Cirrus SR20
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Cirrus SR20
SR20
CIRRUS DESIGN CORP SR20 N345BS (2059) (5056614400).jpg
Role Light aircraft
Manufacturer Cirrus Aircraft
First flight 21 March 1995
Produced 1999-Present
1,332 (through 2016)[1]
US$454,900 (2019)[2]
Cirrus SR22

The Cirrus SR20 is an American piston-engine, four-or-five-seat, composite monoplane built by Cirrus Aircraft of Duluth, Minnesota since 1999.

The SR20 was the first production general aviation aircraft equipped with a parachute to lower the airplane safely to the ground after a loss of control, structural failure or mid-air collision. It was also the first manufactured light aircraft with all-composite construction and flat-panel avionics.[3][4]

The SR20 led to the Cirrus SR22 in 2001, which is one of the most produced aircraft of the 21st century.

Design and development

Early production model Cirrus SR20
SR20 landing
SR20 GTS

The SR20 mock-up was unveiled in 1994.[5] The aircraft first flew on 21 March 1995 and FAA certification was achieved on 23 October 1998.[6][7] At the time of the airplane's release, the general aviation industry was struggling; the SR20 was one of the first of its kind to earn FAA Part 23 certification in several years.[8] Over a thousand SR20s have been sold since deliveries began in 1999. As of June 2015, more than 6,000 Cirrus aircraft had been delivered,[9] something that no other aviation company has done for decades.[10]

One of the major selling points for the SR20 is its Garmin Cirrus Perspective avionics suite with dual 10-inch (250 mm) or 12-inch (300 mm) screens: one primary flight display (PFD) and one multi-function display (MFD). This provides all standard communication, navigation (GPS and conventional VHF), and surveillance (Mode S transponder) functions. Other avionics features include in-flight weather information and TCAS-like traffic information.

SR20s made from 1999 to 2003 were equipped with traditional analog instruments and a 10" MFD. In July 2003, Cirrus made PFDs standard on the SR20 and faster SR22, pioneering the use of glass cockpits in the light aircraft general aviation industry.[11]

The SR-series remains the only airplane in its class to include side stick flight controls that combine aspects of a traditional yoke handle (this has been referred to in the industry as a "side yoke").[4]

The SR20 and SR22 are equipped with the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS), a large parachute that can be deployed in an emergency to lower the entire aircraft to the ground safely.[7] As of September 2018, the SR-series has deployed the system 79 times carrying 163 survivors.[12]

On 1 June 2004, the SR20 became the first aircraft to achieve the new European Aviation Safety Agency certificate for aircraft imported into the European Union.

In 2004, Cirrus introduced the SR20 G2 (Generation 2) and in 2008 the SR20 G3 (Generation 3). Both were defined by airframe modifications, G2 by fuselage and G3 by wing/landing gear changes.

In 2012, "60/40 flex seating" was introduced, allowing up to three passengers in the rear with a split fold-down seat arrangement. This five-seat configuration was optional in 2012 but became standard equipment for 2013 SR20 models.[13]

In 2016, Cirrus introduced enhancements to the SR Series, including Bluetooth wireless connectivity, a remote keyless entry, convenience lighting system, and a new easy access door latch, among other interior and exterior improvements.[14][15]

In 2017, the company introduced the SR20 G6 (Generation 6), with several upgrades to the avionics, new navigation lights and an increased useful load.[16]

In September 2019, Cirrus unveiled the TRAC, a training-oriented version of the SR20 with a simplified interior, more durable seat material, backseat radio transmit switch to allow an observer to communicate with air traffic control, electronic stability and protection system, integrated engine indication and crew alerting/warning systems, and simulated retractable landing gear controls and position lights to allow cadets and instructors to feign landing gear operation and failures during instructional flights (the actual landing gear remains permanently fixed).[17][18]

Operational history

In 2011, the accident record of the SR20 and -22 was the subject of a detailed examination by Aviation Consumer magazine. The review concluded that the series has an overall accident record that is better than average for light aircraft, exceeded only by the Diamond DA40 and DA42. However, its fatal accident rate is much worse at 1.6/100,000 hours, placing it higher than the U.S. general aviation rate of 1.2 and higher than the Diamond DA40 (.35), Cessna 172 (.45), Diamond DA42 (.54), Cessna 182 (.69) and the Cessna 400 (1.0), despite the Cirrus's full aircraft parachute system.[19]

By 2014, the accident rate had been dramatically reduced, with a 2013 fatal rate of 1.01 per 100,000 flight hours. This was attributed to better training, particularly in when to deploy the ballistic parachute system.[20]

By 2015, the accident rate had continued to decrease, with a 2014 fatal rate of .42 per 100,000 flight hours, making it one of the best safety records in the industry. This marked the fewest fatalities in a single year for Cirrus since 2001, and the first year where the number of CAPS deployments (12) exceeded the number of fatal accidents (3).[21][22][23]

