Coast Guard Administration (Taiwan)
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Coast Guard Administration Taiwan
Coast Guard Administration

H?ixúnsh? (Mandarin)
Hói-sùn-su (Hakka)
Republic of China Coast Guard Logo.svg
Logo of the Coast Guard Administration
Founded1 February 2000; 20 years ago (2000-02-01)
Country Taiwan
TypeCoast guard
RoleMaritime law enforcement, Maritime Environment Protection, Maritime Safety, search and rescue, Maritime security, Humanitarian Aid
Part ofOcean Affairs Council
HeadquartersWenshan, Taipei
Websitewww.cga.gov.tw
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Tsai Ing-wen
Director-GeneralChen Guo-en[1]
Insignia
Racing stripeTaiwan Coast Guard Administration racing stripe.svg
FlagFlag of the Coast Guard Administration of the Republic of China.svg
102 Wei Hsung, a 1,800-ton patrol vessel built for Coast Guard Administration

The Coast Guard Administration of the Ocean Affairs Council (CGA; Chinese: ; pinyin: H?iyángw?iyuánhuì H?ixúnsh?; Pe?h-?e-j?: Hái-iû? Úi-oân-h?e Hái-sûn-sú), aka Taiwan Coast Guard or R.O.C. Coast Guard, is charged with maintaining law and order, protecting the resources of the territorial waters of the Republic of China (Taiwan), which surrounds Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu Islands, Green Island, Orchid Island, Dongsha Islands, and Nansha Islands as well as providing a first line of defense along coastal areas against smugglers and illegal immigrants. The CGA is considered a civilian law enforcement agency under the administration of the Ocean Affairs Council of the Executive Yuan, though during emergencies it may be incorporated as part of the Republic of China Armed Forces.[2]

Organization

The Coast Guard Administration is headed by one minister and three deputy ministers. The CGA includes eight departments, one office and five task forces, as well as a Maritime Patrol Directorate General and a Coastal Patrol Directorate General. Its jurisdiction covers the waters surrounding Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, and the main island of Taiwan to ensure proper protection of the 1,819.8 kilometers coastline and 540,000 square kilometers of "Blue Territory," which is 15 times larger than the island of Taiwan.[3]

  • Maritime Patrol Directorate General: Responsible for all maritime patrols and operations at sea.[3][4]
    • 1 - 16th Offshore Flotillas
    • Northern, Southern, Central, and Eastern Flotilla Sectors
  • Coastal Patrol Directorate General: Responsible for land based operations, primarily the patrolling of harbors, beaches and other coastal areas.[3][4]
    • Northern, Southern, Central, and Eastern Coastal Patrol Offices

Scope

Article two of the Coast Guard Law splits the responsibilities of the CGA into three zones, their core area (Shoreline to the end of the Exclusive Economic Zone), Waters temporarily or tentatively within the area of law enforcement, and International waters fisheries patrol.[5]

Core area

This includes all land within 500 meters of the high tide line, Territorial waters (extending 12 nm from shoreline), the Contiguous zone (extending 24 nm from shore), and the Exclusive Economic Zone (extending 200 nm from shore).[5]

Waters temporarily or tentatively within the area of law enforcement

These are waters within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) were Taiwanese EEZs overlap with those of neighboring nations "where negotiations for delimitation have not yet reached a consensus."[5]

International waters

The CGA conducts fisheries patrols in international waters, particularly the north and midwest Pacific Ocean.[5]

History

Coast Guard Administration building.
CGA Cutter engaged in an inter-agency counter-hybrid warfare exercise

The CGA was established on 1 February 2000,[6] combining the Coast Guard Command (formerly under the Ministry of Defense), the Marine Police Bureau (formerly under the National Police Administration, Ministry of Interior), and several cutters from the Taiwan Directorate General of Customs, Ministry of Finance. The CGA formally unifies coastal and maritime law enforcement agencies.[7]

It has seen a great deal of action for a young agency, participating in numerous search and rescue and anti-smuggling operations. The Coast Guard Administration was also recently involved in escorting Taiwanese fishing boats into waters disputed with Japan claimed by both sides as part of their exclusive economic zones.[4]

In May 2019 the CGA detained two Chinese fishing vessels for illegally fishing inside Taiwan's territorial waters. One vessel was .4 nautical miles off Taiwanese shores while the other was 2.1 nautical miles offshore.[8]

