Collierville, Tennessee
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Collierville, Tennessee
Collierville, Tennessee
Collierville Town Square
Collierville Town Square
Location of Collierville in Shelby County, Tennessee
Location of Collierville in Shelby County, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°3?16?N 89°40?56?W / 35.05444°N 89.68222°W / 35.05444; -89.68222
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyShelby
Government
 o MayorStan Joyner (R)
 o Town AdministratorJames Lewellen
Area
 o Total36.28 sq mi (93.96 km2)
 o Land36.20 sq mi (93.76 km2)
 o Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
Elevation
381 ft (116 m)
Population
 o Total43,965
 o Estimate 
(2019)[3]
51,040
 o Density1,398.15/sq mi (539.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38017, 38027
Area code(s)901
FIPS code47-16420[4]
GNIS feature ID1280985[5]
Websitewww.collierville.com

Collierville is a town in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States, and a suburb located in the Memphis metropolitan area. It had a population of 43,965 at the 2010 census,[6] making it the state's largest town by population in that Census.

Collierville is a town of large houses and considerable retail expansion. Smaller, older houses are still found in the heart of Collierville, mainly between Byhalia Road and Collierville-Arlington on the east and west and Shelton and Highway 72 on the north and south. Some industry, notably Pepsi and Carrier, still dots the areas located south of Poplar Avenue. The town is also home to the Avenue at Carriage Crossing, an 800,000+ sq ft shopping center that opened in October 2005. Baptist Hospital, Collierville, serves the medical needs of the town's residents. Collierville will become part of the Interstate 69 highway plan integrating Bill Morris Parkway (SR 385) as Interstate 269, part of this USDOT project linking Canada and Mexico with the United States.

Collierville was chosen as one of Relocate-America's Top 100 Places to Live in 2008.[7] In 2014, Collierville's historic town square was ranked by Parade Magazine as the "Best Main Street" in America.[8]

History

Battle of Collierville

Collierville, TN is the second oldest town in Shelby County. The town was named after Jesse R. Collier (an entrepreneur), who bought land and advertised it as "The Town of Collier". The first town was burned to the ground during "Sherman's March to the Sea" in the Civil War. The land was bought again in 1867 and the town was restored in 1870.[9]

There were two battles and two small skirmishes of the American Civil War that occurred late in 1863 at Collierville in Shelby County. The first Battle of Collierville occurred on October 11, 1863. Collierville was one of the garrisons established to protect the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. For the Confederates, the Union garrison was a source of fresh supplies. Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers' division of 3000 men attacked the garrison and earthworks defended by 550 men, including Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman.

The Battle of Collierville on November 3 was the second Confederate cavalry raid that attempted to break up the Memphis and Charleston Railroad behind Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's XV Army Corps, then in the process of marching to the relief of Chattanooga. When Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers, leading a cavalry division riding up from Mississippi, learned that only two Union regiments defended Collierville, he decided to attack. Union Col. Edward Hatch possessed more men than Chalmers supposed, stationed at Collierville and at Germantown, 5 miles (8 km) to the west. Scouts warned Hatch of Chalmers's approach from the south, so he ordered Collierville's defenders to be prepared and rode from Germantown with cavalry reinforcements. Chalmers, as he had done only three weeks earlier, attacked from the south. Col. Hatch arrived with help. Surprised by the unexpected appearance of the enemy on his flanks, Chalmers concluded that he was outnumbered, called off the battle, and, to ward off Union pursuit, withdrew back to Mississippi. The Memphis & Charleston Railroad remained open to Tuscumbia, Alabama, for Union troop movements. Estimated casualties were 60 for the Union and 95 for the Confederacy for a total of 155.[10]

Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman participated in the battle of October 11, and his monument in Washington, D.C. lists "Colliersville" as one of his battles. The Union commanders referred to it as "Colliersville" in the official reports.

An old wagon trail bench, which are commonly seen throughout Collierville

Geography

Collierville is located at 35°3?16?N 89°40?56?W / 35.05444°N 89.68222°W / 35.05444; -89.68222 (35.054366, -89.682306).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.5 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.41%, is water.

