|Turnout||47.12% (first round) |
Presidential elections were held in Croatia on 28 December 2014 and 11 January 2015, the sixth such elections since independence in 1991. Only four candidates contested the elections, the lowest number since 1997. Incumbent President Ivo Josipovi?, who had been elected as the candidate of the Social Democratic Party in 2009-10 but ran as an independent, was eligible to seek reelection for a second and final five-year term. As no candidate received 50% of the vote in the first round in December 2014, a run-off took place in January 2015 between the two candidates with the most votes; Josipovi? and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?. Grabar-Kitarovi? went on to win the elections by a slim margin of 32,509 votes or 1.48%, making her Croatia's first female president.
The elections were the second to have a woman in the run-off, the first having been the 2005 elections, and also featured the youngest candidate to run in a presidential contest, Ivan Vilibor Sin?i?, aged 24. The election of Grabar-Kitarovi? was the first victory for the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) in a presidential election since the death of Franjo Tu?man in December 1999, making her the first right-wing President of Croatia in 15 years. The defeat of Josipovi? marked the first time that an incumbent Croatian President had failed to win reelection for a second five-year term, with both his predecessors Franjo Tu?man and Stjepan Mesi? serving two terms. The number of votes (1,114,900) received by Grabar-Kitarovi? in the second round was the lowest number of votes received by any elected Croatian President to date. Grabar-Kitarovi? was sworn in as the fourth President of Croatia on 15 February 2015, becoming the youngest person to take office as President of the Republic of Croatia, aged 46 years and 295 days.
In mid-October 2014 the SDP-led government proposed adopting a new electoral law by February 2015. SDP's parliamentary speaker Josip Leko stated that the party's position in consultation with the Venice Commission was that the electoral law should not be changed within a year prior to an election. However, the new Law on the Election of the President of the Republic of Croatia was subsequently voted in by the SDP-led parliamentary majority on 24 October. The opposition Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) walked out on the vote criticizing the timing, while most of the parliament's minority representatives voted against the law due to a lack of consultation of parliamentary groups. The SDP's Pe?a Grbin, head of the parliament's constitutional committee jeered the opposition: "I understand why my colleagues from HDZ are opposed, since they won't have to wait until midnight to find that they've also lost these elections" - ostensibly in reference to a part of the law which shortened the electoral silence from midnight on election day to the closing of the polls.
One of the more significant changes to the law involved limiting voting abroad to consular offices. This had the effect of greatly reducing the number of polling stations in neighbouring Bosnia and Herzegovina: from 124 in the 2009-10 presidential elections to 15 in the current election. The Croatian People's Assembly, a grouping of Croat parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina, protested at the reduction. Overall the number of polling stations abroad was reduced from 250 to 90.
On 20 November Croatian prime minister Zoran Milanovi? called presidential elections to take place on 28 December.
Opinions polls in late 2014 showed the Croatian public with high disapproval ratings of the country's direction and the government: 82% and 79% respectively.
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? was first discussed as the Croatian Democratic Union's candidate in May 2014 after the party emerged with the most votes and seats nationally in the European Parliament elections. Her candidature was confirmed by party leader Tomislav Karamarko on 12 June.
In October, president Josipovi? had to deal with the fallout from an article written by his chief analyst Dejan Jovi? claiming that the 1991 Croatian independence referendum was "quite illiberal and was not held in free and honest circumstances". Josipovi? subsequently dismissed Jovi?.
The deadline for potential candidates to submit the required 10,000 signatures to the electoral commission was midnight on the night of December 6. The first to submit his signatures was Milan Kujund?i? who handed them in on 5 December. Incumbent president Ivo Josipovi? submitted his 203,875 signatures along with prime minister Zoran Milanovi? and other members of his cabinet on the day of the deadline. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? and Ivan Sin?i? both also submitted the required signatures later that day.