Variants

SR20
Original version produced from 1999.
Cirrus SR20 G2
SR20 G2
Improved variant introduced in 2004, including Avidyne Entegra avionics.
SRV
Introduced at the 2003 EAA AirVenture Convention and brought to market in 2004, the Cirrus SRV was a VFR-only version of the SR20 for the low-end private ownership and flight training market.[24] As such it omitted some standard equipment available on the SR20 such as wheel fairings.[25] For 2008 the SRV model was updated to G3 configuration, with the SR22 wing.[26] Cirrus discontinued the SRV for the 2010 model year.
SR20 G3
Introduced in 2007, the "Generation 3" G3 has a lighter wing of greater area, incorporating a carbon-fiber spar. The new wing increased the SR20's cruise speed by 6-7 knots (11-13 km/h). The G3 also added a 50 pounds (23 kg) increased useful load by increasing the take-off weight to 3,050 pounds (1,380 kg), a re-designed main landing gear that is 2 inches (5 cm) taller, giving greater propeller and tail clearance, improved aircraft handling due to increased dihedral, improved aerodynamics including new wing root fairings, LED recognition lights, improved heat and ventilation, dual-redundant GPS WAAS-certified Garmin GNS 430W comm-navigators (that include a VHF radio and a VOR/LOC/ILS receiver) and an S-Tec Autopilot.[27][28][29]
United States Air Force T-53A
T-53A
In 2011, the SR20 was selected for cadet flight training with the 306th Flying Training Group at the United States Air Force Academy and given an Air Force model/design/series (MDS) designation as the T-53A. Twenty-five examples will be purchased to replace the Academy's current stock of 20 leased T-52As by May 2012.[30][31]
SR20 G6
Introduced in January 2017, the G6 model adds a Lycoming IO-390 engine of 215 hp (160 kW), an enhanced "Cirrus Perspective-Plus" flight deck (by Garmin) with a 10-times faster instrument processing speed, new LED wingtip lights and a useful load increase of 150 lb (68 kg).[16]
TRAC
Introduced in September 2019, the TRAC is a flight-training version with a simplified, more durable interior, IO-390 engine, Perspective+ flight deck, rear seat push-to-talk functionality, and simulated landing gear controls.[17][18]

Operators

A Cirrus SR20 belonging to Western Michigan University
Purdue University Cirrus SR20 on display at the Oshkosh Airshow

Civil

The SR20 is popular with many flying schools and is operated by private individuals and companies. The largest operators are CAFUC (Civil Aviation Flight University of China) operating 40 aircraft, Aerosim Flight Academy which operates 34, Western Michigan University which has 29, Lufthansa Flight Training with a fleet of 25 and Purdue University with 16.[32][33][34][35]

Military

 France
 United States

Accidents and incidents

Between 1999 and September 2019, the SR20 was involved in 35 known fatal accidents.[38] Listed below are a select few of the most notable ones.

  • On March 23, 1999, Duluth native Scott D. Anderson was killed in a plane crash while flight-testing the first production model SR20 before it went on sale. Anderson was a pilot, author, engineer and adventurer who served as Chief Test Pilot at Cirrus in the mid- to late-1990s, performing all the inflight test-deployments of the CAPS. His plane, which had not yet been equipped with CAPS, experienced an aileron jam during experimental stress-testing and went down in a field near the Duluth International Airport. Anderson was inducted into the Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame in 2010.[39][40][41][42]

Specifications (SR20-G3)

Continental IO-360-ES fitted to a Cirrus SR20

Data from Cirrus SR20 Specifications Webpage[26]

General characteristics

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 155 kn (178 mph, 287 km/h) TAS
  • Stall speed: 56 kn (64 mph, 104 km/h) CAS
  • Service ceiling: 17,500 ft (5,300 m)
  • Rate of climb: 828 ft/min (4.21 m/s)

