Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
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Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

? ?
Logo
Emblem of the CPSU
Type
Type
Term limits
Various, eventually five years
Leadership
Authority
Statute of the CPSU
Jurisdiction
Meeting place
Troitskaya Tower and State Kremlin Palace.jpg
State Kremlin Palace
Moscow, Soviet Union

The Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: ?) was the supreme decision-making body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Its meetings served as convention of all party delegates and their predecessors.

Between the congresses the party was ruled by the Central Committee. Over the course of the party's history, the name was changed in accordance with the current name of the party at the time. The frequency of party congresses varied with the meetings being annual events in the 1920s while no congress was held at all between 1939 and 1952. After the death of Joseph Stalin, the congresses were held every five years.

Keys

Abbreviations
CC Central Committee
CAC Central Auditing Commission
FM Full member (a member with voting rights).
CM Candidate member (a member without voting rights).
VD Voting delegate (a delegate who can vote).
CD Alternate delegate (a delegate without voting rights).
Report CC Report and CAC Report, a document which briefs delegates about the period since the last congress and future work.
Charter Charter of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the fundamental governing document of the CPSU.
PMR Party members represented at the congress by delegates (the party membership at the time).

Convocations

Congress Duration
(start--end)
Delegates Elected CC Report
(presented by)
CAC Report
(presented by)
Charter
(amendments)
Program
(amendments)
PMR Place Location
CC CAC
1st Congress
3 days
1 March
-
3 March 1898
9 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- Minsk Russia Russian Empire
2nd Congress
25 days
1903 election
17 July
-
10 August 1903
51 VD
-
12 CD
3 FM
-
2 PM
-- -- -- Amendment 1st Program -- Brussels  Belgium
-- London  United Kingdom
3rd Congress
16 days
1905 election
12 April
-
27 April 1905
24 VD
-
14 CD
4 FM
4 AP
1 PM
-- -- -- Amendment -- --
4th Congress
16 days
1906 election
10 April
-
25 April 1906
112 VD
-
22 CD
10 FM
-
1 PM
-- -- -- Amendment -- -- Stockholm  Sweden
5th Congress
20 days
1907 election
30 April
-
19 May 1907
343 VD
-
41 CD
11 FM
21 CM
6 PM
-- R. Abramovitch
A. Bogdanov
J. Martov
-- -- -- 178,000 London  United Kingdom
6th Congress
9 days
1917 election
26 July
-
3 August 1917
157 VD
-
110 CD
21 FM
-
10 CM
-- None -- Amendment 2nd Program 177,000 Petrograd Russia Russian Republic
7th Congress
3 days
1917-1918 election
6 March
-
8 March 1918
47 VD
-
59 CD
19 FM
-
8 CM
-- V. Lenin &
Y. Sverdlov
-- -- -- 233,000  Soviet Russia
8th Congress
6 days
1918-1919 election
18 March
-
23 March 1919
301 VD
-
102 CD
19 FM
-
8 CM
3 V. Lenin -- Amendment -- 313,766 Moscow
9th Congress
8 days
1919-1920 election
29 March
-
5 April 1920
301 VD
-
102 CD
19 FM
-
12 CM
None V. Lenin -- -- -- 611,978
10th Congress
9 days
1921-1922 election
8 March
-
16 March 1921
715 VD
-
553 CD
25 FM
-
15 CM
None V. Lenin -- -- -- 732,521
11th Congress
7 days
1921-1922 election
27 March
-
2 April 1922
694 VD
-
296 CD