As of 22 November 2014, the following candidates had announced their bids:
Candidates seeking nomination first had to submit a minimum of 10,000 citizens' signatures to the State Electoral Commission (Dr?avno izborno povjerenstvo or DIP) in order for their candidacy to be formally accepted. The signatures had to be collected in a period of twelve days, from 25 November to 6 December. The deadline for submissions was midnight, 6 December, with most candidates submitting a much larger number of signatures as a show of support. Following the submissions, DIP will have two days to check the validity of signatures, and is expected to announce a final list of candidates by midnight on 8 December. On 9 December the campaign will officially start, and will last for 18 days until 26 December, celebrated in Croatia as St. Stephen's Day.
|Candidate||Party affiliation||Political remarks||Proof of nomination||Website|
|Ivo Josipovi?||Nominally Independent, supported by the Social Democratic Party of Croatia||Incumbent, stands for re-election after completing his first term. Although formally independent, Josipovi? was nominated by the ruling Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), and is supported by 16 other left wing, centre-left, green and liberal parties. Running on a centre-left platform focusing on judiciary and fight against corruption, as well as proposed reforms to the constitution which would grant the president more executive powers.||Submitted some 203,000 signatures on 6 December.||josipovic.hr|
|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?||Croatian Democratic Union||Candidate of the biggest opposition party, the centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), and supported by 7 other centre-right parties. Former foreign minister in the Cabinet of Ivo Sanader I (2003-08), Grabar-Kitarovi? is running on a centre-right platform.||Submitted some 330,000 signatures on 6 December.||kolinda.hr|
|Milan Kujund?i?||Croatian Dawn||Founder and president of the right-wing populist Croatian Dawn (HZ) non-parliamentary party, formed in July 2013 as a splinter party of HDZ, following Kujund?i?'s defeat in internal party elections. Also supported by 6 other right-wing and nationalist parties. Running on a right-wing populist platform.||Submitted some 50,000 signatures on 5 December.||milankujundzic.hr|
|Ivan Vilibor Sin?i?||Human Blockade||Nominated by an activist organization called ?ivi Zid (Human Blockade) which fights forced home evictions by organising human shields, and which was registered as a political party in July 2011. Running on a eurosceptic, anti-NATO populist platform.||Submitted some 15,000 signatures on 6 December.||s-p.hr|
During the course of the first-round campaign the head of the president's War Veterans Council Vlado Mari? gave his resignation in protest of Josipovi?. His resignation cited a lack of an "appropriate reaction to multiple attempts to show either [Josipovi?] or his close associates, personally or through the War Veterans Council, of the difficulty and seriousness of the problems affecting Croatian veterans".
Incumbent president Ivo Josipovi? addressed his supporters on the night of the first round of elections. During his speech he stated "Too much blood has been spilled for Croatia and too many defenders died that we would give Croatia up to those who don't deserve it" in reference to the opposition challenger Grabar-Kitarovi?. The Croatian Democratic Union criticized the president's rhetoric as "dirty and aggressive" and stressed that while Josipovi? "speaks of blood", their candidate offers "peace, unity and optimism".
After the first round, third place candidate Ivan Sin?i? was asked which of the two candidates he would support in the second round to which he replied that he could not support either due to moral reasons. Sin?i?'s ?ivi zid told his supporters to spoil their ballots in the second round by entering Sin?i?'s name on the ballot. Vice-president of the SDP government Milanka Opa?i? called Sin?i? a "colourful lie" in an interview from the Josipovi? campaign headquarters on the night of the first-round elections. In response Sin?i?'s campaign manager Du?an Cvetanovi? called SDP and the government "a colourful lie which ever fewer people have faith in". SDP vice-president and director of operations for Josipovi?'s campaign ?eljka Antunovi? also said that "Sin?i? acted like an anarchist and didn't offer solutions". Nevertheless, the following day Josipovi? reached out to Sin?i?'s voters: "I hope that those voters who were for Sin?i? recognize that this is a field where we're playing together". Sin?i? continued his work with ?ivi zid after the first round. He was arrested during an attempt to prevent an eviction in Zagreb on 8 January.
Fourth placed candidate Milan Kujund?i? implicitly endorsed Grabar-Kitarovi? during his concession speech on the first-round election night stating that "Croatia will get a new president". The Croatian Party of Rights which had backed Kujund?i? subsequently endorsed Grabar-Kitarovi?.
