Csanad County
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Csan%C3%A1d County
Csanád County
Comitatus Chanadiensis  (Latin)
Csanád vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Tschanad  (German)
?anadská ?upa  (Slovak)
Comitatul Cenad  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1542)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(1542-1552)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1699-1786, 1790-1853, 1860-1923, 1945-1946)
County of the Second Hungarian Republic
(1946-1949)
County of the Hungarian People's Republic
(1949-1950)
Coat of arms of Csanád
Coat of arms
Csanad.png
CapitalMarosvár (Csanád 1028-)
; Makó (1730-1950)
Area
 o Coordinates46°13?N 20°29?E / 46.217°N 20.483°E / 46.217; 20.483Coordinates: 46°13?N 20°29?E / 46.217°N 20.483°E / 46.217; 20.483
 
o 1910
1,714 km2 (662 sq mi)
Population 
o 1910
145200
History 
o Established
11th century
o Ottoman conquest
1552
o County recreated
1699
o Merged into Békés-Csanád-Csongrád County
1 June 1786
o County recreated
26 April 1790
o Merged into Békés-Csanád County
10 January 1853
o County recreated
20 October 1860
o Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
o Merged into Csanád-Arad-Torontál County
1923
o County recreated
1945
o Disestablished
16 March 1950
Today part of Hungary
(1,469 km2)
 Romania
(245 km2)
Cenad is the current name of the capital.

Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now part of Hungary, except a small area which is part of Romania. The capital of the county was Makó.

Geography

Csanád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Békés, Arad and Torontál. The river Maros (now Mure?) formed its southern border. Its area was 1714 km2 around 1910.

History

The county's territory became part of the Kingdom of Hungary in the first half of the 11th century when Stephen I of Hungary defeated Ajtony, local ruler. The county got its name after the commander of the royal army, Csanád. The king appointed Gerard of Csanád first bishop of Csanád. The county was initially much larger, it included territories of the later Temes, Arad, and Torontál counties. The first seat of the county was Csanád (present-day Cenad, Romania).

Csanád County within the Kingdom of Hungary around 1370

The county's territory became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. The settlement structure was almost completely destroyed during the Ottoman-Habsburg wars. In the Treaty of Karlowitz, the Ottoman Empire renounced its claims to the territories north of the Maros (Mure?) river. Csanád county was reorganized in the returned territories (with greatly reduced territory). Makó became the seat of the reorganized county.

After World War I, the county was occupied by the Romanian army. In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small area in the southeast of the county (N?dlac and ?eitin) to Romania. The rest of the county was united with parts of Torontál county (a small area south of Szeged) and Arad county (a small area south of Békéscsaba) to form the new county of Csanád-Arad-Torontál in 1923.

Csanád, Arad and Torontál counties after the Treaty of Trianon. In 1923, the three counties were merged to form Csanád-Arad-Torontál County.

After World War II, the county was recreated, but in 1950 the county was divided between the Hungarian counties of Békés and Csongrád, however since 4 June 2020, the latter was renamed to Csongrád-Csanád County. The Romanian part of former Csanád county is now part of the Romanian county of Arad.

Demographics

Csanád county was one of the most densely populated counties of the Hungarian Kingdom. The Hungarians formed an ethnic majority in every district except for the district Nagylak. The main part of the Slovaks and Romanians lived in the district Nagylak, the Serbs in the district Battonya.

1900

In 1900, the county had a population of 140,007 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 145,249 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions

Csanád county administrative map.jpg

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csanád county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Battonya Battonya
Központ Makó
Mez?kovácsháza Mez?kovácsháza
Nagylak Nagylak (Romanian: N?dlac)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Makó

The town of N?dlac is now in Romania; the other towns mentioned are now in Hungary.

Palace of Tenants, Makó

References

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .

External links

Heraldry [1]


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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