Chris Van Hollen
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Chris Van Hollen

Chris Van Hollen
Chris Van Hollen official portrait 115th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Maryland

January 3, 2017
Serving with Ben Cardin
Barbara Mikulski
Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee

January 3, 2017 - January 3, 2019
LeaderChuck Schumer
Jon Tester
Catherine Cortez Masto
House Democratic Assistant to the Leader

January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Xavier Becerra
Jim Clyburn (Assistant Democratic Leader)
Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee

January 3, 2007 - January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Rahm Emanuel
Steve Israel
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th district

January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2017
Connie Morella
Jamie Raskin
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 18th district

January 11, 1995 - January 8, 2003
Patricia Sher
Sharon M. Grosfeld
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 18th district

January 1991 - January 1995
Patricia Sher
Lawrence Wiser
Sharon Grosfeld
Personal details
Born (1959-01-10) January 10, 1959 (age 61)
Karachi, Pakistan
Political partyDemocratic
Katherine Wilkens
(m. 1987)
RelativesChristopher Van Hollen (Father)
EducationSwarthmore College (BA)
Harvard University (MPP)
Georgetown University (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Christopher J. Van Hollen Jr.[1][2] (born January 10, 1959) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Maryland since January 3, 2017. From 2003 to 2017 he served as the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 8th congressional district. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

In 2007, Van Hollen became the chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC). In this post, he was responsible for leading efforts to defend vulnerable Democrats and get more Democrats elected to Congress in 2008, which he did. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi created a new leadership post, Assistant to the Speaker, in 2006 so that Van Hollen could be present at all leadership meetings. He was elected Ranking Member on the Budget Committee on November 17, 2010. Pelosi appointed Van Hollen to the 12-member bipartisan Committee on Deficit Reduction with a mandate for finding major budget reductions by late 2011. On October 17, 2013, Pelosi appointed Van Hollen to serve on the bicameral conference committee.[3]

Van Hollen ran for the United States Senate in 2016 to replace retiring Senator Barbara Mikulski. He defeated Congresswoman Donna Edwards in the Democratic primary and won the general election 60 to 36 percent. Van Hollen served as Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) from 2017 to 2019.[4]

Early life, education, and career

Van Hollen was born in Karachi, Pakistan, the eldest of three children of American parents, Edith Eliza (née Farnsworth) and Christopher Van Hollen.[5][6] His father was a Foreign Service officer who served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs (1969-1972) and U.S. Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives (1972-1976);[7] his mother worked in the Central Intelligence Agency and the State Department, where she served as chief of the intelligence bureau for South Asia.[6][8][6] He spent parts of his early life in Pakistan, Turkey, India, and Sri Lanka.[8][9] He returned to the United States for his junior year of high school, and attended Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts, where his grandfather once taught.[8]

He is an alumnus of the Kodaikanal International School in southern India. In 1982, Van Hollen graduated from Swarthmore College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in philosophy.[10] He continued his studies at Harvard University, where he earned a Master of Public Policy degree, concentrating in national security studies, from the John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1985.[10] He earned a Juris Doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center in 1990.[10]

Early political career

Van Hollen worked as a legislative assistant for defense and foreign policy to U.S. Senator Charles Mathias, a Republican from Maryland, from 1985 to 1987.[11] He was also a staff member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1987-1989), and a legislative advisor for federal affairs to Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer (1989-1991).[11] He was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1990, and joined the law firm of Arent Fox.[12]

Maryland State Legislature

Van Hollen served in the Maryland General Assembly from 1991 to 2003, first in the House of Delegates (1991-95) and then in the State Senate (1995-2003).[10] In the Senate, he served on the Budget and Taxation Committee and the Health and Human Services Subcommittee. He led successful efforts to raise the tobacco tax, prohibit oil drilling in the Chesapeake Bay, mandate trigger locks for guns, and increase funding for education and healthcare.[8] In 2002, The Washington Post called Van Hollen "one of the most accomplished members of the General Assembly."[13]

U.S. House of Representatives

Chris Van Hollen joining Prince George's County Executive Jack B. Johnson (at the podium and to the left of Van Hollen) for the announcement of the county's legislative agenda for 2005

Maryland Democrats redrew the boundaries of the 8th congressional district, then represented by long-serving Republican incumbent Connie Morella, in 2002.[14] Van Hollen defeated Morella in the 2002 general election in part, according to some analysts, because of this redistricting.[15]

