|Coast Guard Administration|
Logo of the Coast Guard Administration
|Founded||1 February 2000|
|Role||Maritime law enforcement, Maritime Environment Protection, Maritime Safety, search and rescue, Maritime security, Humanitarian Aid|
|Part of||Ocean Affairs Council|
|Commander-in-Chief||President Tsai Ing-wen|
The Coast Guard Administration of the Ocean Affairs Council (CGA; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Pe?h-?e-j?: Hái-iû? Úi-oân-h?e Hái-sûn-sú), aka Taiwan Coast Guard or R.O.C. Coast Guard, is charged with maintaining law and order, protecting the resources of the territorial waters of the Republic of China (Taiwan), which surrounds Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu Islands, Green Island, Orchid Island, Dongsha Islands, and Nansha Islands as well as providing a first line of defense along coastal areas against smugglers and illegal immigrants. The CGA is considered a civilian law enforcement agency under the administration of the Ocean Affairs Council of the Executive Yuan, though during emergencies it may be incorporated as part of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Coast Guard Administration is headed by one minister and three deputy ministers. The CGA includes eight departments, one office and five task forces, as well as a Maritime Patrol Directorate General and a Coastal Patrol Directorate General. Its jurisdiction covers the waters surrounding Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, and the main island of Taiwan to ensure proper protection of the 1,819.8 kilometers coastline and 540,000 square kilometers of "Blue Territory," which is 15 times larger than the island of Taiwan.
Article two of the Coast Guard Law splits the responsibilities of the CGA into three zones, their core area (Shoreline to the end of the Exclusive Economic Zone), Waters temporarily or tentatively within the area of law enforcement, and International waters fisheries patrol.
This includes all land within 500 meters of the high tide line, Territorial waters (extending 12 nm from shoreline), the Contiguous zone (extending 24 nm from shore), and the Exclusive Economic Zone (extending 200 nm from shore).
These are waters within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) were Taiwanese EEZs overlap with those of neighboring nations "where negotiations for delimitation have not yet reached a consensus."
The CGA was established on 1 February 2000, combining the Coast Guard Command (formerly under the Ministry of Defense), the Marine Police Bureau (formerly under the National Police Administration, Ministry of Interior), and several cutters from the Taiwan Directorate General of Customs, Ministry of Finance. The CGA formally unifies coastal and maritime law enforcement agencies.
It has seen a great deal of action for a young agency, participating in numerous search and rescue and anti-smuggling operations. The Coast Guard Administration was also recently involved in escorting Taiwanese fishing boats into waters disputed with Japan claimed by both sides as part of their exclusive economic zones.
In May 2019 the CGA detained two Chinese fishing vessels for illegally fishing inside Taiwan's territorial waters. One vessel was .4 nautical miles off Taiwanese shores while the other was 2.1 nautical miles offshore.
In May 2019 the CGA rescued six fishermen aboard a burning boat nineteen miles offshore. Five fisherman were picked up by cutter while the most seriously injured was airlifted to hospital by helicopter. All fishermen survived the ordeal although three required hospitalization.
On March 1 2020 three coast guard cutters clearing illegal fishing nets off Little Kinmen island were attacked by Chinese fishing boats which had to be repelled with warning shots from a shotgun.
On March 16 2020 the patrol boats CP-1022 and CP-2006 of the 9th Offshore Flotilla based on Kinmen were attacked by ten Chinese speedboats. They had been assisting a Kinmen County Government Fisheries Research Institute patrol boat in clearing fishing nets illegally left in Taiwanese waters by Chinese fishermen when they came under attack from the men in speedboats throwing rocks and bottles. During the incident CP-1022 was rammed at speed and lost the function of two of their three engines and its hull was damaged. The CGA responded to the attack using less lethal means including stun grenades and bean bag rounds which caused the attacking boats to retreat.
Some people in Taiwan[who?] still regard the Coast Guard Administration as an intelligence agency due to its root. Indeed, the land branch of the Coast Guard Administration is inherited from the former Taiwan Garrison Command. As a result, a lot of intelligence personnel from the Military Police Command or the late Taiwan Garrison Command are still in the ROCCGA.
There are several mobile investigative groups subordinated to four corresponding areas of responsibility of the Coastal Patrol Directorate General. All mobile investigative groups of the Coast Guard Administration are tasked to perform intelligence-gathering mission of State Security. While executing such intelligence-gathering function, The Coast Guard Administration is subjected to the supervisory and coordination from the National Security Bureau.
As of 2019 the CGA planned to construct a total of 141 ships, including four 4000-tonne, six 1000-tonne, 12 600-tonne, 17 100-tonne, 52 35-tonne patrol ships and 50 coastal multi-purposed ships, by 2027.
