Consular Missions in Hong Kong
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Consular Missions in Hong Kong

Consulates-general of Argentina, Canada and Japan in Hong Kong are located at Exchange Square
Star House is home to the Consulate General of Cambodia

There are 123 diplomatic missions in Hong Kong, of which 62 are Consulates-General and 61 are Consulates (including those represented by Honorary Consuls, and six officially recognised bodies in Hong Kong.[1]

Most of the Consulates-General are located in the areas of Central, Admiralty, Wan Chai, Wan Chai North, Causeway Bay and Sheung Wan within Victoria City. Only two are located in Kowloon (Cambodia and Nepal), in the areas of Tsim Sha Tsui and Tsim Sha Tsui East respectively.

Of these, 55 Consulates-General and seven Honorary Consulates are also accredited to Macau. There are 10 Honorary Consulates in Macau, of which two are subordinate to the Consulates-General in Hong Kong.[2]

Special status of Hong Kong

Due to Hong Kong's status as a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, some Consuls-General in Hong Kong have the rank of Ambassador, such as those of:

Other Consuls-General have served elsewhere as Ambassadors or High Commissioners before serving in Hong Kong, e.g.,

In addition, the current Head of the Office of the European Union also served as Ambassador to Malaysia.[10]

Another feature of some Consuls-General in Hong Kong is that they report directly to their respective foreign ministries, rather than to their Embassies in Beijing, such as those of the following countries:

Various consulates general are accredited to both Hong Kong and Macau. Angola and the Philippines operate consulates in both territories, and Portugal serves Hong Kong through its Macau consulate. Several consulates serving both Hong Kong and Macau indicate both territories in their official names, while others do not. In 2018 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China requested that consulates indicate only one of the territories in their official names even if they serve both territories; it did not send this request to the European Union Office to Hong Kong and Macao.[14]

History

When Hong Kong was under British rule, the Governor represented the British government, as well as the British monarch as head of state. Matters relating to British nationality were handled by the Hong Kong Immigration Department.[15]

However, the United Kingdom's commercial interests were represented by the British Trade Commission.[16] The last Senior Trade Commissioner, Francis Cornish, became the first British Consul-General following the transfer of sovereignty to China, on July 1, 1997.[17]

During the negotiations between Britain and China on the future of Hong Kong, the British proposed the establishment of a "British Commissioner" following the transfer of sovereignty to China, which the Chinese rejected as an attempt to make the future Hong Kong Special Administrative Region into a member or associated member of the Commonwealth.[18]

As Hong Kong was a Colony (later Dependent Territory) of a Commonwealth country, some Commonwealth countries were represented by Commissions before the handover including:

After the transfer of sovereignty, they were renamed Consulates-General.[27] Similarly, the title of the head of mission was also changed, from Commissioner to Consul-General.[28] However, the Australian Commission had been renamed the Consulate-General in 1986.[29]

Although South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth in 1994, and its Embassies in Commonwealth countries were renamed High Commissions, the name of the South African Consulate General in Hong Kong remained unchanged.[30] Similarly, while Pakistan had rejoined the Commonwealth in 1989, the name of the Pakistan Consulate General in Hong Hong also remained unchanged.[31]

At the time of the transfer of sovereignty, South Africa did not have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, as it had not yet transferred recognition from Taiwan.[32] However, it was able to maintain its Consulate-General for an interim six-month period, until relations with Beijing were established on January 1, 1998.[33]

Other countries which had chosen to maintain diplomatic relations with Taipei closed their consulates in Hong Kong prior to the transfer of sovereignty, such as Paraguay, which closed its consulate on May 11, 1997.[34] Earlier, it had considered relocating to Macau, which was then still under Portuguese administration.[35] The Central African Republic, Costa Rica, and the Dominican Republic also closed their consulates, while Liberia, with which China had broken off diplomatic relations in September 1997, was forced to close its consulate a month later.[36] However, it later restored diplomatic relations with Beijing in 2003.[37]

As a result of the transfer of sovereignty, North Korea, which had not been allowed to establish a trade mission in Hong Kong during British rule, was able to open a Consulate-General in February 2000.[38] Similarly, Iran was also able to re-establish its Consulate-General, giving rise to concerns that the country could gain access to arms smuggled through Hong Kong, a free port.[39] This had been closed by the British Government in 1989 following the Rushdie Affair.[40]

Bhutan, which did not have diplomatic relations with either Beijing or Taipei at the time of the transfer of sovereignty, was able to maintain an honorary consulate in Hong Kong, accredited to Macau.[41]

Consular posts

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V

Y
Z

*. Also accredited to Macau.
?. Honorary Consulates.

