Colleen Hanabusa
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Colleen Hanabusa
Colleen Hanabusa
Colleen Hanabusa official photo.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 1st district

November 14, 2016 - January 3, 2019
Mark Takai
Ed Case

January 3, 2011 - January 3, 2015
Charles Djou
Mark Takai
11th President of the Hawaii Senate

January 2, 2009 - November 6, 2010
Robert Bunda
Shan Tsutsui
Member of the Hawaii Senate
from the 21st district

January 20, 1999 - November 6, 2010
James Aki
Maile Shimabukuro
Personal details
Born
Colleen Wakako Hanabusa

(1951-05-04) May 4, 1951 (age 68)
Waianae, Hawaii, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
John Souza (m. 2004)
EducationUniversity of Hawaii, Manoa (BA, MA, JD)

Colleen Wakako Hanabusa (born May 4, 1951) is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative from Hawaii's 1st congressional district from 2011 to 2015 and again from 2016 to 2019.[1] She is a member of the Democratic Party and ran for her party's nomination for governor of Hawaii in 2018, challenging and losing to incumbent Governor and fellow Democrat David Ige.

Before her election to the United States House of Representatives, Hanabusa was a member of the Hawaii Senate.[2] She served as the Senate Majority Leader before being elected Hawaii's first female president of the state senate in 2007.[3][4] On August 24, 2011, she announced her intention to run for reelection to Congress.[5]

On December 17, 2012, after the death of Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii, it was announced that Inouye had sent a letter shortly before his death to Hawaii Governor Neil Abercrombie, stating his desire that Hanabusa be appointed to the seat. Abercrombie decided against appointing Hanabusa and selected Lieutenant Governor Brian Schatz instead.[6][7][8] Hanabusa challenged Schatz in the Democratic primary for the 2014 special election, but narrowly lost.[9]

In 2016 Hanabusa announced her intention to run in the 1st congressional district special election to fill the remaining term of Representative Mark Takai, who died in July 2016, and she won the Democratic primary for the race on August 13.[10] Hanabusa also won the election on November 8, 2016, and was sworn in on November 14.[11]

In 2017 Hanabusa announced her decision to run for governor of Hawaii in 2018 rather than reelection to the House. She lost to incumbent Democratic Governor David Ige in the primary. Ige was subsequently reelected to a second term.

Early life and education

A fourth-generation American of Japanese ancestry, Hanabusa grew up in Waiʻanae with her two younger brothers, her parents, and her grandparents. Her parents, Isao and June, owned a gas station.[12] Her maternal grandfather was confined at the Honouliuli Internment Camp on Oahu during World War II.[13] In 1969 she graduated from St. Andrew's Priory. She received a B.A. in economics and sociology in 1973 and an M.A. in sociology in 1975 from the University of Hawai'i and in 1977 received a J.D. from the University of Hawai'i's William S. Richardson School of Law.[14]

Law career

Hanabusa is a labor lawyer with almost 30 years of experience, and a corporate officer in a family-run corporation. She has been recognized in The Best Lawyers in America, Woodward and White, Inc., served as a delegate to the Hawai`i State Judicial Conference, and was noted in Honolulu Magazine as one of Hawai`i's A+ Attorneys in 1993 and subsequent years.

Hawaii Senate

In November 1998 Hanabusa was elected the state senator from the 21st District. The 21st District includes Wai'anae, where her family has resided for four generations, as well as Ko Olina, Kahe Point, Nanakuli, Ma'ili, Makaha, Makua and Ka'ena Point.

One of Hanabusa's first acts upon being elected was to organize senators to vote against the second-term confirmation of Hawaii Attorney General Margery Bronster.[14]

Hanabusa served as Senate Majority Leader before being elected the first woman president of the Senate in 2006, making her the first Asian American woman to preside over a state legislative chamber in the United States.[3] In 2003 she was named one of Hawaii's "top ten political power brokers", along with the state's governor and two U.S. senators, by Hawaii Business Magazine.[15]

Hanabusa ran unsuccessfully in a special election held in January 2003 to replace the late Patsy T. Mink as U.S. Representative from Hawai'i's 2nd congressional district, losing to Ed Case, a Blue Dog Democrat.[16] In 2006 she ran for the same seat after Case retired to unsuccessfully challenge Senator Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary. Hanabusa was again unsuccessful, losing in the Democratic primary to former Lieutenant Governor Mazie Hirono by 844 votes.[17]