Major thoroughfares

Climate

Collierville has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are persistently hot (between 68 °F (20 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C)) and humid due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early Autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October.

Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late Autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Fall foliage becomes especially vibrant after the first frost, typically November, and lasts until early December. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur. The official all-time record low temperature was -13.0 °F (-25.0 °C), which occurred on December 24, 1963. Mild spells are sometimes warm with temperatures as high as 75 °F (23 °C) during January and February. Snowfall is not abundant but does occur during most winters, with an annual average of 5.7 inches (14.4 cm) at the airport.

Spring often begins in late February or early March, following the onset of a sharp warmup. This season is also known as "severe weather season" due to the higher frequency of tornadoes, hail, and thunderstorms producing winds greater than 58 mph (93 km/h). Collierville is above the Tennessee state average for Tornado activity, and 188% of the average for the US.[13] Historically, April is the month with the highest frequency of tornadoes, though tornadoes have occurred every month of the year.

Collierville is sunny approximately 64% of the time. Average rainfall is slightly higher during the spring months than the rest of the year, but not to any noticeable extent. Collierville receives around 55 inches of rainfall every year.[14]

Demographics

As of the 2000 census,[4] there were 31,872 people, 10,368 households, and 8,937 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,298.3 people per square mile (501.3/km²). There were 10,770 housing units at an average density of 438.7 per square mile (169.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.87% White, 7.33% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 10,368 households, out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

By 2013, Collierville's total population had grown to an estimated 46,568 [17] people.

Churches

Collierville is home to many places of worship of various denominations. Among them is Central Church, a non-denominational mega-church of almost 6000 members[], the Catholic Church of the Incarnation with nearly 4,500 members[], Collierville United Methodist Church with more than 3,400 members, and Collierville First Baptist Church with more than 3,200 members.[18] Collierville is also home to numerous other Baptist churches, three United Methodist churches, one meetinghouse of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) serving two congregations, a few Presbyterian churches, and a few scattered Lutheran churches. The Collierville Presbyterian Church now located on Poplar Ave. at Peterson Lake Rd, was organized in 1844 and first known as Salem Church. The name was changed to the Presbyterian Church of Collierville in 1871, dedicating in 1886 the white, wooden church building which still stands on Walnut St. today.[19] St. Andrew's Episcopal Church has been in existence since 1892. Kirk Christian Church has been around for over a century. Peace Tree is a newly formed church seeking to reach people by meeting in neutral locations such as homes, restaurants, and parks.[20]

Economy

The total percentage of the civilian work force over 16 years of age is approximately 68% and the poverty percentage of the town's population is approximately 4.7%.[21][22]

Income

Median Income in Collierville[23]
Year Median Income ($) Margin of error (±$)
2013 101,000 4,051
2014 106,783 5,316
2015 110,084 6,175
2016 110,591 6,205
2017 113,957 6,842

The per-capita income of Collierville is estimated to be approximately $44,410.[24]

Housing

The average value of housing in Collierville, TN in 2017 was estimated to be $286,700,[21] whereas market listings in 2019 estimate a value of $345,000, with a predicted increase to approximately $356,000 in 2020.[25]

Education

Of residents 25 years of age and older, 96% have a high school diploma or higher, 51.8% have a bachelor's degree or higher, and 18.2% have a graduate or professional degree.[26] Of current students, 95.6% attend public schools, 4.4% attend private schools.[27]

Until 2014, Collierville was served by the Shelby County School District, which is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Several private schools are also located in the town.

On August 2, 2012, voters in the town overwhelmingly passed an ordinance establishing a separate school district for the town beginning in the 2013-2014 school year.[28] It passed 10,615 (87%) to 1,519 (13%).

Collierville Schools is the new municipal school district serving the city of Collierville as of 2018.