|Over 100 Tones|
|Name||Hull number||Class||Displacement (full load)||Builder||Year of enroling||Year of decommissioning|
|Ho-Hsing||CG101||1,800-ton class||1,823 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1992|
|Mo-Hsing||CG105||800-ton class||917 tones||Wilton-Fijenoord||1988|
|Pao-Hsing||CG107||500-ton class (Pao-Hsing)||694 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1980||2008|
|Te-Hsing||CG109||500-ton class (Te-Hsing)||701 tones||USUKI SHIPYARD CO., LTD.||1977||2014|
|Hsun-Hsing||CG110||300-ton class||264 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1986||2005|
|Taipei||CG116||500-ton class (Taipei)||742 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2001|
|Taichung||CG117||600-ton class||827 tones||Ching Fu Shipbuilding||2001|
|Nantou||CG122||500-ton class (Nantou)||742 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2005|
|Kimmen||CG123||500-ton class (Kimmen)||688 tones||2008|
|Tainan||CG126||2,000-ton class||2,105 tones||2011|
|Xinbei||CG127||2,077 tones||CSBC Corporation||2013|
|Yilan||CG128||3,000-ton class||3,719 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2015|
|Miaoli||CG131||1,000-ton class||1,899 tones||2015|
|(TBD)||CG137||600-ton class||(TBD)||Under construction|
|(TBD)||CG160||4,000-ton class||(TBD)||CSBC Corporation||Under construction|
|(TBD)||CG166||1,000-ton class||(TBD)||(TBD)||Under planning|
|Hsun-Hu No.1||800-ton class||1,127 tones||United Shipbuilding (Taiwan)||1992|
|Hsun-Hu No.2||400-ton class||839 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||1992||2013|
|Hsun-Hu No.5||100-ton class||140 tones||Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding||1992||2014|
|Hsun-Hu No.6||300-ton class||228 tones||Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding||1992|
|Hsun-Hu No.7||1,000-ton class||1,915 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2011|
|Under 100 Tones|
|Class||In service||Hull numbers||Displacement (full load)||Builder|
|100-ton class 1st generation type 1||8||PP-10001
|103 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company|
|100-ton class 1st generation type 2||10||PP-10011
|103 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company |
Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co., Ltd
|100-ton class 2nd generation||3||PP-10025
|118 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company|
|100-ton class 3rd generation type 1||3||PP-10028
|95 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|100-ton class 3rd generation type 2||21
(total 35 in future)
|95 tones||Ching Fu Shipbuilding|
|60-ton class||5||PP-6001,PP-6002,PP-6005,PP-6006,PP-6007||68 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|55-ton class||10||PP-5501,PP-5502,PP-5503,PP-5505,PP-5506,PP-5507,PP-5508,PP-5509,PP-5510,PP-5511||82 tones||(unknown)|
|50-ton class 1st generation type 1||13||PP-5001,PP-5002,PP-5003,PP-5005,PP-5006,PP-5007,PP-5008,PP-5010,PP-5011,PP-5012,PP-5013,PP-5015,PP-5016||56 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|50-ton class 1st generation type 2||14||PP-5017,PP-5019,PP-5020,PP-5021,PP-5022,PP-5023,PP-5025,PP-5026,PP-5027,PP-5028,PP-5029,PP-5030,PP-5031,PP-5032||76 tones||TC Yachts|
|50-ton class 2nd generation||9||PP-5033,PP-5035,PP-5037,PP-5038,PP-5039,PP-5050,PP-5051,PP-5052,PP-5053||56 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|35-ton class 1st generation||28||PP-3501,PP-3502,PP-3503,PP-3505,PP-3506,PP-3507,PP-3508,PP-3509,PP-3510,PP-3511,PP-3512,PP-3513,PP-3516,PP-3517,PP-3518,PP-3519,PP-3520,PP-3521,PP-3522,PP-3523,PP-3525,PP-3526,PP-3527,PP-3528,PP-3529,PP-3530,PP-3531,PP-3532||29 tones||(unknown)|
|35-ton class 2nd generation||24||PP-3535,PP-3536,PP-3537,PP-3538,PP-3539,PP-3550,PP-3552,PP-3553,PP-3555,PP-3556,PP-3557,PP-3558,PP-3559,PP-3560,PP-3561,PP-3562,PP-3563,PP-3565,PP-3566,PP-3567,PP-3568,PP-3572,PP-3576,PP-3580||33 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|30-ton class||13||PP-3002,PP-3003,PP-3005,PP-3006,PP-3007,PP-3009,PP-3011,PP-3012,PP-3015,PP-3016,PP-3017,PP-3018,PP-3019||29 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|20-ton class||45||PP-2001,PP-2003,PP-2005,PP-2006,PP-2007,PP-2008,PP-2009,PP-2010,PP-2012,PP-2013,PP-2015,PP--2016,PP-2017,PP-2018,PP-2019,PP-2021,PP-2022,PP--2023,PP-2025,PP-2027,PP-2028,PP-2029,PP-2030,PP-2031,PP-2032,PP-2033,PP-2035,PP-2036,PP-2037,PP-2038,PP-2050,PP-2051,PP-2052,PP-2053,PP-2055,PP-2056,PP-2058,PP-2059,PP-2060,PP-2061,PP-2062,PP-2063,PP-2065,PP-2066,PP-2067||21 tones||Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd|
|No||Name||Term of Office||Days||Premier|
||25 January 2006||7 December 2014||3238||Su Tseng-chang|
Chang Chun-hsiung II
||8 December 2014||19 May 2016||528||Mao Chi-kuo|
||20 May 2016||27 April 2018||1464||Lin Chuan|
Su Tseng-chang II
|No||Name||Term of Office||Days||Premier|
||28 April 2018||13 February 2019||291||William Lai|
Su Tseng-chang II
||19 February 2019||Incumbent||459||Su Tseng-chang II|