Congressional Progressive Caucus
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Congressional Progressive Caucus
Congressional
Progressive Caucus
Co-ChairsMark Pocan
Pramila Jayapal
First Vice ChairRo Khanna
WhipIlhan Omar
Vice ChairsSheila Jackson Lee, Joe Neguse, Veronica Escobar, Ruben Gallego, Mark Takano, Debbie Dingell, David Cicilline, Donald Norcross, Jan Schakowsky
Founded1991; 29 years ago (1991)
Ideology
Political positionCenter to Center-left[4][5]
National affiliationDemocratic Party
Colors    Blue, gold
Seats in the Senate
Seats in House Democratic Caucus
Seats in the House
Website
progressives.house.gov

The Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC) is a congressional caucus affiliated with the Democratic Party in the United States Congress.[6] The CPC represents the most left-leaning, progressive faction of the Democratic Party.[7][8] It was founded in 1991 and has generally grown since then.

Midway through the 116th United States Congress, the CPC had 97 members, making it the second largest ideological caucus in the Democratic Party and the third largest ideological caucus overall. The CPC is co-chaired by U.S. Representatives Mark Pocan (D-WI) and Pramila Jayapal (D-WA).

History

The CPC was established in 1991 by U.S. Representatives Ron Dellums (D-CA), Lane Evans (D-IL), Thomas Andrews (D-ME), Peter DeFazio (D-OR), Maxine Waters (D-CA) and Bernie Sanders (I-VT). Additional Representatives joined soon thereafter, including Major Owens (D-NY), Nydia Velázquez (D-NY), David Bonior (D-MI), Bob Filner (D-CA), Barney Frank (D-MA), Maurice Hinchey (D-NY), Jim McDermott (D-WA), Jerry Nadler (D-NY), Patsy Mink (D-HI), George Miller (D-CA), Pete Stark (D-CA), John Olver (D-MA), Lynn Woolsey (D-CA) and Nancy Pelosi (D-CA). Sanders was the first CPC Chairman.[9]

The founding CPC members were concerned about the economic hardship imposed by the deepening recession and the growing inequality brought about by the timidity of the Democratic Party response in the early 1990s. On January 3, 1995, at a standing room only news conference on Capitol Hill, they were the first group inside Congress to chart a comprehensive legislative alternative to U.S. Speaker Newt Gingrich and the Republican Contract with America. The CPC's ambitious agenda was framed as "The Progressive Promise: Fairness."[10]

Budget proposal for 2012

In April 2011, the Congressional Progressive Caucus released a proposed "People's Budget" for fiscal year 2012.[11] Two of its proponents stated: "By implementing a fair tax code, by building a resilient American economy, and by bringing our troops home, we achieve a budget surplus of over $30 billion by 2021 and we end up with a debt that is less than 65% of our GDP. This is what sustainability looks like".[12]

Electoral results

Election year Senate House of Representatives
Overall seats Democratic seats Independent seats ± Overall seats Democratic seats ±
2008[13]
2010
--
-6
2012
-1
-9
2014
--
--
2016
--
+10
2018
--
+17
2020
--
+1

Ideology

The CPC advocates "universal access to affordable, high quality healthcare" (universal healthcare or single-payer healthcare),[clarification needed]fair trade agreements, living wage laws, the right of all workers to organize into labor unions and engage in collective bargaining, ending certain provisions of the Patriot Act, U.S. participation in international treaties, responsible reductions in military expenditure, strict campaign finance reform laws, a crackdown on corporate influence, and protection of Social Security benefits.[14]

List of Chairs

Term start Term end Chair(s)
1991 1999
Rep. Bernie Sanders (VT)
1999 2003
Rep. Dennis Kucinich (OH)
2003 2005
Rep. Peter DeFazio (OR)
2005 2009 Rep. Barbara Lee (CA) Rep. Lynn Woolsey (CA)
2009 2011 Rep. Raúl Grijalva (AZ)
2011 2017 Rep. Keith Ellison (MN)
2017 2019 Rep. Mark Pocan (WI)
2019 present Rep. Pramila Jayapal (WA)

Membership

All members are Democrats or caucus with the Democratic Party. In the 116th Congress, there are 97 declared Progressives, including 95 voting Representatives, one non-voting Delegate and one Senator.[15]

Congressional Progressive Caucus from the United States House of Representatives in the 116th United States Congress
Chairman Mark Pocan
Chairwoman Pramila Jayapal

Senate members

House members

Arizona

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kentucky

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Nevada

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

Tennessee

Texas

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

Wisconsin

Non-voting

Future Members

Former members

See also

References

  1. ^ "What is CPC?". Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ "Ellison Offers Progressive View Of Debt Deal". NPR. August 1, 2011. Retrieved 2017. Congressional Progressive Caucus -- the liberal wing of the Democratic Party in the House
  3. ^ Raza, Syed Ali (2012), Social Democratic System, Global Peace Trust, p. 91
  4. ^ https://www.leftvoice.org/ilhan-omar-calls-margaret-thatcher-inspirational
  5. ^ Cunningham, Vinson (February 19, 2017). "Will Keith Ellison Move the Democrats Left?". The New Yorker. Condé Nast. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "Congressional Progressive Caucus: Caucus Members". house.gov.
  7. ^ Hardisty, Jean (2000). Mobilizing Resentment: Conservative Resurgence From The John Birch Society To The Promise Keepers. Boston, MA.: Beacon Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0807043172.
  8. ^ "Two congressmen endorse Carl Sciortino in race to replace Markey in Congress". Boston.com. September 13, 2013. Retrieved 2014. "[T]he Congressional Progressive Caucus, the umbrella group for left-leaning Democratic members of Congress".
  9. ^ Talbot, Margaret. "The Populist Prophet". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ Brodey, Sam. "How Keith Ellison made the Congressional Progressive Caucus into a political force that matters". MinnPost. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "The People's Budget" (PDF). Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 2011.
  12. ^ Honda, Michael; Grijalva, Raul (April 11, 2011), "The only real Democratic budget", The Hill, retrieved 2018
  13. ^ Emily, Peckenham (November 8, 2008). "The 111th Congress: A Democratic Tidal Wave" (PDF).
  14. ^ "The Progressive Promise". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "Congressional Progressive Caucus: Caucus Members". cpc-grijalva.house.gov/caucus-members/ (Retrieved:February 23, 2019)
  16. ^ "Congressional Progressive Caucus".

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Congressional_Progressive_Caucus
 



 



 
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