Collierville Schools

Elementary schools:

  • Bailey Station Elementary
  • Collierville Elementary
  • Crosswind Elementary
  • Sycamore Elementary
  • Tara Oaks Elementary
  • Schilling Farms Elementary School[29]

Middle schools:

High schools:

Private schools

Private schools outside of Collierville Schools

Central Day School[32]

Collierville Methodist Preschool[32]

The Goddard School[32]

Colleges and Universities

Libraries and Performing Arts Centers

  • Lucius E. and Elsie C. Burch, Jr. Library [35]
  • The Harrell Performing Arts Theatre [36]
  • New Day Children's Theatre[37]
  • The Orpheum Theatre[37]

Museums

  • Morton Museum of Collierville [38]
  • Museum of Biblical History [39]

Culture

Collierville's traditional destination for visitors is the Historic Square, in the center of downtown. This quaint shopping destination boasts trendy shops, fun eateries, and a tree-lined park, all overlooking the old train depot from which the town grew.

Fair on the Square and the annual Symphony in the Rose Garden both take place every May in Collierville.[40][41] The Summer concert series at the historic Collierville town square kicks off the first week of June and lasts through the end of July.[41] Collierville's Farmers Market[42] is located in the parking lot of Collierville United Methodist Church at their 454 W Poplar Ave location.

Notable people

See also

  • Battle of Collierville for description of both battles of 1863, with links to commanders and units that fought there.

References

  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Collierville, Tennessee QuickFacts Archived 2013-12-11 at the Wayback Machine, United State Census Bureau website. Retrieved: 6 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Collierville town, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ Relocate-America's 2008 Top 100 Places to Live Archived August 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "History of Our Town". ColliervilleChamber of Commerce Collierville, TN. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Battle Summary: Collierville, TN<". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "Collierville, Tennessee (TN) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Data, US Climate. "Climate Collierville - Tennessee and Weather averages Collierville". Usclimatedata.com. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "These are the 45 U.S. places with median incomes above $100K". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Southern Baptist Convention > Collierville First Baptist Church". Sbc.net. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ Template:Cite The Independent, Wed., Sept 21, 1994. p.6
  20. ^ "Peace Tree Church". Peace Tree UMC. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Collierville town, Tennessee". www.census.gov. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Collierville, Tennessee (TN) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Retrieved .
  23. ^ "Collierville, TN | Data USA". datausa.io. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "Collierville, TN Employment - Median Household Income, Unemployment Rate". www.areavibes.com. Retrieved .
  25. ^ www.zillow.com https://www.zillow.com/captchaPerimeterX/?url=%2fcollierville-tn%2fhome-values%2f&uuid=12726bd0-1471-11ea-9d69-df62f4749aaf&vid=. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "Collierville, Tennessee (TN) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ CNN.com, Money Magazine: Best places to live 2007: Collierville, TN snapshot
  28. ^ "Voters choose to form municipal school districts". Wmctv.com. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  29. ^ "Schilling Farms Elementary School". schillingfarmses.colliervilleschools.org. Retrieved .
  30. ^ "West Collierville Middle School". westcolliervillems.colliervilleschools.org. Retrieved .
  31. ^ "Best High Schools in Tennessee". Usnews.com. Retrieved .
  32. ^ a b c "Top Collierville, TN Private Schools (2019-20)". www.privateschoolreview.com. Retrieved .
  33. ^ "University of Memphis plans satellite site". 10 July 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ [2]
  35. ^ "Home - Town of Collierville Library". colliervillelibrary.org. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "Collierville Theater, The Harrell Performing Arts Theatre Collierville, TN 2017/18 Season". Harrelltheatre.org. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ a b "Arts & Culture". ColliervilleChamber of Commerce Collierville, TN. Retrieved .
  38. ^ "Home - Collierville Museum". colliervillemuseum.org. Retrieved 2017.
  39. ^ "Museum of Biblical History - Collierville, TN". Biblical-museum.org. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ "Collierville Theater, The Harrell Performing Arts Theatre Collierville, TN Symphony in the Garden". Harrelltheatre.org. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ a b [3]
  42. ^ "All About Home". Farmersmarketcollierville.com. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ Reynolds, J. L.; Elledge, Fred, Jr.; Minick, Norman; Denney, W. Raymond. "J. Washington Moore" (PDF). Nashville Bar Association. Retrieved 2016.

External links

Coordinates: 35°03?16?N 89°40?56?W / 35.054366°N 89.682306°W / 35.054366; -89.682306


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Collierville,_Tennessee
 



 



 
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