Maryland's 8th district hugs the northern border of Washington, D.C., and is one of the wealthiest and most educated congressional districts in the nation. The federal government is the single largest employer in the district, and many private companies are funded by the government.[16]

In 2003, the Committee for Education Funding, the nation's largest and oldest non-partisan education coalition, named Van Hollen the Outstanding New Member of the Year.[17] The first bill Van Hollen introduces every session is the Keep Our Promise to America's Children and Teachers (Keep Our PACT) Act, which would fully fund No Child Left Behind and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. He introduced an amendment, which passed, that repealed a 9.5 percent loophole in student loans that had allowed lenders to pocket billions of taxpayer dollars. Now, that money is available for additional student loans.[18]

Because many federal employees live in his district, Van Hollen has worked on a number of issues relating to them. He supported pay parity in pay raises for civilian employees and introduced an amendment, which passed, to block attempts to outsource federal jobs.[19]

Official portrait as a U.S. Representative, 2010

Van Hollen has secured federal funding for a number of local-interest projects, including transportation initiatives, local homeland security efforts, education programs and community development projects. He and Adam Schiff (D-CA) often discuss issues of National Security on the floor of the House in tandem, with particular commentary on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.[20]

In May 2006, Van Hollen formed a congressional caucus on the Netherlands with Dutch-born Republican U.S. Representative Pete Hoekstra from Michigan. The goal of the caucus is to promote the U.S. relationship with the Netherlands and remember the Dutch role in establishing the State of New York and the United States.[]

Van Hollen speaking during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado, in his capacity as chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. He is flanked by Democratic House challengers.

In July 2006, Van Hollen urged the Bush administration to support a ceasefire supported by a peacekeeping force that would end the 2006 Lebanon War. He was criticized by elements of the Jewish and pro-Israel community, a large part of his constituency, for criticizing U.S. and Israeli policy in the Lebanon conflict.[21] In follow-up comments, Van Hollen indicated that his original comments were meant as a critique of Bush administration policy but did not retract his position, and other members of the local Jewish and pro-Israel community defended him.[21][22][23]

In 2006, Van Hollen opted out of the race to succeed the retiring Senator Paul Sarbanes, saying he would rather spend time with his family and help elect more Democrats to Congress.[24] In keeping with that, Van Hollen was appointed to Chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

In 2009, Van Hollen introduced a bill which establishes a green bank to catalyze the financing of clean energy and energy efficiency projects.[25] He reintroduced the same bill again in 2014.[26]

In March 2010, when Charles Rangel was forced to resign as Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means over ethics charges, Van Hollen played a key role in having Sander Levin succeed to the Chairmanship over Pete Stark. Stark was the second-most experienced member of the committee while Levin was third, and party tradition would have made Stark chairman due to seniority. However, Van Hollen and other younger members saw Stark's past intemperate comments as a liability to the Democrats in an election year.[27]

On April 29, 2010, Van Hollen introduced the campaign finance DISCLOSE Act.[28] He reintroduced the bill for the 113th Congress on February 9, 2012.[29]

In April 2011, Van Hollen sued the Federal Election Commission, charging it with regulatory capture and the creation of a loophole that allowed unlimited and undisclosed financing in the 2010 election season. According to Van Hollen, had it not been for the loophole, "much of the more than $135 million in secret contributions that funded expenditures would have been disclosed."[30][needs update]

Committee assignments

Party leadership and caucus memberships

U.S. Senate

Shortly after the 2016 elections, Van Hollen was selected as the Chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) for the 2018 cycle.[4]

Committee assignments

Caucus membership

Political campaigns

Prior to Van Hollen's election, incumbent Connie Morella had won eight elections in the district, despite the fact that she was a Republican in a district that had swung heavily Democratic. Morella's success was largely attributed to her political independence and relatively liberal voting record, including support for abortion rights, gay rights, gun control and increased environmental protections.

After Morella's reelection in 2000, Democratic Maryland Senate President Thomas V. Miller, Jr. made no secret that he wanted to draw the 8th out from under Morella. Indeed, one redistricting plan after the 2000 U.S. Census went so far as to divide the 8th in two, giving one district to Van Hollen and forcing Morella to run against popular State Delegate Mark Kennedy Shriver in November. The final plan was far less ambitious, but made the district even more Democratic than its predecessor. It absorbed nine heavily Democratic precincts from neighboring Prince George's County, an area that Morella had never represented. It also restored a heavily Democratic spur in eastern Montgomery County that had been cut out in the last round of redistricting.

