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The appearance of Cockapoos may vary.
|Cockerpoo, Spoodle, Cockerdoodle (AU), Cockapoodle, French Montay (FR)|
|Foundation stock||Cocker Spaniel, Poodle|
|Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
A Cockapoo is a mixed-breed dog that is a cross between either Cocker Spaniel breeds (American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel) and a poodle (in most cases a miniature poodle or toy poodle). Cockapoos are easy to train dogs.
A Cockapoo can be the result of mating either the American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel with a Poodle. They have been known in the United States since the 1950s.
Due to their fashionable status, Cockapoos are one of the mixed breed dogs most susceptible to be bred by puppy farms or unscrupulous amateur breeders looking to maximize profit.
As with a lot of smaller dogs they tend to be quite long-lived, and it is usual for cockapoos to live between the lifespan of 14-18 years, with some living into their 20s.
However, both purebred Poodles and Cocker Spaniels can suffer from luxating patellas (loose knees), and this can be passed on to their offspring. For this reason, an OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) exam is recommended to check for this problem before dogs are bred.
Purebred Poodles and Cocker Spaniels can also suffer from a number of eye disorders, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). A CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) exam and DNA test for PRA should therefore be performed before breeding. Cockapoos can also get eye infections if their eyes are not cleaned regularly. Gound can form near the eye and get caught in the fur surrounding their eye.
Like many floppy-eared breeds, Cockapoos can be subject to ear infections because of the fur that grows inside their ears, so it is important to keep their ears clean and dry.
Cockapoos have become popular because they generally combine the outgoing, loving personality of the Cocker Spaniel with the low-shedding, low-dander qualities of the Poodle. Cockapoos are moderately active dogs; the level of activity needed varies depending on the type of Poodle cross. If the Poodle is a miniature then the Cockapoo will be a very high energy dog. Cockapoos can be very agile, excelling at "retrieve" games and enjoying activities such as swimming. Cockapoos are frequently very needy dogs and as such are not suitable to be left alone for long periods as they frequently suffer from separation distress or anxiety.
The Cockapoo is a cross-breed, not a purebred, and does not "breed true." In breeders' terms, "breeding true" means that the pups will have consistently predictable characteristics. Cockapoos, however, may inherit the characteristics of either or both their parent breeds. While some Cockapoos appear more similar to Cocker Spaniels, others will exhibit more Poodle traits, creating a variation in Cockapoo appearance and temperament. Cockapoos are not the ideal first-time dog because of their coat maintenance and high level of energy. Cockapoos need to be well socialized with both people and dogs.
Cockapoos vary in colour. They may be:
Cockapoos can be one solid colour or can have complex markings. They can be white with patches of any colour. They can also have spots or freckles of colour, called ticking.
The coat of the Cockapoo will vary from dog to dog. Most will have a coat somewhere between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle. However, some will have a coat more similar to the sleeker coat of the Cocker Spaniel, while others may have a curlier coat like a Poodle. Dogs with coats more similar to a Cocker Spaniel usually look slightly shaggy when their coat becomes too long. Due to the low-shedding, low-dander nature of most Cockapoo's coats, they are often times popular among people with allergies. Although the coat is usually low-shedding, it grows quickly and requires frequent grooming in order to prevent matting, as the long, wavy coat will retain dirt and debris. To prevent matting, owners can purchase a dog comb and groom their dog themselves.
Cockapoo size and weight are a function of the type of dogs the parents were. Breeders usually use a toy or miniature Poodle as the poodle parent. The following table describes the weights, and heights of toy Poodles, miniature Poodles, Cocker Spaniels and Cockapoos, using AKC standards and other information.
|Breed||Average height||Average weight|
|Toy Poodle||10 inches (25 cm) or less||7 to 10 pounds (3.2 to 4.5 kg)|
|Miniature Poodle||10 to 15 inches (25 to 38 cm)||15 to 17 pounds (6.8 to 7.7 kg)|
|Cocker Spaniel||14 to 17 inches (36 to 43 cm)||25 to 34 pounds (11 to 15 kg)|
|Cockapoo||10 to 15 inches (25 to 38 cm)||12 to 24 pounds (5.4 to 10.9 kg)|
There are currently three Cockapoo clubs in America that are working towards developing the Cockapoo by breeding successive generations and establishing it as a recognized breed.
The Cockapoo Club of GB promote "Open and Ethical Breeding to Protect the Cockapoo of Tomorrow, Today." They advocate for a "breeding standard" over a "breed standard".