Citrus Myrtifolia
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Citrus Myrtifolia

Myrtle-leaved orange tree
Citrus myrtifolia 2.jpg
Chinotto oranges growing on a tree
Scientific classification
C. myrtifolia
Binomial name
Citrus myrtifolia

Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange tree, is a species of Citrus with foliage similar to that of the common myrtle. It is a compact tree with small leaves and no thorns which grows to a height of three metres and can be found in Malta, Libya, the south of France and Italy (primarily in Liguria, typically Savona, and also in Tuscany, Sicily and Calabria).

The fruit of the tree resemble small oranges. It has a bitter flavor and is commonly called by its Italian name, chinotto (Italian pronunciation: [ki'n?tto]). It is an essential flavoring agent of most Italian amari, of the popular Campari apéritif, and of several brands of carbonated soft drinks that are generically called "chinotto".

Citrus myrtifolia is sometimes planted in gardens. Due to its compactness, it can also be planted in a pot or other container.

Chinotto at the Botanical Garden of the Brissago Islands.


Chinoto a sour myritifolia orange, at the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia Ker-Gawl. in Bot. Reg. vol. 4, t. 346, in textu. 1818.
  • Citrus pumila Marc. in Izv. Sochin. Obl. Sukhum. Stants. vol. 2. 1921.


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  • Hodgson, R. W. (1965): Taxonomy and nomenclature in the Citrus fruits (pp 317-331) - In: S. Krishnamurthi (ed.) - Advances in agriculture sciences and their applications Agric. Coll. Res. Inst. Coimbatore.
  • Mortensen, E. & E. T. Bullard - Handbook of tropical and subtropical horticulture. (3. ed. 1966). Department of State Agency for International Development Washington 1964: 260 pp.
  • Morton, J. F. (ed.) - Fruits of warm climates. Creative Resource System Winterville, N.C. 1987: 505 pp.
  • Swingle, W. T. (1946): The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives of the orange subfamily (family Rutaceae, subfamily Aurantioideae) (pp 129-474) - In: H. J. Webber & L. D. Batchelor (eds.) - The citrus industry. Vol. 1. History, botany und breeding Univ. of California Press Berkeley: 1028 pp.
  • Tanaka, T. - Species problem in Citrus. A critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Ueno 1954: 152 pp.
  • Webber, H. J. (1946): Cultivated varieties of Citrus (pp 475-668) - In: H. J. Webber & L. D. Batchelor (eds.) - The Citrus industry; 1. History, botany and breeding Univ. of California Press Berkeley: 1028 pp.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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