Colusa County, California
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Colusa County, California
Colusa County, California
County of Colusa
Colusa County Courthouse
Colusa County Courthouse
Official seal of Colusa County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
RegionSacramento Valley
IncorporatedFebruary 18, 1850[1]
Named forRancho Colus
County seatColusa
Largest cityColusa (population)
Williams (area)
Area
 o Total1,156 sq mi (2,990 km2)
 o Land1,151 sq mi (2,980 km2)
 o Water5.6 sq mi (15 km2)
Highest elevation7,059 ft (2,152 m)
Population
 o Total21,419
 o Estimate 
(2016)[4]
21,588
 o Density19/sq mi (7.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area code530
Websitewww.countyofcolusa.org

Colusa County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,419.[3] The county seat is Colusa.[5] It is in the Central Valley of California, northwest of the state capital, Sacramento.

History

Colusa County is one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Tehama County in 1856 and to Glenn County in 1891.[6]

The county was named after the 1844 Rancho Colus Mexican land grant to John Bidwell. The name of the county in the original state legislative act of 1850 was spelled Colusi, and often in newspapers was spelled Coluse.[7][8] The word is derived from the name of a Patwin village known as Ko'-roo or Korusi located on the west side of the Sacramento River on the site of the present-day city of Colusa.[9][10] The name was established as Colusa by 1855.[6]

Early History

Present-day Colusa County was originally home to the Patwin band of the Wintun people,[11] whose territory included areas along the Sacramento River as well as lands extending west towards Lake County, bounded in the north by the sources of Stony Creek near Stonyford and in the south by Putah Creek.[12]

Linguistically, the Patwin people in the Colusa area spoke two dialects of the Southern Wintuan language. River Patwin was spoken in villages along the Sacramento River, including at Korusi, site of the present city of Colusa. Hill Patwin was spoken in the plains and foothills to the west.[11]

European Settlement

Present-day Colusa County was included as part of three Mexican land grants: John Bidwell's smaller 1845 Rancho Colus grant, which included the modern city of Colusa;[13] the larger 1844 Rancho Jimeno grant, which surrounded the Colus grant;[14][13] and the 1844 Larkin's Children grant, located upriver from Colusa near the present town of Princeton, California.[15][16]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,156 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,151 square miles (2,980 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (0.5%) is water.[17] A large number of streams drain the county, including Elk Creek, Salt Creek, Stony Creek and Bear Creek.

The county's eastern boundary is formed, in part, by the Sacramento River.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Colusa County had a population of 21,419. The racial makeup of Colusa County was 13,854 (64.7%) White, 195 (0.9%) African American, 419 (2.0%) Native American, 281 (1.3%) Asian, 68 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,838 (27.3%) from other races, and 764 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,804 persons (55.1%).[30]

2000

As of the census[31] of 2000, there were 18,804 people, 6,097 households, and 4,578 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 6,774 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.3% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 26.7% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. 46.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.5% were of German, 5.6% English, 5.5% American and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 58.7% spoke English and 40.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,097 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.51.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,062, and the median income for a family was $40,138. Males had a median income of $32,210 versus $21,521 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,730. About 13.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

In its early history Colusa was one of the most reliable Democratic counties in California. Along with Mariposa County, it was one of only two counties in the Pacific States to support Alton B. Parker in 1904.[33] From 1892 until 1952, Colusa only went Republican during the GOP landslides of the Roaring Twenties. Since 1952, however, Colusa has become a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections, with Lyndon Johnson, in 1964, being the last Democrat to win the county.

Presidential elections results

Colusa County is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[34]

In the State Assembly, Colusa County is split between the 3rd and 4th districts, represented by Republican James Gallagher and Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry, respectively.[35] In the State Senate, the county is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen.[36]

On November 4, 2008 Colusa County voted 71.6% for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Colusa County Transit runs buses from Colusa to Williams, Arbuckle, Grimes and College City, with limited service to Maxwell.

Airports

Colusa County Airport is a general-aviation airport located near the city of Colusa.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Colusa County.[39]

+ county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 + Colusa City 5,971
2 Williams City 5,123
3 Arbuckle CDP 3,028
4 Maxwell CDP 1,103
5 Grimes CDP 391
6 Princeton CDP 303
7 College City CDP 290
8 Lodoga CDP 197
9 Stonyford CDP 149
10 Colusa Rancheria[40] AIAN 76
11 Cortina Rancheria[41] AIAN 21

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  4. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

References

  1. ^ "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Snow Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b "The Creation of Our 58 Counties". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved .
  7. ^ The Statutes of California Passed at the First Session of the Legislature (PDF). San Jose: J. Winchester, State Printer. 1850. p. 62.
  8. ^ "How Did Our 58 Counties Get Their Names?". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 88.
  10. ^ Heizer, Robert; Hester, Thomas (1970). "Names and Locations of Some Ethnographic Patwin and Maidu Indian Villages" (PDF). Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility. 9: 84.
  11. ^ a b Golla, Victor (2011). California Indian Languages. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 143. ISBN 0520266676.
  12. ^ Cook, Sherburne Friend (1976). The population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 13.
  13. ^ a b Hoffman, Ogden (1862). Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. San Francisco: Numa Hubert. pp. 37, 41.
  14. ^ Plat of the Colus Rancho. San Francisco: U.S. Surveyor General's Office. 1860.
  15. ^ Hague, Harlan (1995). Thomas O. Larkin: A Life of Patriotism and Profit in Old California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 182. ISBN 0806127333.
  16. ^ Grants of Land in California Made by Spanish or Mexican Authorities (PDF). Sacramento: California State Lands Commission. 1982. pp. 25-26.
  17. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  19. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  20. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  22. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  23. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  27. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015.
  28. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  29. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015.
  30. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  31. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved .
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  33. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 153-155 ISBN 0786422173
  34. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved 2013.
  35. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved 2013.
  36. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved 2013.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  38. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-23. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "2010 Census Interactive Population Map (Text Version) - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.
  41. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "2010 Census Interactive Population Map (Text Version) - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.

External links

Coordinates: 39°11?N 122°14?W / 39.18°N 122.24°W / 39.18; -122.24


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Colusa_County,_California
 



 



 
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