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Crancelin (or "crown of rue") is a charge in heraldry, usually seen in the bend on a shield. It depicts a band of a stylized trefoil leaves, representing a branch of common rue (Ruta graveolens). It can be found in the coat of arms of Saxony.
Legend has it that at the investiture of Bernhard, Count of Anhalt and Ballenstedt, as Duke of Saxony, the then emperor, Frederick I Barbarossa, took the chaplet of rue he was wearing and placed it over the corner of Bernhard's shield. To commemorate this act, the crancelin vert was added to the Ballenstedt arms (barry sable and or).
The Encyclopédie of 1751 defined it as a "portion of a crown placed in bend across a shield".
The French word is from the German Kränzlein ("little garland / wreathlet").
The bearing is sometimes called "a ducal coronet in bend" or "a bend archy coronetty". It is known in German as Rautenkranz ("garland / wreath of rue").
- ^ Woodcock, Thomas; Robinson, John Martin (1988). The Oxford Guide to Heraldry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 199. ISBN 0-19-211658-4.
- ^ Karl Peter Lepsius: Kleine Schriften, Beiträge zur thüringisch-sächsischen Geschichte und deutschen Kunst und Alterthumskunde Dritter Band, Creutz, Magdeburg (1855) (Ch 4 p174-181 at google books) (old German)
- ^ D'Alembert, Diderot
L'Encyclopédie, 1re éd, 1751 (Tome 4, p. 430): "portion d'une couronne posée en bande à-travers l'écu"
- ^ Parker, James, Glossary of terms used in heraldry, 1894)
- ^ https://www.dict.cc/german-english/Kranzlein.html
- ^ Parker, James, Glossary of terms used in heraldry, 1894
- ^ Johann Ebers, New And Complete Dictionary Of The German And English, Volume 2, Leipzig, 1798
- forum at amateurheralds.com