Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
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Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Emblem of Yugoslavia
Emblem of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.svg
Emblem of Yugoslavia (1943-1963).svg
Emblem of FPR Yugoslavia (1946-1963). This version featured five torches that represented the brotherhood and unity of the five Yugoslav nations. The sixth torch in the later version was added for the Bosnian Muslims.
Emblem of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.svg
Emblem of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (1943-1946).
UseAs official emblem of Yugoslavia
Greater coat of arms of Yugoslavia (1918-1941).
First coat of arms (1918-1922)

The emblem of Yugoslavia featured six torches, surrounded by wheat with a red star at its top, and burning together in one flame; this represented the brotherhood and unity of the six federal republics forming Yugoslavia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. The date imprinted was 29 November 1943, the day the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) met in Jajce on its second meeting and formed the basis for post-war organisation of the country, establishing a federal republic. This day was celebrated as Republic Day after the establishment of the republic. The emblem of Yugoslavia, along with those of its constituent republics, are an example of socialist heraldry.


Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (previously called Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes) was an evolution of the coat of arms of Serbia. Graphically the coat of arms were similar, featuring only two major differences, the first difference being the royal crowns. The royal Serbian coat of arms depicts the Obrenovi? dynastic crown, while the royal Yugoslav coat of arms depicted the ruling Kara?or?evi? dynastic crown.

The second difference was the shield surmounted on the white double-headed eagle. The previous Serbian coat of arms depicted only the Serbian tetragrammatic cross, representing only the Serbian nation. When Yugoslavia was formed, the surmounted shield was altered to include the newly integrated Croat and Slovene nations, as the three official nations of Yugoslavia. The coat of arms includes three golden six-armed stars in the form of an upside down triangle, adopted from the coat-of-arms of the Counts of Celje family.[1] An image of the royal Yugoslav coat of arms can be seen on the 10-Yugoslav dinar banknote of 1926.[2]

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Stamp version used on printed materials.

During World War II (1943-1945), the Yugoslav state was named Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (DFY), in 1945 it was renamed Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (FPRY), and again in 1963 into Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). The emblem of socialist Yugoslavia was designed in 1943 and remained in use up to 1963, when the country underwent reforms and was renamed for the final time. It featured five torches surrounded by wheat and burning together in one flame; this represented the brotherhood and unity of the five nations of SFRY: Croats, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs and Slovenes. The Bosniaks were not represented as a constituent nation, in spite of the fact that there existence of Bosniaks self-identifying as a nation had taken place since the late 19th century through the influence of figures such as Mehmed-beg Kapetanovi?.[]

As part of the 1963 reforms, the name of the country was changed into Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and its emblem was redesigned to represent six Yugoslav federal republics (instead of the five nations). The new emblem was the final version with six torches, and was in official use up to the country's dissolution in 1992. The date in the insignia remained in the new emblem.

Republic emblems

The emblems of the Yugoslav socialist republics were defined by each of its six constituent republics. Emblems appeared as a symbol of statehood on the documents of republican level, for example on the signs of the republican institutions, on watermarks of school diplomas, etc.

The emblems included old historical symbols where they could demonstrate historical compatibility with the new socialist political system - see Croatian and Serbian traditional emblem in the middle of their coats of arms; also Slovenian Mount Triglav was recognized as a symbol of Slovenian Liberation Front during the National Liberation War during World War II. Where the old symbols were deemed inappropriate (the traditional cross on the Serbian coat of arms, ethnic or religious coat of arms for Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former traditionally monarchist symbol for Montenegro or the historical lion for Macedonia), prominent features or unofficial national symbols were added, e.g. Mount Lov?en for Montenegro, or a pair of chimneys for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The same with the federal Yugoslav emblem: all separate republican emblems featured a red star and wheat, or other important plants from that region. The individual emblems of the six Yugoslav socialist republics were as follows:

Republic Emblem Author Republic-specific features Present-day coat of arms
Bosnia and Herzegovina Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Unknown Plants Conifer twig (left), Deciduous twig (right), two sheaves of wheat (lower middle portion) Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina
geographic features
Silhouette of Jajce
Industry two factory chimneys
Ornaments red ribbon
Croatia Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg Antun Augustin?i?
and Vanja Radau?[3]
Plants Wheat Coat of arms of Croatia.svg
Coat of arms of Croatia
geographic features
Adriatic Sea, rising sun
Industry Iron anvil
Ornaments Chequy
Macedonia Emblem of Macedonia (1946-2009).svg Vasilije Popovi?-Cico[4] Plants Garland of wheat, tobacco leaves and poppy buds Coat of arms of North Macedonia.svg
Emblem of North Macedonia
geographic features
River Vardar, Mount Korab, sunrise, sky
Industry -
Ornaments ribbon with traditional Macedonian embroidery
Montenegro Coat of arms of Montenegro (1945-1994).svg Milan Bo?ovi?[5]
and Milo Milunovi?[5]
Plants laurel wreath Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
Coat of arms of Montenegro
geographic features
Mount Lov?en,[6] Adriatic Sea
Industry -
Ornaments Montenegrin[6] tricolour of Pan-Slavic colors
Serbia Coat of arms of Serbia (1947-2004).svg ?or?e Andrejevi? Kun Plant sheaf of wheat (left), sheaf of oak leaves with acorns (right) Coat of arms of Serbia.svg
Coat of arms of Serbia
geographic features
sunrise, sky
Industry cog-wheel
Ornaments red track (with inscriptions), Serbian traditional symbol
Slovenia Coat of Arms of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia.svg Branko Sim?i? Plants wheat, leaves of linden Coat of arms of Slovenia.svg
Coat of arms of Slovenia
geographic features
Triglav, sea[7]
Industry -
Ornaments red ribbon

See also


  1. ^ Fugger Germandik, Rolanda (2013). Grofje Celjski med zgodovino in mitom [Counts of Celje Between History and a Myth] (in Slovenian). ISBN 978-961-6845-04-5.
  2. ^ 10 dinar note of 1926 Archived February 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Stupari?, Darko. Diplomati izvan protokola : ambasadori Titove Jugoslavije, Centar za kulturnu djelatnost Saveza socijalisti?ke omladine Zagreba, Zagreb, 1978., p. 75.
  4. ^ Jonovski, Jovan. Coats of arms of Macedonia, Macedonian Herald, Electronic Version,, No. 3, March 2009, p. 9.
  5. ^ a b Marku?, Jovan B. Grbovi, zastave i himne u istoriji Crne Gore (? ), "Svetigora" (Izdava?ko-informativna ustanova Mitropolije Crnogorsko-primorske), Cetinje, 2007., p. 47-48., ISBN 978-86-7660-054-0
  6. ^ a b Excerpt from the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro (1963) in: Gu?, Nedeljko. (ed.) Dru?tveno-politi?ko ure?enje, pravosu?e, uprava, (Zbirke propisa I-IV), knj. 1, Prosveta, Beograd, 1967, p. 303.

    ? 7.
    ? ? ? ? ? ? ? . ? , ? ? ? ? . ? ? ?.

    -- Gu?, 1967, 303
  7. ^ 8. ?len Ustave Socialisti?ne republike Slovenije (1974)

External links

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