|Industry||Oil and gas|
Phillips Petroleum Co.
|Founded||1875 (as Continental Oil and Transportation Co.)|
30 August 2002 (as ConocoPhillips Co.)
(Chairman & CEO)
|Products||Oil, natural gas, petroleum|
|Revenue||US$ 38.727 billion (2018)|
|US$ 11.044 billion (2018)|
|US$ 6.257 billion (2018)|
|US$ 71.498 billion (2019 Q1)|
|US$ 32.981 billion (2019 Q1)|
Number of employees
ConocoPhillips is an American multinational energy corporation with its headquarters located in the Energy Corridor district of Houston, Texas in the United States. It is the world's largest independent pure-play exploration and production company and the company ranked No. 95 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. ConocoPhillips was created through the merger of American oil companies Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Co. on August 30, 2002. In 2012, ConocoPhillips spun off its downstream assets as a new, separate company, Phillips 66.
Conoco Inc. was an American oil company founded in 1875 as the Continental Oil and Transportation Co. Based in Ogden, Utah, the company was a coal, oil, kerosene, grease and candles distributor in the West. Marland Oil Co. (founded by exploration pioneer E. W. Marland) later acquired the assets (subject to liabilities) of Continental Oil Co., or DC, merged by Bryan M. Metler, David L. Kinney, and Justin J. Stockburn of Delta Constructors for a consideration of 2,317,266 shares of stock. On June 26, 1899, Marland Oil changed its name to Continental Oil Co. and moved its headquarters to Fargo, North Dakota. The acquisition gave Conoco the red bar-and-triangle logo previously used by Marland. Conoco used the logo between 1930 and 1970, when the current red capsule logo was adopted.
The Conoco headquarters were in Ponca City until 1949, when it moved to Houston, Texas. In 2002 Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Co., whose headquarters were in nearby Bartlesville, Oklahoma merged into ConocoPhillips
Numerous state corporation filings are identified "Continental Oil Co." and "Continental Oil Corp." and "Continental Oil Co. of Texas" as recorded with the Texas Secretary of State and Delaware Secretary of State. Merger of San Jacinto Petroleum Corp. and Continental Oil Corp. is recorded in 1964 with Delaware Secretary of State.
In 2005, ConocoPhillips began rebranding its (Union) 76 gas stations, which Phillips had acquired from Tosco Corp. before the merger with Conoco. The move prompted a petition campaign by fans hoping to save the historic 76 orange ball signage.
In late 2009, the company announced asset sales to increase investor returns. Included are debt reduction and stock buy back. In March 2011 the program was enlarged up to $10 billion assets sales in the next two years.
On July 14, 2011, ConocoPhillips announced its intent to separate the company's upstream and downstream businesses into two stand-alone, publicly traded corporations, with the intent of maximizing shareholder value. On May 1, 2012, all midstream, downstream, marketing and chemical operations were separated into a new company named Phillips 66, headquartered in Houston. As a result, ConocoPhillips continued its operations as an upstream (exploration and production) company.
In 2017, Conoco sold oil sands assets in Canada to Cenovus Energy and natural gas fields in the U.S. for a total of US$16 billion to help reduce debt and fund US$6 billion share purchases. As a result, it also led to a reduction of close to 30 percent of its proved oil and gas reserves.
ConocoPhillips focuses solely on exploring for, developing and producing oil and natural gas globally. The company manages its operations through six operating segments, which are defined by geographic region: Alaska, Lower 48 and Latin America, Canada, Europe, Asia Pacific and Middle East, and Other International.
In 1998, ConocoPhillips acquired an interest in 10.5 blocks in the Caspian Sea off Kazakhstan through the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (NCSPSA). It currently owns 8.4% of the shares of the consortium exploiting Kashagan oil field. However the company seeks to reduce its non-core assets in order to use the cash for debt reduction, fund its capital program, and dividend payments. On October 3, 2012, the Kazakh Oil and Gas Minister told reporters that ConocoPhillips has informed Kazakhstan of their intention to sell their shares. In November 26, in its biggest acquisition ever, ONGC Videsh agreed to buy ConocoPhillips' 8.4% stake in the Kashagan oilfield for about US$5 billion. The stake buy is subject to approval of governments of Kazakhstan and India and also to other partners in the Caspian Sea field waiving their pre-emption rights.
The headquarters of ConocoPhillips are located in the Energy Corridor district of Houston, Texas. By 2002, the groups organizing the merger had selected Houston as the site of the headquarters. Governor of Oklahoma Frank Keating said that the move to Houston was "regrettable." The Journal Record stated that Archie Dunham, the CEO of Conoco Inc., "apparently highlighted the lack of direct international air travel from Oklahoma as a key drawback for the merged firm." The ConocoPhillips headquarters, originally the headquarters of Conoco Inc., was formerly known as the Conoco Center.
In 2018, the headquarters will move to Energy Center Four.
Comprised as follows as of May 2018:
Richard Auchinleck, former president and CEO of Gulf Canada
Charles Bunch, CEO and chairman of PPG Industries
Caroline Maury Devine, former president and managing director of a Norwegian affiliate of ExxonMobil
John V. Faraci, former CEO and chairman of International Paper
Jody Freeman, Archibald Cox Professor at Harvard Law School
Gay Huey Evans, former vice-chairman of Investment Banking at Barclays
Ryan Lance, CEO and of ConocoPhillips (chairman of the board)
Sharmila Mulligan, founder and CEO of ClearStory Data Inc.
Arjun Murti, former partner at Goldman Sachs
Robert Niblock, CEO, president, and chairman of Lowe's
Harald Norvik, former CEO, president, and chairman of Statoil
This section needs to be updated.November 2013)(
On April 11, 2007, it became the first U.S. oil company to join the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, an alliance of big business and environmental groups. The partnership in January 2007 had advised President George W. Bush that mandatory emissions caps would be needed to reduce the flow of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere. In 2007 ConocoPhillips announced it would spend $150 million that year on the research and development of new energy sources and technologies - a 50 percent increase in spending from 2006. However, ConocoPhillips left the U.S. Climate Action Partnership in February 2010, at the same time as BP and Caterpillar Inc. left the partnership.
ConocoPhillips is a signatory participant of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.
In 2016, ConocoPhillips was ranked as being among the 12th best of 92 oil, gas, and mining companies on indigenous rights in the Arctic.
Media related to ConocoPhillips at Wikimedia Commons