Clarence Garlow
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Clarence Garlow
Clarence Garlow
Clarence Joseph Garlow
Clarence "Bon Ton" Garlow
Born (1911-02-27)February 27, 1911
Welsh, Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana, United States
Died July 24, 1986(1986-07-24) (aged 75)
Beaumont, Texas, United States
Genres Rhythm and blues, jump blues, Texas blues, cajun[1]
Guitarist, singer, songwriter
Instruments Guitar, accordion, vocals
Late 1940s-early 1960s (music)
Labels Various including Aladdin and Flair

Clarence Garlow (February 27, 1911 - July 24, 1986)[1] was an American R&B, jump blues, Texas blues and cajun guitarist, singer and songwriter. He is best known for his recording of the song "Bon Ton Roula", which was a hit single on the U.S. Billboard R&B chart in 1950. One commentator called it "a rhythm and blues laced-zydeco song that helped introduce the Louisiana music form to a national audience."[2]

Biography

Clarence Joseph Garlow was born in Welsh, Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana, and moved to Beaumont, Texas, with his family when he was a child.[3][4] He learned the rudiments of playing the fiddle as a youngster. In his teenage years he learned to play the guitar and accordion.[4][5] His guitar playing was influenced by T-Bone Walker.[6] He worked in several factories before recording for Macy's, a small record label in Houston, Texas, in 1949.[4] His debut release, "She's So Fine" backed with "Blues As You Like It", was issued in January 1950.[4]

For the follow-up, Garlow recorded his own song "Bon Ton Roula", a sixteen-bar blues with "an insistent, swirling rhumba rhythm".[7] "The song featured some of the same kind of broken Cajun-isms as Hank Williams's 'Jambalaya'".[8] It became a hit in 1950, reaching number 7 on the Billboard R&B chart.[9] Following the success of the single, Garlow toured in Texas and Louisiana. Feature Records then released another version of his hit, retitled "New Bon Ton Roula". Lyric Records issued two more singles in 1951, but neither made the record charts. The following year, Garlow opened the Bon Ton Drive-In in Beaumont. Relocating to Los Angeles, California, he recorded his third version of "Bon Ton Roula", issued by Aladdin Records as "New Bon-Ton Roulay" in April 1953.[4][10]

Flair Records released "Crawfishin'" backed with "Route 90" in November 1953, for which he was credited on the label as "Bon Ton" Garlow.[4]

Garlow returned to Beaumont in late 1954 and toured with Clifton Chenier, billed as the Two Crazy Frenchmen.[3] Garlow also undertook further recordings, released by Feature, Folk Star, and Goldband Records over the next few years. None had success outside of his local area, and Garlow was by then working as a DJ for the Beaumont-based radio station KJET, for which he hosted the Bon Ton Show until 1961. By this time Garlow had ceased performing and recording, but he continued working in radio in Beaumont and later in Orange, Texas, until the early 1970s.[4] He supplemented his income by working as a mail carrier.[6] He infrequently played locally in the early 1980s, and he performed at the 1984 San Francisco Blues Festival.

Garlow died in July 1986 in Beaumont, aged 75.[4]

His recordings have been issued on various compilation albums over the years.[10][11]

Cover versions Garlow's songs have been recorded by Lonnie Brooks ("Bon Ton Roulet" on Lone Star Shootout), Johnny Winter ("Route 90" on Serious Business), Gary Primich ("Route 90" on Mr. Freeze) and Marcia Ball ("Crawfishin'" on Let Me Play with Your Poodle), among others.[12]

Discography

Compilation albums

Year Title Record label
1982 Clarence Garlow: 1951-1958 Flyright Records (UK)
2003 Clarence Garlow La Cienega Lacga (ESP)

[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Clarence 'Bon Ton' Garlow". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ Santelli, Robert (2001). The Big Book of Blues: A Biographical Encyclopedia. London: Penguin Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-14-100145-3. 
  3. ^ a b "Clarence Garlow". Yee.ch. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Marion, J. C. (2006). "'Bon Ton' - Clarence Garlow". Home.earthlink.net. Retrieved 2011. 
  5. ^ Clayton, Lawrence (2003). The Roots of Texas Music. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. p. 207. ISBN 1-58544-221-6. 
  6. ^ a b "Clarence Garlow". Centrohd.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  7. ^ Sandmel, Ben; Oliver, Rick (1999). Zydeco!. University Press of Mississippi. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-57806-116-7. 
  8. ^ Vera, Billy (1996). Louisiana Swamp Blues. Liner notes. Capitol Records CDP 7243. p. 8. 
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942-1988. Record Research. p. 164. ISBN 0-89820-068-7. 
  10. ^ a b "Clarence 'Bon Ton' Garlow". Rateyourmusic.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  11. ^ "Clarence Garlow". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  12. ^ "Clarence 'Bon Ton' Garlow: Songs". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2011. 
  13. ^ "Clarence Garlow Biography". Kingbiscuitblues.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved 2011. 

External links


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