Leadership positions

  • Serving the Leeward Coast as State Senator since 1998
  • State Senate President since 2007
  • State Senate Majority Leader since 2007
  • Chair, Judiciary and Hawaiian Affairs Committee
  • Co-chair, Joint Senate House Task Force on Ice and Drug Abatement
  • Senate's first statewide hearings on Rice v. Cayetano
  • United States Supreme Court decision Co-Chair, Joint Senate House Investigative Committee: Felix Consent Decree
  • 2001 Vice Chair, Senate Ways and Means Committee
  • Vice President, State Senate
  • Chair, Senate Committee on Water, Land, and Hawaiian Affairs[4]

Key legislation introduced

  • 3 R's program for repair and maintenance of schools
  • Repeal of the Van Cam Law
  • Tax credit to enable construction and jobs at Ko Olina
  • Bill to reform election contributions
  • Bill to pay the awards of the Individual Rights Panel-DHHL
  • Bill to require community notice prior to establishing a halfway house
  • Bill for a ceded land inventory Education Initiatives[4]

Controversies

In 2002, while in the State Legislature, Hanabusa emerged as the leading advocate for legislation authorizing $75 million in tax credits for Ko Olina Resort, a move she declared necessary to spur development for the Leeward area, but which others saw as a reward for a close associate and political backer, Ko Olina developer Jeff Stone. When Governor Ben Cayetano vetoed the tax credit bill, Hanabusa took the unprecedented step of suing to overturn the veto.[18][19]

Within months, Hanabusa's then-fiancé John Souza received a preferential deal in purchasing one of Stone's homes in Ko Olina. In February 2005, less than two years after Souza bought the home, he sold it for a $421,000 profit, according to real estate records. Souza and Hanabusa, who were engaged at the time and married in 2008, then bought a $1 million home in another Ko Olina subdivision developed by Centex Homes of Texas.[20]

When State Representative Glenn Wakai introduced legislation to prevent the eating of dogs and cats, Hanabusa refused to hold hearings on it in the State Senate Judiciary Committee, preventing it from passing.[21]

The Ko Olina tax-credit legislation, intended to promote development of a "world-class" aquarium at the resort, expired after plans for the aquarium were abandoned. Ko Olina Resort eventually returned the tax credit, but the Lingle Administration and Hanabusa disagreed on how to use the returned funds.[22]

While in Congress, Hanabusa was called a "loan shark" by the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington for abusing her position to pay herself excessive interest to settling her campaign debt. Hanabusa's spokesperson said these payments were merely repayment of a bank loan.[23]

In January 2013 Hanabusa appeared on The O'Reilly Factor, where she criticized a derogatory comment O'Reilly made toward Asians. O'Reilly condemned her for not having seen the program in which he made his statement, even though his comment was still widely considered offensive. O'Reilly had previously commented on various social issues in Hawaii.[24]

U.S. House of Representatives

Tenure

Hanabusa at the Aloha Floral Parade in 2010

After House GOP leader John Boehner pledged to give incumbent Congressman Charles Djou a seat on the Appropriations Committee, Senator Daniel Inouye said that Democrats would also name Hanabusa to Appropriations.[25] However, House Democratic leadership instead appointed her to the Armed Services and Natural Resources committees.[26]

Hanabusa was the third Buddhist to join the United States Congress, preceded by Hank Johnson of Georgia and Mazie Hirono of Hawaii.[27] Herelection made Hawaii the only state with a majority non-Christian House delegation. She was a member of the New Democrat Coalition.[28]

She left the House at the end of the 113th Congress to run for US Senate in 2014, losing in the primary. After regaining the seat in 2016, she chose to run in the Democratic primary for governor of Hawaii in 2018, leaving the House again after the 115th Congress.