Avionics

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References

  1. ^ General Aviation Manufacturers Association (2017). "2016 General Aviation Statistical Databook & Industry Outlook" (PDF). Retrieved 2017. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "Purchase Planning Handbook" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network. June 2019.
  3. ^ "Top 100 Airplanes:Platinum Edition". Flying. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Robert Goyer (2011). "10 Ways that the SR22 Changed Flying".
  5. ^ CompsitesWorld (2010). "Cirrus Aircraft's SR22 second-generation design improves functionality and enables faster processing". Retrieved .
  6. ^ Aerofiles: Aircraft Ca to Ci Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  7. ^ a b Federal Aviation Administration (May 2008). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A00009CH Revision 13" (PDF). Retrieved .
  8. ^ Goyer, Robert (Sep 2008). "Cirrus SR20 G3". Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ Cirrus Aircraft News (June 15, 2015). "Cirrus Aircraft Celebrates 6,000th Airplane Delivery". Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Davison, Budd (December 14, 2015). "Aviation 1965-2015". Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ National Transportation Safety Board. "Introduction of Glass Cockpit Avionics into Light Aircraft" (PDF). Retrieved .
  12. ^ Cirrus Owners and Pilots Association (12 October 2018). "Cirrus CAPS History". Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ "Cirrus Aircraft". Cirrus Aircraft. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Cirrus Aircraft 2016 SR Series Introduction". Vimeo.com. January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ Cirrus Aircraft News (February 16, 2016). "Cirrus Aircraft Unveils Enhanced 2016 SR Series". Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ a b Grady, Mary (4 January 2017). "Cirrus Updates SR22 And SR20". AVweb. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ a b Hirschman, Dave (24 September 2019). "Making Better Pro Pilots Faster: New TRAC Trainer from Cirrus". aopa.org. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ a b Mark, Rob (25 September 2019). "Cirrus Unveils TRAC Series of Flight Training Aircraft". flyingmag.com. Flying. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ AVweb staff (20 December 2011). "Aviation Consumer: Cirrus Safety Record Just Average". AVweb. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ Bertorelli, Paul (10 April 2014). "Cirrus Reports Dramatic Accident Reduction". Avweb. Retrieved 2014.
  21. ^ Zimmerman, John (11 February 2015). "Fatal Cirrus crashes are way down - thank the parachute". Air Facts. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ Beach, Rick (1 July 2014). "Mid-Year 2014 Update on Improved Cirrus accident rates". Cirrus Owners and Pilots Association. Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ Anders, Clark (22 May 2015). "Cirrus SR22: The Plane with the Parachute". Disciples of Flight. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ Colby, Douglas (2004). "The New Cirrus SRV". Plane & Pilot. Retrieved .
  25. ^ Cirrus Design. "Cirrus SR20 Models". Archived from the original on 2008-01-07. Retrieved .
  26. ^ a b Cirrus Aircraft (2016). "SR20 Specifications". Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ Niles, Russ F. (April 2008). "G3 SR20 Has New Wings, Refined Interior". Retrieved .
  28. ^ Cirrus Design (2007). "Cirrus SR20 What's New". Archived from the original on 2007-12-31. Retrieved .
  29. ^ Flying Magazine: 20. February 2008. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ Associated Press (June 2011). "Academy gets 25 new trainer aircraft for $6.1M". Air Force Times. Retrieved 2011.
  31. ^ "EAA News - USAF Academy Buys Cirrus SR-20s, Designates T-53A". Eaa.org. 2011-07-06. Archived from the original on 2012-10-25. Retrieved .
  32. ^ Rachel (July 2008). "Delta connection academy offers high school students discovery flights in partnership with a nationwide ace camp program". Archived from the original on 2009-11-19. Retrieved .
  33. ^ Western Michigan University College of Aviation. "Aircraft - Cirrus SR-20". Archived from the original on 12 April 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  34. ^ "Purdue Acquires Cirrus Aircraft". January 2010. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved .
  35. ^ Burns, Ashley (2017). "Cirrus Tapped for Lufthansa's Airline Pilot Training Program". Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "Cirrus News: French Air Force/Cassidian". Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved .
  37. ^ "Cirrus News: Final Air Force T-53A Deliveries". Archived from the original on 2012-05-20. Retrieved .
  38. ^ "ASN Aviation Safety Database results SR20". Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ Passie, Peter (April 2010). "Pilot Scott Anderson Remembered". Retrieved 2015.
  40. ^ Fallows, James (November 21, 1999). "Turn Left at Cloud 109". The New York Times. Retrieved .
  41. ^ Fallows, James (March 7, 2007). "Lidle lawsuit update: the myth of 'aileron failure'". The Atlantic. Retrieved .
  42. ^ Higdon, Dave (March 31, 1999). "Cirrus SR20 demonstrator kills test pilot in prison crash". Flighglobal. Retrieved .
  43. ^ "Yankee Pitcher Dies as Plane Crashes Into NYC High-Rise". ABC News. October 11, 2006. Retrieved 2009.
  44. ^ "Yankees pitcher killed in crash of small plane in Manhattan". CNN. October 12, 2006. Archived from the original on April 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  45. ^ "Yankees Player Among Two Killed In Small Plane Crash On Manhattan's UES". NY1. October 11, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2009.
  46. ^ Feinsand, Mark (October 11, 2006). "Yankees' Lidle killed in plane crash". MLB.com. Retrieved 2009.
  47. ^ Yaniv, Oren; Leo Standora (October 12, 2006). "2nd victim died living his dream". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 29, 2006. Retrieved 2009.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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