Missions of recognised bodies

*. Also accredited to Macau.

Former missions

Norway maintained a Consulate General until 2003, and Honorary Consulate until 2004[150][151] but reopened its Consulate in 2008.[152]

The following countries, which recognise Taiwan as the Republic of China, previously had consulates in Hong Kong before 1997.

The following countries, which no longer have diplomatic relations with Taiwan, previously had consulates in Hong Kong under British rule:

Countries without missions

The following countries, which have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, do not presently have representation in Hong Kong, but have proposed establishing consulates:

The following countries, which have diplomatic relations with Taiwan, do not have consulates in Hong Kong:

Relations with Mainland China

The Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative office of the central government of the People's Republic of China in Hong Kong. It was established in May 1947 as Xinhua News Agency and renamed on 18 January 2000.

Relations with Taiwan

The Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, previously named Chung Hwa Travel Service, is a de facto mission of the Republic of China in Hong Kong.[168] The relationship between the two entities is managed through the Hong Kong-Taiwan Economic and Cultural Co-operation and Promotion Council (ECCPC) and Taiwan-Hong Kong Economic and Cultural Co-operation Council (ECCC).

See also

References

  1. ^ Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  2. ^ Macao Government Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Chief Secretary for Administration's speech at HKTDC luncheon in Brazil, Hong Kong Government, May 22, 2000
  4. ^ Consulate-General of Japan
  5. ^ "Consulate General of the Philippines". Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Clifford A. Hart - Consul General to Hong Kong and Macau
  7. ^ Consul-General Archived February 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Australian Consulate-General, Hong Kong and Macau
  8. ^ German Consulate General, Hong Kong Curriculum Vitae, Nikolaus Graf Lambsdorff Archived January 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine [1] [2] Archived August 6, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ The Consul General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, State of Israel
  10. ^ New Head of Office, Office of the European Union to Hong Kong and Macao, 26 September 2012
  11. ^ "Inspection of The Canadian Consulate General Hong Kong". Archived from the original on October 5, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ The UK's relations with Hong Kong: 30 years after the Joint Declaration, Tenth Report of Session 2014-15, Foreign Affairs Select Committee, House of Commons, 6 Mar 2015, page 16 PDF
  13. ^ Christopher J. Marut Appointed as Director of the Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, American Institute in Taiwan, May 8, 2012
  14. ^ Cheng, Kris (August 2, 2018). "China asks consulates in Hong Kong to remove 'Macau' from their official names". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Hong Kong's New Constitutional Order: The Resumption of Chinese Sovereignty and the Basic Law, Yash Ghai, Hong Kong University Press, 1997, page 167
  16. ^ Hunting with the Tigers: Doing Business with Hong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam, Claudia Cragg, Pfeiffer & Company, 1993, page 417
  17. ^ Chief Executive holds 'useful, cordial' talks with British Prime Minister, Government of Hong Kong, October 22, 1997
  18. ^ The Chinese government resumed exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China
  19. ^ Australian Commission Office Requirements, Sydney Morning Herald, August 18, 1982
  20. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1988, page 797
  21. ^ 2 China Dissidents Granted Asylum, Fly to Vancouver, Los Angeles Times, September 17, 1992
  22. ^ NZer's credibility under fire in Hong Kong court, New Zealand Herald, March 27, 2006
  23. ^ Indians in Limbo as 1997 Hand-over Date Draws Nearer, Inter Press Service, February 12, 1996
  24. ^ Officials puzzled by Malaysian decision, New Straits Times, July 3, 1984
  25. ^ Asia, Inc: The Region's Business Magazine, Volume 4, Manager International Company, 1996
  26. ^ Singapore Lure Stirs Crowds In Hong Kong, Chicago Tribune, July 12, 1989
  27. ^ About the Consulate-General
  28. ^ In the swing of things Archived October 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Embassy Magazine, September 2010
  29. ^ Australian Foreign Affairs Record, Volume 56, Issues 7-12, Australian Government Public Service, 1985, page 1153
  30. ^ a b c HONG KONG: Consulates Face Deadline Dilemma Over Taiwan Links, IPS News, Oct 31 1996
  31. ^ Pakistan & Gulf Economist, Volume 14, Issues 1-13, S. Akhtar Ali, 1995
  32. ^ Taiwan loses a major ally, BBC News, December 30, 1997
  33. ^ Statement on Future South Africa/Hong Kong Relations by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Aziz Pahad, June 12, 1997
  34. ^ a b c Summary of World Broadcasts: Asia, Pacific, Issues 2907-2919, BBC, 1997, page 5196
  35. ^ Summary of World Broadcasts: Asia, Pacific, Issues 2907-2919, BBC, 1996, page E-8
  36. ^ a b Liberian consulate forced to close, South China Morning Post, 10 Oct 1997
  37. ^ China, Liberia resume diplomatic ties, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China
  38. ^ North Korea's Macau-based trading venture opens its doors to deny reports of espionage and shady deals, South China Morning Post, 3 September 2000