Elections

2010

Hanabusa ran unsuccessfully in the May 22, 2010, special election to serve out the remaining months of former Representative Neil Abercrombie's term; then-City Councilman Charles Djou defeated her without winning a majority of the votes under the rules of the all-party election that split the Democratic vote between Hanabusa and rival Ed Case, a moderate Democrat.[29][30]

U.S. Senators Daniel Inouye and Daniel Akaka supported Hanabusa's special election campaign and backed her again in the September primary. Some in the national Democratic Party indicated a preference for Case, who previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives before an unsuccessful U.S. Senate primary challenge to Akaka in 2006. The national Democratic leadership remained officially neutral.[31][32]

On May 30, 2010, Case, citing his third-place showing in the special election and to avoid a rift among Democrats that could lead to Djou's winning the November election, announced his withdrawal from the race and gave his support to Hanabusa.[33] That made Hanabusa the top Democratic candidate in the September party primary, which she won.[34] Hanabusa subsequently challenged Djou for the same seat and on November 2 won the general election, 53.2 percent to 46.8 percent.[2][35][36]

2012

Although there was some speculation that she would run to succeed retiring Senator Daniel Akaka, Hanabusa opted to run for reelection to Congress.[5] She faced Djou again, and defeated him with 54.6 percent of the vote.

2014

On December 17, 2012, the second-longest serving U.S. Senator in history, Daniel Inouye, who had represented the state of Hawaii since it became a state in 1959, died of respiratory complications.[37] Shortly before his death, Inouye sent Hawaii Governor Neil Abercrombie a letter requesting that Hanabusa be appointed to his seat for the remainder of his term. Hanabusa submitted her name for consideration to the Democratic Party of Hawaii,[38] which then included her on a list of three candidates for Abercrombie's consideration.[6][7][39] Abercrombie chose Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii Brian Schatz.[8][40] On December 26, 2012, Schatz was sworn in by Vice President Joe Biden. On May 2, 2013, Hanabusa announced she would challenge Schatz in the 2014 Democratic primary. She said "Brian was not elected. He was appointed, and I don't think the people have really had an opportunity to weigh in on who they want to represent them in the United States Senate."[41]

In May, Hanabusa was endorsed by Inouye's widow, Irene, who said, "Shortly after she was elected president of the Hawaii State Senate, Dan recognized that Colleen was more than capable of succeeding him and he began to mentor her. His last wish was that Colleen serve out his term because he was confident in her ability to step into the Senate and immediately help Hawaii."[42] Hanabusa's campaign hired many of Inouye's staffers.[43] Polling throughout the campaign was controversially mixed, with each campaign releasing different poll results.[44] In the end, Schatz won narrowly, with 115,401 votes to Hanabusa's 113,632.

2016

Hanabusa being sworn in by Speaker Paul Ryan

In May 2016 Hanabusa's successor in the House, Mark Takai, announced he was not running for reelection that year due to pancreatic cancer. Hanabusa subsequently announced that she would once again run for the seat.[45] Prior to his July 20, 2016, death, Takai endorsed Hanabusa to succeed him.[46] Two weeks after his death, on August 3, Hanabusa announced that she would also run in the special election on November 8, 2016, the same date as the regularly scheduled election, to finish Takai's term in the 114th United States Congress.[47] On August 13 she easily won the Democratic primary for the general election.[48] On October 24 Hanabusa resigned as Chair of the HART Board.[49] She won both the special and general elections with more than 60 percent of the vote.

Legislation

As a Representative, Hanabusa sponsored 14 bills, including:[50]

112th Congress (2011-2012)

  • H.R. 3320, a bill to increase funds for grants to U.S. owned Pacific islands to offset costs resulting from the residency of people from a Compact of Free Association (COFA) member-state, introduced November 2, 2011. Hanabusa introduced a similar bill, H.R. 1222, in the 113th Congress.

113th Congress (2013-2014)

  • H.R. 912, a bill to allow for Medicaid to provide care to people lawfully residing in a U.S. owned Pacific island who are from a COFA member-state, introduced February 28, 2013
  • H.R. 2225, a bill to change Memorial Day from the last Monday in May to its previous date of May 30, introduced June 3, 2013

In addition to the bills listed above, Hanabusa sponsored several bills relating to Filipino World War II veterans that would, among other things, recognize their efforts in World War II and provide veteran benefits to them.

