Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force
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Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force
Commander of the
Royal Canadian Air Force
Roundel of Canada.svg
Roundel of Canada
BGen Al Meinzinger.JPG
Incumbent
Al Meinzinger

since 4 May 2018
 Royal Canadian Air Force
TypeCommissioned Officer
StatusCurrently constituted
AbbreviationCRCAF
Reports toChief of the Defence Staff
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation1914
First holderErnest Lloyd Janney
DeputyCommander of 1 Canadian Air Division
WebsiteOfficial website

The Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force (French: commandant de l'Aviation royale canadienne) is the institutional head of the Royal Canadian Air Force. This appointment also includes the title Chief of the Air Force Staff and is based at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario.

History of the position

With the creation of the Canadian Aviation Corps in 1914, a provisional commander was appointed. This small and short-lived organization was dissolved in 1915 and it was not until 1918 that the Canadian Air Force came into being under the authority of its Officer Commanding. The Canadian Air Force was reconstituted in 1920 and the officer in command (Air Commodore Tylee) held the title of Air Officer Commanding. It was also from 1920 to 1922 that Air Vice-Marshal Sir Willoughby Gwatkin served as Inspector-General of the Canadian Air Force although formally command was held by Tylee. Tylee's successors, not being air officers, only held the title of Officer Commanding. In 1922, the senior Air Force post was redesignated as the Director and in 1924, when the Canadian Air Force was granted its Royal prefix, the officer appointed to command the Air Force continued to hold the title of Director.[1]

From 1932 to 1938 the title of Senior Air Officer was used. In late 1938, the Air Force became an independent service and its professional head was retitled Chief of the Air Staff, bringing the Canadian higher command arrangements and nomenclature into line with that of the British and Australian air forces. The title of Chief of the Air Staff was used throughout World War II and well into the Cold War years. However, in 1964, the post was abolished as part of a plan to integrate the Canadian Forces and authority over aviation units was no longer vested in a single post. This arrangement was eventually judged to be impractical and in 1975 the air units of the Canadian Forces were placed within Air Command under the authority of a lieutenant-general with the title Commander of Air Command. In 1997 the Commander of Air Command was re-designated the Chief of the Air Staff, a title which continued in use until 2011. In 2011 Air Command was renamed the Royal Canadian Air Force at which time the appointment was renamed to its present incarnation.[2]

Evolution of the position

Dates Title Rank(s) held Air service
1914-1915 Provisional Commander Captain Canadian Aviation Corps
1918-1920 Officer Commanding Lieutenant Colonel Canadian Air Force
(first creation)
1920-1922 Air Officer Commanding
Officer Commanding
Air Commodore
Wing Commander
Canadian Air Force
(second creation)
1922-1924 Director Wing Commander
1924-1932 Squadron Leader to Group Captain Royal Canadian Air Force
(first creation)
1932-1938 Senior Air Officer Wing Commander to Air Vice-Marshal
1938-1964 Chief of the Air Staff Air Vice-Marshal to Air Marshal
1964-1975 no single air commander not applicable no single air power organization
1975-1997 Commander Lieutenant-General Air Command
1997-2011 Chief of the Air Staff
2011- Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force and Chief of the Air Force Staff Royal Canadian Air Force
(second creation)

Appointees

The following table lists all those who have held the post of Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force or its preceding positions. Ranks and honours are as at the completion of their tenure:[1]