In 2002, Van Hollen entered a competitive Democratic primary against Shriver and former Clinton Administration aide Ira Shapiro. Though Shriver had the most money, Van Hollen launched a very successful grassroots effort that mobilized Democratic voters. After receiving the endorsement of The Washington Post, The Baltimore Sun, and other local papers, Van Hollen defeated Shriver 43.5 percent to 40.6 percent.

During the campaign, Van Hollen emphasized that even when Morella voted with the district, her partisan affiliation kept Tom DeLay and the rest of her party's more conservative leadership in power. Van Hollen also touted his leadership in the State Senate on issues such as education funding, HMO reform, trigger locks for handguns, and protecting the Chesapeake Bay from oil drilling. Ultimately, after a tight race, Van Hollen defeated Morella 51.7 percent to 48.2 percent.[16] Van Hollen crushed Morella in the Prince George's County portion of the district, while narrowly winning Montgomery County. However, Morella won most of the precincts she'd previously represented.

Proving just how Democratic this district was, Van Hollen was reelected four times from this district by over 70 percent of the vote. However, it had long been taken for granted that the Republicans would face extremely long odds of retaking the seat if Morella retired or was defeated in an election.

After the 2010 census, Van Hollen's district was made slightly less Democratic. He lost a heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County to the neighboring 6th district, and lost his share of Prince George's County to the 4th district. In their place, the 8th absorbed heavily Republican Carroll County and a strongly Republican spur of Frederick County. Nonetheless, since his share of Montgomery County has more than double the population of his shares of Carroll and Frederick counties combined, Van Hollen easily won a sixth term over Republican Ken Timmerman with 63 percent of the vote. While Van Hollen lost in Carroll and Frederick, he swamped Timmerman in Montgomery by 113,500 votes.

Political positions

Animal rights

Van Hollen also supports animal rights groups such as The Humane Society, the Society for Animal Protective Legislation (SAPL), Big Cat Rescue (BCR), and Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund, all of whom gave him a 100% approval rating.[34] Van Hollen also received endorsement from the Humane Society Legislative Fund (HSLF) in 2010.[35] Although he supports animal rights groups, Van Hollen received an approval rating of 0% from the Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance (SAOVA).[34]


In his 2016 Senate platform, Van Hollen supported an increase in the minimum wage, paid sick leave, an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit, equal pay for women, an increase in the child care tax credit, and a financial transactions tax.[36]

Gun law

Van Hollen has been endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,[37] a group which campaigns for more government regulation of guns.[38] Van Hollen received a 0% from the Gun Owners of America (GOA) in 2006.[34] In September 2008, Van Hollen voted against repealing portions of the Washington, D.C. Firearm Ban.[39]

In 2015, Van Hollen introduced legislation for increased handgun licensing, specifically the requirement for permit-to-purchase licenses. This proposal was based on a similar law that exists in Maryland. On proposing the law, Van Hollen stated that "States require licenses to drive a car or even to fish in local rivers, so requiring a license to buy a deadly handgun is a common-sense step that could save countless lives."[40]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Van Hollen co-sponsored a bill to ban bump stocks.[41]


Van Hollen supports Obamacare and has defended it many times.[42][43][44][45][46] He is also pro-choice.[47]


In October 2018, Van Hollen and Susan Collins cosponsored a bipartisan bill that if passed would block "any persons from foreign adversaries from owning or having control over vendors administering U.S. elections." Protect Our Elections Act would make companies involved in administering elections reveal foreign owners, and inform local, state and federal authorities if said ownership changes. Companies failing to comply would face fines of $100,000.[48][49]


In July 2019 Van Hollen cosponsored the Fallen Journalists Memorial Act, a bill introduced by Ben Cardin and Rob Portman that would create a privately funded memorial to be constructed on federal lands in Washington, D.C. to honor journalists, photographers, and broadcasters who died in the line of duty.[50]


Van Hollen received a 0% rating for the Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW), and the National Taxpayers Union (NTU), in 2010.[34] Both these organizations advocate for lower taxes for everyone including the wealthy.[51][52] In 2006, Van Hollen received a 100% rating from Citizens for Tax Justice (CTJ), a group that calls for higher taxes on the wealthy.[53] Van Hollen opposes eliminating the federal estate tax.[34][54]

