Conservative liberalism is a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies with conservative stances, or simply representing the right wing of the liberal movement. It is a more  positive and less radical variant of classical liberalism. 
Conservative liberal parties tend to combine liberal policies with more
traditional stances and personal beliefs on social and ethical issues. 
Neoconservatism has also been identified as an ideological relative or twin to conservative liberalism, and some similarities exist also between conservative liberalism and  national liberalism.
According to Robert Kraynak, a professor at
Colgate University, rather than "following progressive liberalism (i.e. social liberalism), conservative liberals draw upon pre-modern sources, such as classical philosophy (with its ideas of virtue, the common good, and natural rights), Christianity (with its ideas of natural law, the social nature of man, and original sin), and ancient institutions (such as common law, corporate bodies, and social hierarchies). This gives their liberalism a conservative foundation. It means following Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Edmund Burke rather than Locke or Kant; it usually includes a deep sympathy for the politics of the Greek , the polis Roman Republic, and Christian monarchies. But, as realists, conservative liberals acknowledge that classical and medieval politics cannot be restored in the modern world. And, as moralists, they see that the modern experiment in liberty and self-government has the positive effect of enhancing human dignity as well as providing an opening (even in the midst of mass culture) for transcendent longings for eternity. At its practical best, conservative liberalism promotes ordered liberty under God and establishes constitutional safeguards against tyranny. It shows that a regime of liberty based on traditional morality and classical-Christian culture is an achievement we can be proud of, rather than merely defensive about, as trustees of Western civilization". 
In the European context, conservative liberalism should not be confused with
liberal conservatism which is a variant of conservatism combining conservative views with liberal policies in regards to the economy, social and ethical issues. The roots of conservative liberalism are to be found at the beginning of the  history of liberalism. Until the two world wars, the political class in most European countries from Germany to Italy was formed by conservative liberals. The events such as World War I occurring after 1917 brought the more radical version of classical liberalism to a more conservative (i.e. more moderate) type of liberalism. Conservative liberal parties have tended to develop in those European countries where there was no strong secular  conservative party and where the separation of church and state was less of an issue. In those countries, where the conservative parties were Christian democratic, this conservative brand of liberalism developed.   Comparisons to neoconservatism
In the United States,
neoconservatives might be classified as conservative liberals, according to Peter Lawler, a professor at Berry College, who argued:
[I]n America today, responsible liberals--who are usually called neoconservatives--see that liberalism depends on human beings who are somewhat child-centered, patriotic, and religious. These responsible liberals praise these non-individualistic human propensities in an effort to shore up liberalism. One of their slogans is 'conservative sociology with liberal politics.' The neoconservatives recognize that the politics of free and rational individuals depends upon a pre-political social world that is far from free and rational as a whole.
In the American context, conservative liberalism as well as liberal conservatism should not be confused with
libertarian conservatism, influenced by right-libertarianism.
Conservative liberal parties worldwide
Conservative liberal parties or parties with conservative liberal factions
Union of the Democratic Centre  Australia:
Liberal Party of Australia  Belarus:
United Civic Party of Belarus Belgium:
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats,   Reformist Movement,   New Flemish Alliance, Libertarian, Direct, Democratic,  People's Party  Brazil:
Progressive Party,  Social Democratic Party, Liberal Party Bulgaria:
National Movement for Stability and Progress  Canada:
British Columbia Liberal Party, Quebec Liberal Party, Saskatchewan Party Croatia:
Croatian Social Liberal Party  Czech Republic:
ANO 2011,  Civic Democratic Party,    TOP 09  Denmark:
Venstre-Liberal Party of Denmark     Estonia:
Estonian Reform Party  El Salvador:
Nuevas Ideas, GANA Faroe Islands:
Union Party,  People's Party  Finland:
National Coalition Party, Centre Party France:
The Republicans, Agir Germany:
Free Democratic Party    Greece:
New Democracy  Greenland:
Feeling of Community  Iceland:
Independence Party Israel:
Likud,   Telem, New Hope  Italy:
Forza Italia  Japan:
Liberal Democratic Party (factions),   Democratic Party for the People  Latvia:
Liberal Movement, Freedom and Justice Luxembourg:
Democratic Party  Moldova:
Liberal Party,   Liberal Reformist Party Netherlands:
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy        New Zealand:
New Zealand National Party Norway:
Progress Party   Philippines:
Liberal Party Poland:
Civic Platform    Portugal:
Social Democratic Party  Romania:
National Liberal Party  Slovakia:
Freedom and Solidarity For the People Slovenia:
Slovenian Democratic Party  South Africa:
Cape Party, Democratic Alliance South Korea:
Minsaeng Party, Party of Nationals, Democratic Party of Korea (factions)   Spain:
People's Party,  Catalan European Democratic Party, Basque Nationalist Party Switzerland:
FDP.The Liberals   Sweden:
Liberals  Thailand:
Democrat Party  United Kingdom:
Conservative Party United States: Republican Party (factions) 
Historical conservative liberal parties or parties with conservative liberal factions
Constitutional Party, Federation of Independents, Freedom Party of Austria  Belarus:
Belarusian Peasant Party  Brazil:
National Democratic Union Czech Republic:
Civic Democratic Alliance,   Public Affairs  El Salvador:
National Coalition Party France:
Union for the New Republic/ Union of Democrats for the Republic/ Rally for the Republic,  Independent Republicans/ Republican Party/ Liberal Democracy,  Union for French Democracy Republican Party,  Union for a Popular Movement Germany:
German People's Party   Iceland:
Liberal Party (1927), Liberal Party (1998)  Ireland:
Progressive Democrats  Israel:
General Zionists, Liberal Party Italy:
Italian Liberal Party,   Italian Liberal Right, Forza Italia,  Civic Choice  Latvia:
Latvian Way,  Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way  Lithuania:
National Resurrection Party, Liberal and Centre Union  Mexico:
Liberal Party Netherlands:
Liberal State Party, Party of Freedom  New Zealand:
United Party  Norway:
Frisinnede Venstre  Poland:
Liberty, League of the Right of the Republic,  Liberal Democratic Congress,  Poland Together  Romania:
Democratic Liberal Party, Liberal Reformist Party Serbia:
Serbian Progressive Party  Slovakia:
Democratic Party  South Korea:
Korea Democratic Party, Democratic Nationalist Party, Democratic Party (1955), New Democratic Party, Reunification Democratic Party, Democratic Party (1990), United Democratic Party (1995), Party for Democracy and Peace,  New Alternatives Spain:
Liberal Party, Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Switzerland:
Free Democratic Party,  Liberal Party   Turkey:
Justice and Development Party    United Kingdom:
Liberal Unionist Party, National Liberal Party United States: Whig Party
See also People
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