Coat of Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador
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Coat of Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador

The Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador
Coat of Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg
Versions
Simple arms of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg
Shield
Badge of the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg
ArmigerElizabeth II in Right of Newfoundland & Labrador
Adopted1637/8, fell into disuse, readopted 1928
CrestUpon a wreath Or & Gules an caribou passant proper
BlazonGules a cross argent, in the first quarter a lion passant gardant crowned Or in the second quarter a Unicorn passant argent armed maned and unguled Or gorged with a crown a chain affixed thereto passing between his forelegs and reflexed over his back Or in the third quarter as in the second in the fourth quarter as in the first
SupportersTwo Beothuks garbed for war proper
MottoQUAERITE PRIME REGNUM DEI ("Seek ye first the kingdom of God.")
(From The Gospel According to St. Matthew 6:33)

The coat of arms of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador was originally granted by Garter King of Arms, during the reign of King Charles I of England, on 1 January 1637/8.[1][2][3]

History

David Kirke, Governor of Newfoundland from 1638 to 1651, was the original bearer of the arms, which later faded into obscurity.[]

In 1893, D.W. Prowse published A History of Newfoundland, in which he printed a copy of the Newfoundland arms. Prowse erroneously attributed the armorial bearings to John Guy. The Newfoundland Post Office perpetuated his error by issuing a 1910 two-cent stamp depicting the arms and indicating they were issued to the London and Bristol Company, which financed Guy's colonization attempt.

The Newfoundland arms as granted to David Kirke were found recorded in the College of Heralds after World War I, and in 1928 became the official coat of arms of the Dominion of Newfoundland.[4] It has been in use ever since, despite the changes in Newfoundland and Labrador's status from Dominion to a colony run by the Commission of Government in 1934, and subsequently to a province of Canada in 1949.[5] The Coat of Arms Act (RSNL 1990, chapter C-20, as amended) provides the current legal authority for the use of the arms.[6]

Symbolism

Crest

Newfoundland's caribou herds are represented by the caribou in the crest because the Beothuk are being honored as the original Caribou clan[]

Escutcheon

Two silver unicorns and two gold lions occupy opposing quadrants of the shield. This part of the Coat of Arms recalls the royal beasts that support the arms of the Monarch, the lion represents England and the unicorn stands for Scotland.

Compartment

A mossy knoll.

Supporters

The two Beothuk supporters refer to the indigenous population of Newfoundland.

Motto

Quaerite prime Regnum Dei, quoting Matthew 6:33 from the Bible, "Seek ye first the kingdom of God".[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "RSNL1990 CHAPTER C-20 - COAT OF ARMS ACT". Earl G. Tucker, Queen's Printer. 2006. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ http://www.heritage.nf.ca/articles/society/arms-seals-and-emblems.php
  3. ^ Julian calendar. Also, the date stated on the document says
    "...first day of Jan. in the 13th yeare of the Raigne of our dread Souveraigne Lord Charles [...] And in the yeare of Grace 1637".
    The "first day of Jan. in the 13th yeare of the Raigne" would refer to 1 January 1638 but the document states 1637 as the legal year began on 25 March rather than 1 January. see: Old Style and New Style dates
  4. ^ a b "Heraldry and Flags: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 2008.
  5. ^ "The Arms, Seals, and Emblems of Newfoundland and Labrador". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Coat of Arms Act". Queen's Printer, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Retrieved 2015.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Coat_of_arms_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador
 



 



 
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