International
Air ChinaAksu, Beijing-Capital, Beijing-Daxing,[16]Changchun, Changsha, Dali, Dubai-International, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hailar,[17]Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot,[17]Hong Kong, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Liupanshui, Luoyang, Naha,[18]Nanchang, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Taipei-Songshan,[19]Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita,[20]Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Air GuilinXuzhou
Air MacauMacau
Asiana AirlinesSeoul-Incheon
Bangkok AirwaysCharter: Koh Samui
Beijing Capital AirlinesGuangzhou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Nanjing, Nanning,[21]Shenyang[21]
Cathay DragonHong Kong
Chengdu AirlinesBeihai
China AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern AirlinesBaise,[22]Beijing-Capital, Changzhou, Dalian, Hefei, Jinan, Kunming, Lijiang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xinyang, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong
China Express AirlinesAlxa Left Banner, Bayannur,[23]Beihai, Bijie, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Chizhou,[24]Dalian, Datong, Fuyang, Guilin, Guyuan, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Hechi, Hohhot, Huai'an, Jining, Karamay, Korla, Libo,[25]Liuzhou, Longnan, Luang Prabang,[26]Luliang, Meixian, Nanyang, Ordos, Qianjiang, Quzhou, Rizhao, Sanming,[27]Shaoyang, Shenyang, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tianshui, Vientiane,[26]Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Yangzhou, Yinchuan, Yongzhou, Yulin, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan
China Southern Airlines Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang, Kunming, Lhasa, Lijiang, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Chongqing Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Colombo-Bandaranaike,[28]Dali, Diqing, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hengyang, Ho Chi Minh City, Huizhou, Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ninglang, Phuket, Sanya, Shanghai-Pudong, Shennongjia, Shenzhen, Singapore,[29]Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xishuangbanna, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Guiyang, Wuzhou[30]
Donghai AirlinesLanzhou, Nanning, Shenzhen, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Hefei[31]
EVA AirTaipei-Songshan
Fuzhou AirlinesFuzhou
GX AirlinesJining, Luoyang, Nanning
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Budapest,[32]Changsha, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Ningbo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[33]Rome-Fiumicino, Sanya,[34]Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yangon[35]
Hebei AirlinesLanzhou, Shijiazhuang
Himalaya AirlinesKathmandu[36] (suspended)
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong
JC International AirlinesSiem Reap, Sihanoukville[37]
Juneyao AirlinesNanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Zhangjiajie
Kunming AirlinesBaoshan, Kunming, Nantong, Taizhou
Lion AirCharter: Denpasar
LJ AirHarbin, Yinchuan[38][39]
Loong AirHangzhou, Qianjiang, Wenzhou[40]
Lucky AirLijiang, Pu'er, Xuzhou
MaldivianCharter: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Malé
Malindo AirKota Kinabalu[41]
Okay AirwaysChangsha, Xining
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Qingdao AirlinesGanzhou, Qingdao
Ruili AirlinesLancang, Mangshi
Shandong AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Changchun, Chiang Mai, Dalian, Harbin, Hefei, Jinan, Phnom Penh, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Siem Reap, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Yantai, Zhuhai
Shanghai AirlinesHuangshan, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Wenzhou
Shenzhen AirlinesGuangzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shenzhen
Sichuan AirlinesAltay, Baise,[42]Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Cebu, Changsha, Changzhou, Dalian, Daocheng,[43]Fuzhou,[44]Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jieyang, Jinan, Kangding,[43]Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Mandalay, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Panzhihua, Phuket, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Pudong, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Sihanoukville,[45]Sydney, Taipei-Songshan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yanji, Yantai,[46]Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhoushan
SilkAirSingapore
Spring AirlinesJinggangshan, Luoyang, Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang
Spring Airlines JapanTokyo-Narita
Thai AirAsiaBangkok-Don Mueang
Thai Lion AirBangkok-Don Mueang, Phuket[47]
Thai SmileBangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin AirlinesDalian, Dongying, Hangzhou, Hohhot, London-Heathrow,[48]Melbourne,[49]Moscow-Sheremetyevo,[50]Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Zhengzhou
Tibet AirlinesLhasa, Nyingchi, Qamdo, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xiamen
Uni AirTaipei-Taoyuan
West AirChangsha, Dalian,[51]Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou,[52]Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jeju,[53]Jieyang, Jinan, Korla, Lhasa, Lijiang, Mandalay,[54]Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning,[51]Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai,[55]Phuket,[56]Qamdo,[57]Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse,[58]Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
XiamenAirBeijing-Capital,[59]Changsha, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Quanzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xichang

Cargo

Ground transportation

The airport's ground transportation is developing very fast. Four highways around the airport are under construction, as part of plans to turn Chongqing into an integrated regional transport hub in western China.[72] There will be a 300,000-square-meter (3,200,000 sq ft) transportation transfer centre in T3A, which will include inter-city rail, light rail and subway.