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office
Provisional Commander
1
E.L. Janney
Janney, E.L.Captain
E.L. Janney
(1893-1941)
191419150-1 years
Officer Commanding
1
W.A. Bishop
Bishop, W.A.Lieutenant-Colonel
W.A. Bishop
(1894-1956)
191819180 years
Air Officer Commanding
1
A.K. Tylee
Tylee, A.K.Air Commodore
A.K. Tylee
(1887-1961)
192019210-1 years
Officer Commanding
1
R.F. Redpath
Redpath, R.F.Wing Commander
R.F. Redpath
(1888-1970)
192119210 years
2
J.S. Scott
Scott, J.S.Wing Commander
J.S. Scott
(1889-1975)
192119220-1 years
Director
1
J.L. Gordon
Gordon, J.L.Wing Commander
J.L. Gordon
(1892-1940)
192219241-2 years
2
W.G. Barker
Barker, W.G.Wing Commander
W.G. Barker
(1894-1930)
192419240 years
3
J.S. Scott
Scott, J.S.Group Captain
J.S. Scott
(1889-1975)
192419283-4 years
4
L.S. Breadner
Breadner, L.S.Wing Commander
L.S. Breadner
(1894-1952)
192819323-4 years
5
A.A.L. Cuffe
Cuffe, A.A.L.Squadron Leader
A.A.L. Cuffe
(1895-1969)
193219320 years
Senior Air Officer
1
J.L. Gordon
Gordon, J.L.Group Captain
J.L. Gordon
(1892-1940)
193219330-1 years
2
G.O. Johnson
Johnson, G.O.Wing Commander
G.O. Johnson
(1896-1980)
193319330 years
3
G.M. Croil
Croil, G.M.Air Vice Marshal
G.M. Croil
(1893-1959)
193419383-4 years
Chief of the Air Staff
1
G.M. Croil
Croil, G.M.Air Vice Marshal
G.M. Croil
(1893-1959)
193819401-2 years
2
L.S. Breadner
Breadner, L.S.Air Marshal
L.S. Breadner
(1894-1952)
194019432-3 years
3
R. Leckie
Leckie, R.Air Marshal
R. Leckie
(1890-1975)
194419472-3 years
4
W.A. Curtis
Curtis, W.A.Air Marshal
W.A. Curtis
(1893-1977)
194719535-6 years
5
C.R. Slemon
Slemon, C.R.Air Marshal
C.R. Slemon
(1904-1992)
195319573-4 years
6
H.L. Campbell
Campbell, H.L.Air Marshal
H.L. Campbell
(1908-1987)
195719624-5 years
7
C.R. Dunlap
Dunlap, C.R.Air Marshal
C.R. Dunlap
(1908-2003)
196219641-2 years
Commander of Air Command
1
W.K. Carr
Carr, W.K.Lieutenant-General
W.K. Carr
(born 1923)
197519782-3 years
2
G.A. MacKenzie
MacKenzie, G.A.Lieutenant-General
G.A. MacKenzie
(1931-2012)
197819801-2 years
3
K.E. Lewis
Lewis, K.E.Lieutenant-General
K.E. Lewis
(c.1929-1992)
198019832-3 years
4
P.D. Manson
Manson, P.D.Lieutenant-General
P.D. Manson
(born 1934)
198319851-2 years
5
D.M. McNaughton
McNaughton, D.M.Lieutenant-General
D.M. McNaughton
(born 1934)
198519860-1 years
6
L.A. Ashley
Ashley, L.A.Lieutenant-General
L.A. Ashley
(born 1937)
198619881-2 years
7
F.R. Sutherland
Sutherland, F.R.Lieutenant-General
F.R. Sutherland
(born 1942)
198919911-2 years
8
D. Huddleston
Huddleston, D.Lieutenant-General
D. Huddleston
199119931-2 years
9
G.S. Clements
Clements, G.S.Lieutenant-General
G.S. Clements
(born c.1941)
199319951-2 years
10
A.M. DeQuetteville
DeQuetteville, A.M.Lieutenant-General
A.M. DeQuetteville
199519971-2 years
Chief of the Air Staff
1
D.N. Kinsman
Kinsman, D.N.Lieutenant-General
D.N. Kinsman
(born c.1945)
199720002-3 years
2
L.C. Campbell
Campbell, L.C.Lieutenant-General
L.C. Campbell
(born c.1947)
200020032-3 years
3
K.R. Pennie
Pennie, K.R.Lieutenant-General
K.R. Pennie
(born c.1949)
200320051-2 years
4
J.S. Lucas
Lucas, J.S.Lieutenant-General
J.S. Lucas
(born 1952)
200520071-2 years
5
A. Watt
Watt, A.Lieutenant-General
A. Watt
200720091-2 years
6
A. Deschamps
Deschamps, A.Lieutenant-General
A. Deschamps
200920111-2 years
Chief of the Air Force Staff and Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force
1
A. Deschamps
Deschamps, A.Lieutenant-General
A. Deschamps
201120120-1 years
2
Y. Blondin
Blondin, Y.Lieutenant-General
Y. Blondin
201220152-3 years
3
M J Hood
Hood, M.J.Lieutenant-General
M J Hood
(born 1967)
July 2015May 20182-3 years
4
A D Meinzinger
Meinzinger, A.D.Lieutenant-General
A D Meinzinger
May 2018Incumbent1-2 years

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Commanders Canada's Air Force". Royal Canadian Air Force Association. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Canadian Navy, Air Force 'Royal' Again With Official Name Change Huffington Post, 15 August 2011

References

  • Johnson, Vic. "Canada's Air Force Then and Now". Airforce magazine. Vol. 22, No. 3. 1998. ISSN 0704-6804.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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