  39. ^ Iran: The Failure of Economic Incentives and Disincentives, Gitty M. Amini, in The New Great Power Coalition: Toward a World Concert of Nations, Richard N. Rosecrance Rowman & Littlefield, 2001, page 149
  40. ^ The Rushdie File, Lisa Appignanesi, Sara Maitland Syracuse University Press, 1990, page 120
  41. ^ Bhutan: Cautiously Cultivated Positive Perception, Caroline Brassard in A Resurgent China: South Asian Perspectives, S. D. Muni, Tan Tai Yong, page 74
  42. ^ Albania - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  43. ^ "Consulate General of the Republic of Angola in Hong Kong". Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  44. ^ Consulado General de la Republica Argentina en Hong Kong
  45. ^ Australian Consulate-General Hong Kong
  46. ^ Österreichische Generalkonsulat Hongkong
  47. ^ Honorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Bahrain in HKSAR
  48. ^ Consulate General of Bangladesh, Hong Kong
  49. ^ Barbados - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  50. ^ Consulate-General of Belgium in Hong Kong and Macau
  51. ^ Bhutan - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  52. ^ China and Bhutan Hold 23rd Round of Talks on Boundary Issue, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, People's Republic of China, August 27, 2015
  53. ^ Botswana - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  54. ^ Consulado Geral do Brasil em Hong Kong
  55. ^ Brunei Darussalam - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  56. ^ Burundi - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  57. ^ Royal Consulate General of Cambodia, Hong Kong, P.R China
  58. ^ Consulate General of Canada in Hong Kong and Macao
  59. ^ Consulado General de Chile en Hong Kong
  60. ^ Consulado de Colombia en Hong Kong
  61. ^ "Honorary Consul of the Republic of Cyprus at Hong Kong". Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  62. ^ Consulate General of the Czech Republic in Hong Kong
  63. ^ Djibouti - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  64. ^ Consulate General of the Arab Republic of Egypt to Hong Kong Archived April 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  65. ^ Equatorial Guinea - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  66. ^ Eritrea - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  67. ^ Estonian Honorary Consul in Hong Kong, Estonian Embassy in China
  68. ^ Ethiopia - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  69. ^ Fiji - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  70. ^ Consulate General of Finland in Hong Kong
  71. ^ Consulat Général de France à Hong Kong et Macao
  72. ^ German Consulate General, Hong Kong
  73. ^ Consulate General in Hong Kong - Hellenic Republic
  74. ^ Grenada Honorary Consulate in Hong Kong
  75. ^ Consulate General of Hungary in Hong Kong and Macao Archived April 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  76. ^ Consulate General of India in Hong Kong
  77. ^ Konsulat Jenderal Republik Indonesia di Hong Kong
  78. ^ Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Hong Kong
  79. ^ Irish Consulate General Hong Kong
  80. ^ Consulate General of Israel in Hong Kong and Macau
  81. ^ Consolato generale d'Italia a Hong Kong
  82. ^ Consulate-General of Japan in Hong Kong
  83. ^ The Honorary Consulate of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Hong Kong SAR
  84. ^ Consulate General of the Republic of Kazakhstan in Hong Kong and Macau Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  85. ^ Kenya - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  86. ^ Democratic People's Republic of Korea - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  87. ^ "Consulate General of the Republic of Korea in Hong Kong". Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  88. ^ "Consulate of Kuwait - Hong Kong". Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  89. ^ Consulate General of the Lao PDR
  90. ^ Honorary Consuls - Embassy of the Republic of Latvia in the People's Republic of China
  91. ^ Lesotho - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  92. ^ Liechtenstein - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  93. ^ Lithuania - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  94. ^ "Madagascar - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives". Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  95. ^ "Consulate General of Malaysia in Hong Kong". Archived from the original on September 6, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  96. ^ Consulate of Maldives in Hong Kong
  97. ^ Mauritius - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  98. ^ Consulate General of Mexico in Hong Kong and Macao
  99. ^ Micronesia - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  100. ^ Monaco - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  101. ^ Mongolia - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  102. ^ Mozambique - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  103. ^ Consulate of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Hong Kong and Macau SAR
  104. ^ Namibia - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  105. ^ Consulate General of Nepal, Hong Kong Archived April 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  106. ^ "Netherlands Consulate General in Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR China". Archived from the original on June 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  107. ^ New Zealand Consulate-General, Wanchai, Hong Kong
  108. ^ Niger - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  109. ^ Consulate General of Nigeria Hong Kong