In May 2019 the CGA rescued six fishermen aboard a burning boat nineteen miles offshore.[9] Five fisherman were picked up by cutter while the most seriously injured was airlifted to hospital by helicopter. All fishermen survived the ordeal although three required hospitalization.[10]

On March 1 2020 three coast guard cutters clearing illegal fishing nets off Little Kinmen island were attacked by Chinese fishing boats which had to be repelled with warning shots from a shotgun.[11]

On March 16 2020 the patrol boats CP-1022 and CP-2006 of the 9th Offshore Flotilla based on Kinmen were attacked by ten Chinese speedboats. They had been assisting a Kinmen County Government Fisheries Research Institute patrol boat in clearing fishing nets illegally left in Taiwanese waters by Chinese fishermen when they came under attack from the men in speedboats throwing rocks and bottles. During the incident CP-1022 was rammed at speed and lost the function of two of their three engines and its hull was damaged.[11] The CGA responded to the attack using less lethal means including stun grenades and bean bag rounds which caused the attacking boats to retreat.[12]

Intelligence Function

Some people in Taiwan[who?] still regard the Coast Guard Administration as an intelligence agency due to its root. Indeed, the land branch of the Coast Guard Administration is inherited from the former Taiwan Garrison Command. As a result, a lot of intelligence personnel from the Military Police Command or the late Taiwan Garrison Command are still in the ROCCGA.

There are several mobile investigative groups subordinated to four corresponding areas of responsibility of the Coastal Patrol Directorate General. All mobile investigative groups of the Coast Guard Administration are tasked to perform intelligence-gathering mission of State Security. While executing such intelligence-gathering function, The Coast Guard Administration is subjected to the supervisory and coordination from the National Security Bureau.[13]

Future of the CGA

As of 2019 the CGA planned to construct a total of 141 ships, including four 4000-tonne, six 1000-tonne, 12 600-tonne, 17 100-tonne, 52 35-tonne patrol ships and 50 coastal multi-purposed ships, by 2027.[14]