General plan of integrated transportation Hub at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport:

  • One inter-city rail: Branch of Chongqing-Wanzhou Inter-City Rail
  • Two lines of Chongqing Rail Transit: CRT Line 3 and Line 10
  • Three latitudinal roadways: (1) outer ring expressway, (2) relocated National Highway G319, and (3) southern connecting freeway
  • Four longitudinal roadways: (1) first freeway of CKG Airport (National Highway G210), (2) second freeway of CKG Airport (under construction), (3) Chongqing-Linshui expressway, and (4) northern connecting roadway

Bus

Airport bus

Airport Express lines are easily accessible at Terminal 2 and 3.

  • Route K01: Jiangbei Airport -> Jiazhou () -> Damiao () -> Shangqingsi () -> Chongqing Great Hall -> Jiefangbei. It takes about 50 minutes from the airport to the city centre (Jiefangbei).
  • Route K02: Jiangbei Airport -> Qixia Road () -> North Square of Chongqingbei Railway Station. 40 minutes may be taken from the airport to the High-Speed railway station.
  • Route K03: Jiangbei Airport -> Yanggongqiao (Shapingba)
  • Route K05: Jiangbei Airport -> Sigongli Bus Terminal
  • Route K06: Jiangbei Airport -> Chongqing West Railway Station
  • Route K07: Jiangbei Airport -> Shapingba Railway Station[73][74]

Long-distance coaches

There is a transfer center for long-distance coaches between Terminal 2A and Terminal 2B, and it offers bus services to nearby cities in Sichuan and Guizhou Province, as well as suburban areas of Chongqing Municipality.

Car

There is currently one airport freeway connecting the city center with the airport, and the second one is under construction and will be put into operation in the late 2016.[] The airport freeway is 23 kilometers long, but it usually takes as many as 30 minutes to get from the city center to the airport because of the heavy traffic.

Parking

The airport has four parking lots:

  • International (Outdoor) Parking Lot, located in front of Terminal 1
  • Domestic (Outdoor) Parking Lot, located in front of Terminal 2
  • Underground (Indoor) Parking Lot, located under Terminal 2
  • Central Parking Garage, located in the transportation hub in front of Terminal 3

All together, the airport can accommodate about 7,300 cars at one time.[75][76]

Rail

Chongqing Rail Transit

CRT Metro Line 3 seen here, departing Chongqing Jiangbei International airport

Chongqing Rail Transit Line 3 runs from Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport's Terminal 2 station, going through the city center via Lianglukou station and onto its final stop, Yudong, covering a distance of 60 kilometres (37 mi). It takes around 50 minutes to get to the city center (Lianglukou).[77]

Line 10, serves as the second metro line connecting the urban areas of Chongqing and the airport.[78] One station of Line 10 is at Terminal 3 and the other is at Terminal 2. This line runs under Runways #1 (02L/20R) and #2 (02R/20L), connecting Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 in landside. Line 10 is the only metro line access to the new Terminal 3, while Line 3 will not be elongated to Terminal 3. Line 10 also reduces the travel distance between Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport and Chongqingbei Railway Station, which can facilitate the transfers of passengers between air and rail.

InterCity

Terminal 3A has a huge underground railway station that will open in 2019 that will connect cities as far as 300 kilometers away, thus allowing Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport to serve a significantly larger population. The speed of the trains is designed to be 250 to 300 kilometers per hour, allowing journeys to take less than one hour from a relatively faraway locations within the Greater Chongqing Municipality.[79]

Other facilities

The headquarters of China Express Airlines are on the airport property.[80]

See also

References

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Chongqing_Jiangbei_International_Airport
 



 



 
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