Grabar-Kitarovi? entered the second round as only the second woman to do so after Jadranka Kosor in 2005, and attempting to be the first to win the presidency. In prime minister Milanovi?'s new-year interview with RTL he referred to her as a "prima ballerina" in the previous HDZ government when she served as minister. In the interview Milanovi? also referred to Croatian Catholic bishops as "the most backward in Europe" and referred to Orthodox Christmas as the only non-working day in the coming weeks, despite Ephipany being celebrated as a national non-working holiday on 6 January and Orthodox Christmas being an optional non-working holiday reserved for those Orthodox observing it.
Josipovi? continued with some events in his presidential role during the campaign. On 6 January he was to attend the Serbian National Council's Christmas party. Traditionally, the event is attended by the president although Josipovi? had last been in 2012 after a falling-out with the head of the council Milorad Pupovac.
|Candidate (Party)||Amount spent
- until December 28 
|Votes||Average spent per vote|
|Ivo Josipovi? (SDP supported)||5,400,000||687,558||7.8|
|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? (HDZ)||2,500,000||665,309||3.8|
|Milan Kujund?i? (SZH)||390,806||112,581||3.5|
|Ivan Sin?i? (?ivi zid)||92,627||293,562||0.32|
Grabar-Kitarovi? and Josipovi? were scheduled to have three head-to-head debates before the second round:
|Date(s) Conducted||Polling Organisation/Client||Ivo Josipovi?||Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?||Milan Kujund?i?||Ivan Sin?i?||Others||Undecided / none|
|28 Dec||Exit polls||38.8%||38.1%||5.7%||15.9%|
|19 Dec||Ipsos puls for Novatv||46.5%||34.9%||7.2%||9.2%|
|18 Dec||Promocija Plus for RTL||42.1%||30.5%||9.3%||7.5%||10.6%|
|4 Dec||Promocija plus for RTL||42.3%||28.3%||11.2%||9.5%||8.7%|
|6 Sep||Promocija plus||48.9%||32.5%||6.8%|
|4 Sep||Ipsos puls||45.5%||30.9%||2.1%||9.4%||12.1%|
|4 Aug||Promocija plus||48.4%||33.6%||4.8%||3.2%||10.0%|
|1-3 Jul||Promocija plus||49.2%||35.2%||4.3%||1.8%||9.4%|
|Date(s) Conducted||Polling Organisation/Client||Ivo Josipovi?||Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?||Undecided|
|11 Jan||Exit polls||48.6%||51.4%||0%|
|18 Dec||Promocija Plus for RTL||52.0%||41.3%||6.7%|
|4 Dec||Promocija plus for RTL||50.9%||41.4%||7.7%|
|Candidates||Party||1st round||2nd round|
|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?||Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica)||665,379||37.22%||1,114,945||50.74%|
|Ivan Vilibor Sin?i?||Human Shield (?ivi zid)||293,570||16.42%|
|Milan Kujund?i?||Alliance for Croatia (Savez za Hrvatsku)||112,585||6.30%|
|Table of results ordered by number of votes received in first round. Official results by Izbori Hrvatska after all polling stations reported for first round.|
|City of Zagreb||690,208||335,490||48.61%||134,915||40.17%||117,673||35.04%||53,821||16.03%||22,332||6.65%|
|Source: State Electoral Commission|
|City of Zagreb||692,780||430,308||62.11%||200,573||48.11%||216,290||51.89%|
|Source: State Electoral Commission|
Incumbent president Ivo Josipovi? and opposition candidate Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? received the greatest number of votes in the first round. The result was notable for being much closer than expected in pre-election polls, with respective vote shares of 38.46% and 37.22%. Political analyst ?arko Puhovski criticized the polls for having an inadequate sample and being overly reliant on telephone polling.
The new electoral law put into place by the Milanovi? government had the effect of greatly reducing the number of polling stations in neighbouring Bosnia and Herzegovina for Croatian citizens residing there. This translated to a greatly reduced turnout there: from 50,859 in the first round of the 2009 presidential elections to 7,372 in 2014. The Croatian Democratic Union agreed with its sister party in Bosnia and Herzegovina on organizing free buses for voters to polling stations for the second round. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? had received an overwhelming majority there in the first round. Josipovi?'s campaign complained to the State Electoral Commission that offering free rides to polling stations constituted a donation which would violate electoral rules. However, votes of the diaspora still wouldn't change the outcome.
Around 60% of voters between ages 18 and 29 voted for Grabar-Kitarovi?, while Josipovi? was favoured by voters older than 60.