Electoral history

Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2002[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 112,788 51.74
Republican Connie Morella (Incumbent) 103,587 47.52
Write-ins 1,599 0.73
Total votes 217,974 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2004[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 215,129 74.91
Republican Chuck Floyd 71,989 25.07
Write-ins 79 0.03
Total votes 287,197 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2006[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 168,872 76.52
Republican Jeffrey M. Stein 48,324 21.90
Green Gerard P. Giblin 3,298 1.49
Write-ins 191 0.09
Total votes 220,685 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2008[58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 229,740 75.08
Republican Steve Hudson 66,351 21.68
Green Gordon Clark 6,828 2.23
Libertarian Ian Thomas 2,562 0.84
Write-in All write-ins 533 0.17
Total votes 306,014 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2010[59]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 153,613 73.27
Republican Michael Lee Philips 52,421 25.00
Libertarian Mark Grannis 2,713 1.29
Constitution Fred Nordhorn 696 0.33
No party Write-ins 224 0.11
Total votes 209,667 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2012[60]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 217,531 63.37
Republican Kenneth R. Timmerman 113,033 32.93
Libertarian Mark Grannis 7,235 2.11
Green George Gluck 5,064 1.48
N/A Others (write-in) 393 0.11
Total votes 343,256 100
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2014[61]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (Incumbent) 136,722 60.74
Republican Dave Wallace 87,859 39.03
N/A Others (write-in) 516 0.23
Total votes 225,097 100.00
Democratic hold
United States Senate Democratic primary results in Maryland, 2016[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 470,320 53.2%
Democratic Donna Edwards 343,620 38.9%
Democratic Freddie Dickson 14,856 1.7%
Democratic Theresa Scaldaferri 13,178 1.5%
Democratic Violet Staley 10,244 1.2%
Democratic Lih Young 8,561 1.0%
Democratic Charles Smith 7,912 0.9%
Democratic Ralph Jaffe 7,161 0.8%
Democratic Blaine Taylor 5,932 0.7%
Democratic Ed Tinus 2,560 0.3%
Total votes 884,344 100.00%
United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016 [63]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 1,659,907 60.89% -1.30%
Republican Kathy Szeliga 972,557 35.67% -0.08%
Green Margaret Flowers 89,970 3.30% +2.17%
n/a Write-ins 3,736 0.14% +0.03%
Total votes 2,726,170 100.0% N/A
Democratic hold

Personal life

Van Hollen and his wife Katherine have three children: Anna, Nicholas, and Alexander.[64] Van Hollen is of Dutch descent.[65]