Fleet

Cutters and Patrol Boats

Coast Guard cutters docked in Keelung Harbor.
ROC Coast Guard 600-ton vessel Hualien
ROC Coast Guard 2,000-ton cutter Xinbei
Bridge aboard the 1,000-ton cutter Hsun Hu #7
ROC Coast Guard 1000-ton cutter Pingtung
ROC Coast Guard 500-ton vessel Lienchiang
ROC Coast Guard 3000-ton cutter Kaohsiung
Hsun Hu #7 Response boat in its stern launching ramp
Over 100 Tones
Name Hull number Class Displacement (full load) Builder Year of enroling Year of decommissioning
Ho-Hsing CG101 1,800-ton class 1,823 tones China Shipbuilding Corporation 1992
Wei-Hsing CG102 1992
Mo-Hsing CG105 800-ton class 917 tones Wilton-Fijenoord 1988
Fu-Hsing CG106 1988
Pao-Hsing CG107 500-ton class (Pao-Hsing) 694 tones China Shipbuilding Corporation 1980 2008
Chin-Hsing CG108 1985 2010
Te-Hsing CG109 500-ton class (Te-Hsing) 701 tones USUKI SHIPYARD CO., LTD. 1977 2014
Hsun-Hsing CG110 300-ton class 264 tones China Shipbuilding Corporation 1986 2005
Taipei CG116 500-ton class (Taipei) 742 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company 2001
Taichung CG117 600-ton class 827 tones Ching Fu Shipbuilding 2001
Keeling CG118 2001
Hualien CG119 2001
Penghu CG120 2001
Nantou CG122 500-ton class (Nantou) 742 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company 2005
Kimmen CG123 500-ton class (Kimmen) 688 tones 2008
Lienchiang CG125 2008
Tainan CG126 2,000-ton class 2,105 tones 2011
Xinbei CG127 2,077 tones CSBC Corporation 2013
Yilan CG128 3,000-ton class 3,719 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company 2015
Kaohsiung CG129 2015
Miaoli CG131 1,000-ton class 1,899 tones 2015
Taoyuan CG132 2015
Taitung CG133 2016
Pingtung CG135 2016
(TBD) CG137 600-ton class[14] (TBD) Under construction
(TBD) CG138 Under construction
(TBD) CG139 Under construction
(TBD) CG150 Under construction
(TBD) CG151 Under construction
(TBD) CG152 Under construction
(TBD) CG153 Under construction
(TBD) CG155 Under construction
(TBD) CG156 Under construction
(TBD) CG157 Under construction
(TBD) CG158 Under construction
(TBD) CG159 Under construction
(TBD) CG160 4,000-ton class[15] (TBD) CSBC Corporation Under construction
(TBD) CG161 Under construction
(TBD) CG162 Under construction
(TBD) CG165 Under construction
(TBD) CG166 1,000-ton class[16] (TBD) (TBD) Under planning
(TBD) CG167 Under planning
(TBD) CG168 Under planning
(TBD) CG169 Under planning
(TBD) CG170 Under planning
(TBD) CG171 Under planning
Hsun-Hu No.1 800-ton class 1,127 tones United Shipbuilding (Taiwan) 1992
Hsun-Hu No.2 400-ton class 839 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company 1992 2013
Hsun-Hu No.3 1992 2013
Hsun-Hu No.5 100-ton class 140 tones Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding 1992 2014
Hsun-Hu No.6 300-ton class 228 tones Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding 1992
Hsun-Hu No.7 1,000-ton class 1,915 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company 2011
Hsun-Hu No.8 2013
Hsun-Hu No.9 2013
ROCCGA patrol boats
Under 100 Tones
Class In service Hull numbers Displacement (full load) Builder
100-ton class 1st generation type 1 8 PP-10001
PP-10002
PP-10005
PP-10006
PP-10007
PP-10008
PP-10009
PP-10010
103 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company
100-ton class 1st generation type 2 10 PP-10011
PP-10013
PP-10015
PP-10016
PP-10017
PP-10018
PP-10019
PP-10020
PP-10022
PP-10023
103 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company
Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co., Ltd
100-ton class 2nd generation 3 PP-10025
PP-10026
PP-10027
118 tones Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company
100-ton class 3rd generation type 1 3 PP-10028
PP-10029
PP-10031
95 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
100-ton class 3rd generation type 2 21
(total 35 in future)
PP-10032
PP-10033
PP-10035
PP-10037
PP-10038
PP-10039
PP-10050
PP-10051
PP-10052
PP-10053
PP-10055
PP-10056
PP-10057
PP-10059
PP-10060
PP-10061
PP-10062
PP-10063
PP-10065
PP-10066
PP-10068
95 tones Ching Fu Shipbuilding
60-ton class 5 PP-6001,PP-6002,PP-6005,PP-6006,PP-6007 68 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
55-ton class 10 PP-5501,PP-5502,PP-5503,PP-5505,PP-5506,PP-5507,PP-5508,PP-5509,PP-5510,PP-5511 82 tones (unknown)
50-ton class 1st generation type 1 13 PP-5001,PP-5002,PP-5003,PP-5005,PP-5006,PP-5007,PP-5008,PP-5010,PP-5011,PP-5012,PP-5013,PP-5015,PP-5016 56 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
50-ton class 1st generation type 2 14 PP-5017,PP-5019,PP-5020,PP-5021,PP-5022,PP-5023,PP-5025,PP-5026,PP-5027,PP-5028,PP-5029,PP-5030,PP-5031,PP-5032 76 tones TC Yachts
50-ton class 2nd generation 9 PP-5033,PP-5035,PP-5037,PP-5038,PP-5039,PP-5050,PP-5051,PP-5052,PP-5053 56 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
35-ton class 1st generation 28 PP-3501,PP-3502,PP-3503,PP-3505,PP-3506,PP-3507,PP-3508,PP-3509,PP-3510,PP-3511,PP-3512,PP-3513,PP-3516,PP-3517,PP-3518,PP-3519,PP-3520,PP-3521,PP-3522,PP-3523,PP-3525,PP-3526,PP-3527,PP-3528,PP-3529,PP-3530,PP-3531,PP-3532 29 tones (unknown)
35-ton class 2nd generation 24 PP-3535,PP-3536,PP-3537,PP-3538,PP-3539,PP-3550,PP-3552,PP-3553,PP-3555,PP-3556,PP-3557,PP-3558,PP-3559,PP-3560,PP-3561,PP-3562,PP-3563,PP-3565,PP-3566,PP-3567,PP-3568,PP-3572,PP-3576,PP-3580 33 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
30-ton class 13 PP-3002,PP-3003,PP-3005,PP-3006,PP-3007,PP-3009,PP-3011,PP-3012,PP-3015,PP-3016,PP-3017,PP-3018,PP-3019 29 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
20-ton class 45 PP-2001,PP-2003,PP-2005,PP-2006,PP-2007,PP-2008,PP-2009,PP-2010,PP-2012,PP-2013,PP-2015,PP--2016,PP-2017,PP-2018,PP-2019,PP-2021,PP-2022,PP--2023,PP-2025,PP-2027,PP-2028,PP-2029,PP-2030,PP-2031,PP-2032,PP-2033,PP-2035,PP-2036,PP-2037,PP-2038,PP-2050,PP-2051,PP-2052,PP-2053,PP-2055,PP-2056,PP-2058,PP-2059,PP-2060,PP-2061,PP-2062,PP-2063,PP-2065,PP-2066,PP-2067 21 tones Lung Teh Shipbuilding Co.,Ltd
  • RB-01 (Search/Rescue Boat)
  • RB-02 (Search/Rescue Boat)
  • RB-03 (Search/Rescue Boat)
  • Type CP-1001 (Rubber raft) x9
  • Type SF-801 (Speedboat) x6
  • Type PP-601 (Speedboat) x9