  110. ^ Royal Norwegian Consulate in Hong Kong
  111. ^ Oman - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  112. ^ Consulate General of Pakistan in Hong Kong
  113. ^ Consul de Perú en Hong Kong Archived November 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  114. ^ "Philippine Consulate General in Hong Kong SAR". Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  115. ^ Konsulat Generalny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej w Hongkongu Archived April 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  116. ^ Consulate General of The State of Qatar in Hong Kong
  117. ^ CONSULATUL GENERAL AL ROMÂNIEI în R.A.S. Hong Kong ?i R.A.S Macao
  118. ^ Consulate General of the Russian Federation in the Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR, PRC
  119. ^ Samoa - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  120. ^ San Marino - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  121. ^ Royal Consulate General of Saudi Arabia
  122. ^ Consulate of the Republic of Seychelles in Hong Kong & Macau
  123. ^ Consulate-General of the Republic of Singapore in Hong Kong
  124. ^ South African Consulate-General
  125. ^ Consulate General of Spain in Hong Kong
  126. ^ "Consulate General of Sweden in Hong Kong and Macau". Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  127. ^ Consulate General of Switzerland in Hong Kong
  128. ^ Royal Thai Consulate-General
  129. ^ Turkish Consulate General in Hong Kong
  130. ^ British Consulate General Hong Kong
  131. ^ "Consulate General of the United States of America Hong Kong and Macau". Archived from the original on April 18, 2006. Retrieved 2007.
  132. ^ Uruguay - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  133. ^ "Vanuatu". Protocol Division Government Secretariat. Retrieved 2018.
  134. ^ Consulado General de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela en Hong Kong
  135. ^ Consulate General of Vietnam in Hong Kong SAR, China Archived March 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  136. ^ Yemen - Protocol Division Government Secretariat - Consular Posts and Officially Recognised Representatives
  137. ^ Diplomatic Missions Archived July 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Zimbabwe
  138. ^ "European Union Office to Hong Kong and Macao". Archived from the original on February 4, 2010. Retrieved 2007.
  139. ^ a b External Relations Consulates in Macao
  140. ^ Honorary Consul of Benin in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 29 December 2006
  141. ^ Closure of the Consulate General of the Republic of Cape Verde in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
  142. ^ Honorary Consul of the Central African Republic in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 24 May 2006
  143. ^ Honorary Consul of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 25 August 2009
  144. ^ What To Do After Closure of Royal Danish Consulate-General, Danish Chamber of Commerce, Hong Kong, 12 June 2012
  145. ^ Honorary Consul of the Gabonese Republic in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China 15 November 2013
  146. ^ Honorary Consul of the Republic of Ghana in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China 31 October 2013
  147. ^ Closure of the Consulate of the Republic of Kiribati in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
  148. ^ Honorary Consul of the Republic of Togo in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 13 January 2007
  149. ^ Honorary Consul of Ukraine in the Hong Kong Special Administration of the People's Republic of China (Termination of Appointment) 12 March 2007
  150. ^ China Radio International, Hong Kong Yearbook 2002, Hong Kong Yearbook 2003, Hong Kong Yearbook 2004
  151. ^ Gazette, Gazette
  152. ^ Welcome to the Royal Norwegian Consulate in Hong Kong
  153. ^ a b c Hong Kong $ Directory, Local Printing Press, 1987, page 32
  154. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 902
  155. ^ Hong Kong $ Directory, Local Printing Press, 1987, page 948
  156. ^ a b Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 903
  157. ^ a b Hong Kong Business: The Portable Encyclopedia for Doing Business with Hong Kong, Christine Genzberger, World Trade Press, 1994, page 265
  158. ^ Business Directory of Hong Kong, Current Publications Company, 1991, page 798
  159. ^ The meetings of the Armenian Minister of Foreign Affairs in Hong Kong Archived November 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Armenia
  160. ^ Ambassador Meets Mr. Kin-Chung Lam, Nominated Honorary Consul of Timor-Leste to Hong Kong and Macau Archived November 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Embassy of Timor Leste, May 10, 2013
  161. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Kiribati, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  162. ^ "Embassy of Solomon Islands, Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan)". Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  163. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Haiti, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  164. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  165. ^ Foreign Embassies > the Republic of Palau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  166. ^ Foreign Embassies > The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Republic of China)
  167. ^ St. Vincent considering options for embassy in Taiwan, iWitness News, June 8, 2015
  168. ^ Is name change a game changer?, Taipei Times, July 17, 2011

External links


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