See also


  1. ^ Hancock, Jay (December 24, 1995). "Eat a chip, or have a pretzel, the tax is hardest to swallow". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 24, 2018.
  2. ^ "2011 COG Annual Report and 2012 Regional Directory" (PDF). Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments. 2012. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Pelosi Names Conferees to FY 2014 Budget Conference". (Press release). Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ a b Robillard, Kevin; Schor, Elena. "Van Hollen to serve as DSCC chair". Politico. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "Christopher Van Hollen, Jr". Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ a b c "State Department Policy Analyst Eliza Van Hollen". The Washington Post. February 26, 2007. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ Kelly, Jacques (February 3, 2013). "Christopher Van Hollen Sr., ambassador, Former Baltimorean and father of Md. congressman was ambassador to Sri Lanka and career Foreign Service officer". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Matusow, Barbara (June 1, 2008). "Can Nice Guy Chris Van Hollen Finish First?". Washingtonian.
  9. ^ "Chris Van Hollen (D)". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d "VAN HOLLEN profile". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  11. ^ a b "Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Biography". Maryland State Archives.
  12. ^ "Christopher Van Hollen, Jr". Maryland Manual Online.
  13. ^ "Commencement Speaker". University Communications Newsdesk, University of Maryland. December 2, 2004. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ LeDuc, Daniel (January 25, 2002). "Md. Democrats Redraw Morella's District". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ Becker, Jo (November 6, 2002). "Van Hollen Ousts Morella". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ a b "American Political Science Association election review" (PDF). Retrieved 2012.
  17. ^ Bosland, Julie. "CEF Honors members of Congress for education funding". Questia Online Library. Retrieved 2012.
  18. ^ Savodnik, Peter (July 12, 2005). "House races loom large in student-loan debate". The Hill.Archived September 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Mosquera, Mary (September 10, 2003). "House votes against revised A-76 rules". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2012.
  20. ^ "Transcript of Congress speech on national security". September 19, 2006. Retrieved 2012.
  21. ^ a b Fingerhut, Eric (December 31, 2008). "Van Hollen strongly backs Israel". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ Rosner, Shmuel (August 31, 2006). "Get ready for the Democrats". Haaretz. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved 2017. he did not apologize, just clarified his statements
  23. ^ Baker, Jesse; Rabinovits, Jeremy (August 15, 2006). "Hard Choices and Right Choices in the Mideast". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ Craig, Tim; Wagner, John (July 12, 2005). "Van Hollen says he won't run for Senate". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012.
  25. ^ "Coalition for Green Bank applauds US Congressman Chris Van Hollen's Green Bank Act". March 25, 2009.Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "House Democrats Introduce the Green Bank Act of 2014". Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  27. ^ Kane, Paul (March 5, 2010). "Michigan's Sander Levin replaces Rangel as House Ways and Means chairman". The Washington Post.
  28. ^ H.R. 5175 THOMAS
  29. ^ "Van Hollen, House Democrats Introduce DISCLOSE 2012 Act". Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  30. ^ "Top Democrat sues Federal Election Commission over anonymous donors". The Hill. April 21, 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  31. ^ "U.S. Congressional International Conservation Caucus Members". International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  32. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Christopher Van Hollen, Jr. Summary - Project Vote Smart". Chris Van Hollen. Retrieved 2012.[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "The Humane Society Legislative Fund". Vote Smart. Archived from the original on December 4, 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  36. ^ "An Economy that Works for Everyone". Retrieved 2016.
  37. ^ "Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2012.
  38. ^ "Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence". Retrieved 2012.
  39. ^ "Chris Van Hollen, Jr.'s Voting Records". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2020.
  40. ^ Fritze, John. "Van Hollen crafts gun licensing bill". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ Siegel, Robert (October 4, 2017). "Democrat Senators Introduce Bill To Ban Bump Stocks After Las Vegas Massacre". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ "Van Hollen: 63rd Attempt to Dismantle Obamacare a 'Historically Callous Action'". February 2, 2016. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  43. ^ "Rep. Chris Van Hollen: key health care votes". Retrieved 2016.
  44. ^ Howell, Tom Jr (February 2, 2016). "Democrats foil GOP repeal of Obamacare". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2016.
  45. ^ "Chris Van Hollen on Health Care". On The Issues. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ "Van Hollen Exposes the GOP's Hypocrisy on Obamacare". YouTube (ABC News: This Week). September 23, 2013. Retrieved 2016. (at approx. 2:36)
  47. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2019.
  48. ^ Thomsen, Jacqueline (October 11, 2018). "Bipartisan bill would block foreign adversaries from owning US election vendors". The Hill. Retrieved 2018.
  49. ^ Fleischer, Jodie; Leslie, Katie; Piper, Jeff. "Measure Seeks to Prevent Foreign Ownership of US Elections Firms After Russian Invests in Maryland Elections Vendor". NBC Washington. Retrieved 2018.
  50. ^ "Sen. Susan Collins joins effort to honor fallen journalists". Penobscot Bay Pilot. July 9, 2019.
  51. ^ "Citizens Against Government Waste Homepage". Retrieved 2012.
  52. ^ "National Taxpayers Union". Retrieved 2012.
  53. ^ "CTJ - Citizens For Tax Justice". Retrieved 2011.
  54. ^ "Chris Van Hollen, Jr.'s Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2020.
  55. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (May 1, 2003). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  56. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (June 7, 2005). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  57. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (September 21, 2007). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  58. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (July 10, 2009). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 4, 2008" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  59. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (June 3, 2011). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  60. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (February 28, 2013). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 6, 2012" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2017.
  61. ^ "Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  62. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential Primary Election results for U.S. Senator". State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2016.
  63. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for U.S. Senator". Maryland Secretary of State. Retrieved 2016.
  64. ^ "About Chris". Archived from the original on August 20, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  65. ^ "Van Hollen, Hoekstra to Announce Founding of Congressional Caucus on the Netherlands". Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved 2013. Van Hollen, who is of Dutch descent

Further reading

  • Barone, Michael, and Chuck McCutcheon. The Almanac of American Politics 2012 (2011) pp 762-5

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Connie Morella
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
Jamie Raskin
Party political offices
Preceded by
Rahm Emanuel
Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
Succeeded by
Steve Israel
Preceded by
Xavier Becerra
House Democratic Assistant to the Leader
Succeeded by
Jim Clyburn
as House Assistant Democratic Leader
Preceded by
Barbara Mikulski
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Maryland
(Class 3)

Most recent
Preceded by
Jon Tester
Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
Succeeded by
Catherine Cortez Masto
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Barbara Mikulski
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Maryland
Served alongside: Ben Cardin
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Dan Sullivan
United States Senators by seniority
Succeeded by
Todd Young

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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