27 FM
-
17 CM
None V. Lenin V. Nogin -- -- 532,000  Soviet Union
12th Congress
9 days
1922-1923 election
17 April
-
25 April 1923
408 VD
-
417 CD
40 FM
-
17 CM
3 L. Kamenev V. Nogin Amendment -- 386,000
13th Congress
9 days
1923-1924 election
23 May
-
31 May 1924
748 VD
-
416 CD
53 FM
-
34 CM
3 G. Zinoviev D. Kursky -- -- 735,881 FM
-
127,741 CM
14th Congress
14 days
1925 election
18 December
-
31 December 1925
665 VD
-
641 CD
63 FM
-
43 CM
7 J. Stalin D. Kursky Amendment -- 643,000 FM
-
445,000 CM
15th Congress
18 days
1927 election
2 December
-
19 December 1927
898 VD
-
771 CD
71 FM
-
50 CM
9 J. Stalin D. Kursky Amendment -- 887,233 FM
-
348,957 CM
16th Congress
18 days
1929-1930 election
26 June
-
13 July 1930
1268 VD
-
891 CD
71 FM
-
67 CM
13 J. Stalin M. Vladimirsky -- -- 1,260,874 FM
-
711,609 CM
17th Congress
16 days
1933-1934 election
26 January
-
10 February 1934
1225 VD
-
736 CD
71 FM
-
68 CM
22 J. Stalin M. Vladimirsky Amendment -- 1,872,488 FM
-
935,298 CM
18th Congress
12 days
1938-1939 election
10 March
-
21 March 1939
1569 VD
-
466 CD
71 FM
-
13 CM
13 J. Stalin M. Vladimirsky Amendment -- 1,588,852 FM
-
888,814 CM
19th Congress
10 days
1951-1952 election
5 October
-
14 October 1952
1192 VD
-
167 CD
125 FM
-
111 CM
37 G. Malenkov P. Moskatov Amendment -- 6,000,000 FM
-
900,000 CM
20th Congress
12 days
1955-1956 election
14 February
-
25 February 1956
1349 VD
-
81 CD
133 FM
-
122 CM
63 N. Khrushchev P. Moskatov Amendment -- 6,795,896 FM
-
419,609 CM
21st Congress
10 days
None
27 January
-
5 February 1959
1261 VD
-
106 CD
None None N. Khrushchev -- -- -- 7,622,356 FM
-
616,775 CM
22nd Congress
15 days
1960-1961 election
17 October
-
31 October 1961
4394 VD
-
405 CD
175 FM
-
155 CM
65 N. Khrushchev A. Gorkin Amendment 3rd Program 8,872,516 FM
-
843,489 CM
23rd Congress
11 days
1965-1966 election
29 March
-
8 April 1966
4619 VD
-
323 CD
195 FM
-
165 CM
79 L. Brezhnev N. Muravyova Amendment Amendment 11,673,676 FM
-
797,403 CM
24th Congress
11 days
1970-1971 election
30 March
-
9 April 1971
4740 VD
-
223 CD
245 FM
-
155 CM
81 L. Brezhnev G. Sizov -- -- 13,810,089 FM
-
645,232 CM
25th Congress
10 days
1975-1976 election
24 February
-
5 March 1976
4998 287 FM
-
139 CM
85 L. Brezhnev G. Sizov -- -- 15,365,600 FM
-
628,876 CM
26th Congress
9 days
1980-1981 election
23 February
-
3 March 1981
4994 319 FM
-
151 CM
75 L. Brezhnev G. Sizov -- -- 16,732,408 FM
-
698,005 CM
27th Congress
10 days
1985-1986 election
25 February
-
6 March 1986
4993 307 FM
-
170 CM
83 M. Gorbachev G. Sizov Amendment Amendment 18,975,725 FM
-
512,097 CM
28th Congress
12 days
1990-1991 election
2 July
-
13 July 1990
4683 412 -- M. Gorbachev -- Amendment Failed to
approve program
18,856,113 FM
-
372,104 CM

See also

References

General

Information on congresses, number of delegates, number of people elected to CCs, party membership, the individual who presented the Political Report and information on when the congress was convened can be found in these sources:

  • " ?" [Members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union] (in Russian). sovtime.ru. Retrieved 2017.

Bibliography

Articles and journals:

Specific


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Congress_of_the_Communist_Party_of_the_Soviet_Union
 



 



 
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