Committee assignments (115th Congress)

Caucus memberships

Inter-Congressional career

After leaving Congress in January 2015, Hanabusa continued with her labor law practice. In June 2015 Honolulu mayor Kirk Caldwell appointed her to the board of directors of the Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation (HART), the operator of Honolulu Rail Transit,[52] to replace Carrie Okinaga. She became its chairperson in April 2016 and resigned from it in October 2016.[53] She has served on the board of directors for Hawaii Gas since June 2015.[54]

2018 gubernatorial election

Hanabusa decided not to run for reelection to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2018 and instead ran for statewide office, this time for governor of Hawaii. She challenged incumbent Governor David Ige in the Democratic primary. Based on polling as late as May 2018, she was favored to defeat Ige in the August primary,[55] but Ige won, 50 percent to 43 percent.[56] Fellow Democrat Ed Case ran for and won Hanabusa's House seat, and took office in January 2019.

See also

References

  1. ^ As pronounced by herself in "Obligation".
  2. ^ a b Goodin, Emily (November 3, 2010). "Dems pick up Hawaii seat". The Hill. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ a b EMILY's List (2013), "Colleen Hanabusa", emilyslist.org, retrieved 2013
  4. ^ a b c "About Colleen", Hanbusa for Hawaii, 2013, archived from the original on September 21, 2013, retrieved 2013
  5. ^ a b Blair, Chad (August 24, 2011), "No Senate Run for Hanabusa", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved 2011
  6. ^ a b Isenstadt, Alex (December 17, 2012), "Colleen Hanabusa favorite for Daniel Inouye seat", Politico.com, retrieved 2013
  7. ^ a b "Inouye gave preference for successor before he died", CNN PoliticalTicker, December 18, 2012, retrieved 2013
  8. ^ a b Glueck, Katie (December 27, 2012), "Brian Schatz chosen to replace Daniel Inouye", Politico.com, retrieved 2013
  9. ^ Cheney, Kyle; Dovere, Edward-Isaac (August 16, 2014). "Brian Schatz edges Colleen Hanabusa in Hawaii primary". Politico. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "Schatz, Hanabusa, Gabbard Win Hawaii Democratic Primaries". www.rafu.com. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ Duran, Nicole (November 14, 2016). "Three House lawmakers sworn in just before Congress ends". Washington Examiner.
  12. ^ "About Colleen Hanabusa". Archived from the original on 2018-07-17.
  13. ^ "Rep. Hanabusa Comments on Anniversary of Forced Relocation of Japanese Americans". Big Island Now. February 20, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ a b Rees, Robert M. (June 12, 2002), "Queen of the Senate", Honolulu Weekly, archived from the original on September 27, 2011
  15. ^ "Hawaii's Powerbrokers (List)", Honolulu Business Magazine, October 2003, retrieved 2010
  16. ^ Gima, Craig (January 6, 2003), "Victorious Case sees end of old-style politics", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, retrieved 2011
  17. ^ Reyes, B.J. (September 25, 2006), "Statewide name recognition gives Hirono the advantage", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, retrieved 2011
  18. ^ Pang, Gordon Y.K. (August 29, 2006), "Is 2nd time charm for U.S. House candidate?", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2010
  19. ^ Dooley, Jim (March 4, 2004), "Senator sees no conflict in many ties to Ko Olina", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2010
  20. ^ Dooley, Jim (October 28, 2010), "Exclusive Report: Close Ties Between Congressional Candidate Colleen Hanabusa and Ko Olina Developer Rake in Funds", Hawaii Reporter, retrieved 2011
  21. ^ "Honolulu Star-Bulletin News /2005/03/05/". Archives.starbulletin.com. Retrieved 2014.
  22. ^ Kua, Crystal (January 18, 2007), "Ko Olina Resort returns tax credit of $75 million", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 12 (18), retrieved 2010
  23. ^ Dooley, Jim (March 22, 2012), "Hanabusa Rips Washington Group Calling Her A "Loan Shark"", Hawaii Reporter, retrieved 2012
  24. ^ "Hanabusa, O'Reilly tangle over report", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, January 12, 2013, retrieved 2013(subscription required)