Equipment

Helicopters and drones

CGA patrol vessels and NASC helicopter outside of Port of Kaohsiung

Small arms

Leaders

Ministers (CGA under Executive Yuan)

No Name Term of Office Days Premier
4 Wang Ginn-wang
25 January 2006 7 December 2014 3238 Su Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung II
Liu Chao-shiuan
Wu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
5 Wang Chung-yi
8 December 2014 19 May 2016 528 Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
6 Lee Chung-wei
20 May 2016 27 April 2018 1464 Lin Chuan
William Lai
Su Tseng-chang II

Chairpersons (CGA under Ocean Affairs Council)

No Name Term of Office Days Premier
1 Lee Chung-wei
28 April 2018 13 February 2019 291 William Lai
Su Tseng-chang II
1 Chen Guo-en
19 February 2019 Incumbent 459 Su Tseng-chang II

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile". www.cga.gov.tw. CGA. 2016-05-18. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Dolbow, Jim (August 2016). "World's Coast Guards - Taiwan CGA Committed to Maritime Security". www.usni.org. US Naval Institute. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Organizations". www.cga.gov.tw. CGA. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b c J. Morris, Lyle (2017-02-15). "History and Current Developments Regarding Taiwan's Coast Guard Administration". www.rand.org. RAND. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d "Scope of Enforcement". www.cga.gov.tw. CGA. 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Lu, Myra (28 January 2000). "Patrolling the waters, new coast guard agency launched". Taiwan Today. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Origins". www.cga.gov.tw. CGA. 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ Feng Shao-fu and, Chi Jo-yao. "Two Chinese boats detained for fishing in Taiwan's waters". focustaiwan.tw. Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ Shen Ju-feng and, William Yen. "6 crewmen saved after abandoning burning fishing boat: CGA". focustaiwan.tw. Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ Asia Times, Staff (2019-05-03). "Indonesians rescued after fire on fishing boat". asiatimes.com. Asia Times. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ a b Pan, Jason. "Shots fired as Chinese boats ram coast guard ship". www.taipeitimes.com. Taipei Times. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Panda, Ankit. "Taiwan Coast Guard Reports Chinese Speed Boat Harassment Near Kinmen". thediplomat.com. The Diplomat. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ "Services". www.cga.gov.tw. CGA. 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ a b hen Chi-feng and, William Yen. "Construction works for 600-tonne CGA ship starts in Kaohsiung". focustaiwan.tw. Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan. "Kaohsiung Maritime 2018: Taiwan coastguard acquires four 125 m vessels from local shipbuilder". www.janes.com. Janes. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ Jonathan Chin, Lo Tien-pin and (2019-01-08). "Coast guard to start work on vessels ahead of time". www.taipeitimes.com. Taipei Times. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ Au, Charles. "Taiwan's coast guard selects UAVs". www.shephardmedia.com. Shephard Media. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ Chen, Frank (2018-10-08). "Taiwan to Buy More Locally Produced Weapons". cms.ati.ms. ATI. Retrieved 2019.

External links


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