Constitutional Convention (political Meeting)
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Constitutional Convention Political Meeting
A constitutional convention is a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution.
Members of a constitutional convention (sometimes referred to as "delegates" to a constitutional convention) are often, though not necessarily or entirely, elected by popular vote. However, a wholly popularly-elected constitutional convention can also be referred to as a constituent assembly.
Examples of constitutional conventions to form or revise the constitution of a nation include:
Smaller Administrative Units
Constitutional conventions have also been used by constituent states of federations -- such as the individual states of the United States -- to create, replace, or revise their own constitutions. Several U.S. states have held multiple conventions over the years to change their particular state's constitutions.
- Missouri has held four, in 1820, 1865, 1875 and 1945.
- Michigan has held four, in 1835, 1850, 1908 and 1963.
- Massachusetts has held six, in 1778, 1779-80, 1820-21, 1853, 1917-18, and most recently 2016.
- Virginia Conventions have included six unlimited meetings. Constitutions were promulgated by fiat in 1776, 1864 and 1901-02, and ratified by referendum in 1829-30, 1850, and 1868. Limited Conventions and Constitutional Commissions resulting in revisions were held in 1927, 1945, 1956 and 1968. Subsequently the state legislature proposes amendments that are ratified in popular referendum.