Cosimo Tura
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Cosimo Tura
Cosimo Tura
Tura allegory.jpg
An Allegorical Figure (Calliope), c. 1460
Bornc. 1430
Diedc. 1495
Known forPainting
MovementQuattrocento or early-Renaissance

Cosimo Tura (c. 1430 – 1495), also known as Il Cosmè or Cosmè Tura (Italian pronunciation: [ko'zm? t'tu:ra]), was an Italian early-Renaissance (or Quattrocento) painter and considered one of the founders of the School of Ferrara.

Life and career

Born in Ferrara, he was a student of Francesco Squarcione of Padua. Later he obtained patronage from both Dukes Borso and Ercole I d'Este. By 1460, he was given a stipend by the Ferrarese Court. His pupils include Francesco del Cossa and Francesco Bianchi. He appears to have been influenced by Mantegna's and Piero della Francesca's Quattrocento styles.

St. George and the Dragon, Ferrara Cathedral Organ Case, 1469

In Ferrara, he is well represented by frescoes in the Palazzo Schifanoia (1469-71).[1] This pleasure palace, with facade and architecture of little note, belonged to the d'Este family and is located just outside the medieval town walls. Cosimo, along with Francesco del Cossa, helped produce an intricately conceived allegorical series about the months of the year and zodiac symbols. The series contains contemporary portraits of musicians, laborers, and carnival floats in idyllic parades. As in Piero della Francesca's world, the unemotive figures mill in classical serenity.

He also painted the organ doors for the Duomo showing the Annunciation (1469). He collaborated in the painting of a series of "muses" for a Studiolo of the Palace Belfiore of Leonello d'Este in Ferrara, including the allegorical figure of Calliope at the National Gallery (see image). While the individual attributions are often debated, among the artists thought to complete the series were Angelo di Pietro da Sienna, also called Maccagnino or Angelo Parrasio, and Michele Pannonio.

Selected works


  1. ^ Este Court Archives Archived 2014-12-09 at the Wayback Machine, project entry on Palace Schifanoia.
  2. ^ [1] Archived April 11, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ [2] Archived April 11, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ [3] Archived April 11, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Circumcision Archived 2014-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Gardner Museum.
  6. ^ [4] Archived April 11, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ [5] Archived April 11, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Cosme Tura. Spring - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Cosme Tura. The Princess - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ "Saint John the Evangelist in Patmos". Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Cosme Tura. St. George and the Dragon - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ "Cosme Tura. Madonna Enthroned - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  13. ^ "Cosme Tura. St. Sebastian - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  14. ^ "Cosme Tura. St. Dominic - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ "Cosme Tura. Pietà - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ Strehlke, Carl Brandon. "Panels from a Small Altarpiece Showing Saints Peter and John the Baptist (left to right) by Cosmè Tura (cat. 241a,b)". The John G. Johnson Collection: A History and Selected Works. A Philadelphia Museum of Art free digital publication.
  17. ^ "Cosme Tura. St. Anthony of Padua Reading - Olga's Gallery". Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ [6] Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine


  • Haldane Macfall, History of Painting: The Renaissance in Venice Part Two, page 34, ISBN 1-4179-4507-9

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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