  25. ^ Associated Press (October 20, 2010), "Inouye: Hanabusa would win appropriations spot", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  26. ^ Associated Press (January 19, 2011), "Hanabusa appointed to armed services and natural resources committees", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  27. ^ "Faith on the Hill: The Religious Composition of the 114th Congress". Pew Research Center. January 5, 2015. Retrieved 2016. The number of Buddhists in Congress fell from three to two, as Rep. Colleen Hanabusa, D-Hawaii, lost her bid for a Senate seat.
  28. ^ "Members". New Democrat Coalition. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ DePledge, Derrick (January 14, 2010), "Hawaii candidates for Congress outline policy differences", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  30. ^ DePledge, Derrick (May 24, 2010), "Election results show Djou's appeal outside East Honolulu", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  31. ^ DePledge, Derrick (May 6, 2010), "Hanabusa defies polls, will stay in race", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  32. ^ DePledge, Derrick (January 10, 2010), "Senators boost Hanabusa", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  33. ^ DePledge, Derrick (May 31, 2010), "Case stuns with withdrawal from Hawaii congressional primary", Honolulu Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  34. ^ Star-Advertiser staff (September 19, 2010), "Djou and Hanabusa have rematch Nov. 2", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  35. ^ "House Map - Election Results 2010 - The New York Times", New York Times, retrieved 2011
  36. ^ Reyes, B.J. (November 4, 2010), "Hanabusa sweeps districts", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved 2011
  37. ^ Elving, Ron; Block, Melissa (December 17, 2012), "Hawaii Sen. Daniel Inouye Dies At 88 Of Respiratory Complications", NPR.org, retrieved 2013
  38. ^ Wong, Scott (December 19, 2012), "Hanabusa to apply for Inouye's Hawaii Senate seat", Politico.com, retrieved 2013
  39. ^ DePledge, Derrick; Reyes, B.J. (December 27, 2012), "Mr. Schatz goes to Washington", Honolulu Star-Advertiser, retrieved 2013(subscription required)
  40. ^ Blair, Chad (December 26, 2012), "Why Abercrombie Didn't Pick Hanabusa", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved 2013
  41. ^ Garcia, Oskar (May 2, 2013), "Hanabusa announces US Senate run in Hawaii", Yahoo News, Associated Press, retrieved 2013
  42. ^ Schultheis, Emily (May 3, 2013), "Daniel Inouye's widow endorses Colleen Hanabusa over Brian Schatz", Politico.com, retrieved 2013
  43. ^ Blair, Chad; Grube, Nick (June 24, 2013), "Can Inouye's Ghost Take Down Sen. Brian Schatz?", Honolulu Civil Beat, Peer News, retrieved 2013
  44. ^ Burns, Alexander (July 3, 2013), "Hawaii Dems clash on 2014 polls", Politico.com, retrieved 2013
  45. ^ Dayton, Kevin (May 25, 2016). "Hanabusa to run for U.S. House to succeed Takai". Honolulu Star-Advertiser.
  46. ^ Daysog, Rick (May 29, 2016). "Takai endorses Hanabusa in congressional race". Hawaii News Now.
  47. ^ Dayton, Kevin (August 3, 2016). "Special-election winner will finish Takai's term". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2016.
  48. ^ Cole, William (August 13, 2016). "Schatz, Hanabusa, Gabbard cruise to victory in congressional races". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2016.
  49. ^ Honoré, Marcel (October 28, 2016). "Longtime construction executive to replace Hanabusa on HART board". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2016.
  50. ^ "Representative Hanabusa's Legislation". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2014.
  51. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  52. ^ "Hanabusa Picked to Help Monitor Honolulu Rail Project". 1 June 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  53. ^ 28, 2016 October; 28, 2016 Updated October; 11:25am, 2016. "Longtime construction executive to replace Hanabusa on HART board". Retrieved .
  54. ^ "Hawaii Gas names Colleen Hanabusa, Colbert Matsumoto, Catherine Ngo to board of directors - Pacific Business News". Pacific Business News. Retrieved 2016.
  55. ^ Eagle, Nathan (May 22, 2018). "Poll: Hanabusa Leads Ige By 6 As Primary Draws Closer". Civil Beat. Retrieved 2018.
  56. ^ "Primary Election 2018 - State of Hawaii - Statewide" (PDF). Hawaii Office of Elections. Retrieved 2018.

External links


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